Bogislaw VIII, Duke of Pomerania

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Bogislaw VIII
Duke of Pomerania
S-Bogislaw-VIII-1403.jpg
Seal of Bogislaw VIII (1403)
Born c. 1364
Died (1418-02-11)11 February 1418
Noble family House of Griffins
Spouse(s) Sophie of Holstein
Father Bogislaw V, Duke of Pomerania
Mother Adelheid of Brunswick-Grubenhagen

Bogislaw VIII (c. 1364 – 11 February 1418)[1], a member of the House of Griffins, was Duke of Pomerania ruling in Pomerania-Stolp from 1395 until his death. He also served as administrator of the Prince-Bishopric of Cammin from 1387 and as Cammin Prince-bishop from 1394 to 1398.

Life[edit]

Bogislaw was a younger son of Duke Bogislaw V of Pomerania from his second marriage with the Welf princess Adelheid, a daughter of Duke Ernest I of Brunswick-Grubenhagen. Upon the partition of the Duchy of Pomerania in 1368/72, his father received the eastern lands around Stolp (Słupsk). Upon his death in 1374, he was succeeded by his first-born son Casimir IV of Pomerania, Bogislaw's half-brother and, by his mother Elizabeth, a grandson of King Casimir III of Poland. After Duke Casimir IV was killed while fighting for the Polish inheritance against his Piast cousin Prince Władysław the White three years later, Bogislaw became co-ruler of Pomerania-Stolp, together with his brothers Wartislaw VII and Barnim V.

As a younger son, Bogislaw possibly had prepared for an ecclesiastical career and suspiciously eyed the appointment of John Brun, chancellor of the German king Wenceslaus, as Bishop of Cammin in 1386. To defend the bishopric's autonomy, he concluded an agreement with the cathedral chapter the next year, granting him the rights of a diocesan administrator. Though rigorously opposed by the bishop, Bogislaw prevailed and could assume the episcopal ministry himself upon John Brun's death in 1394, however, he resigned four years later in favour of the Culm bishop Nicholas.

The reign of Bogislaw and his brothers in Pomerania was influenced by the ongoing conflicts between his eastern neighbours, the Kingdom of Poland and the State of the Teutonic Order. The Pomeranian dukes, whose territory was the only land route to Teutonic Prussia not controlled by Poland, exploited this conflict by frequently changing sides. Soon after the Lithuanian grand duke Jogaila was crowned King of Poland (as Władysław II Jagiełło), the dukes of Pomerania-Stolp left an alliance and, late in 1388, sided with Poland, who had promised to partially respect their claims as King Casimir III's heirs.[2] Thence, the nobles of Pomerania-Stolp robbed the Teutonic Knights and their supply routes, provoking a counter-attack that destroyed many noble strongholds including the fortifications of Köslin (Koszalin).[2] Bogislaw VIII, Barnim V and Wartislaw VII reacted by siding with the Polish king and negotiating mutual trade alleviations.[2]

When their brother Wartislaw VII died in 1395, Bogislaw and Barnim V settled a treaty with Teutonic Prussia in neighbouring Pomerelia (Gdańsk Pomerania), which was in constant conflict with Poland, to safeguard their supply routes in return for financial credit.[2] Their cousins, Duke Swantibor III of Pomerania-Stettin and his brother Bogislaw VII, changed sides in 1395 and allied with the knights in return for economic aid.[2] However, in 1397 Barnim V concluded an alliance with Poland, married Vytautas' niece Hedwig and entered into Jogaila's service in 1401 until he died in 1402 or 1404.[2]

Bogislaw, now sole ruler of Pomerania-Stolp, began a lengthy quarrel with Bishop Nicholas of Cammin about several ecclesiastical estates, which led to Nicholas' expulsion and the appointment of Magnus of Saxe-Lauenburg in 1410. Like his brother Barnim, Duke Bogislaw also entered into King Jogaila's service, but changed sides in 1407/08, when he allied with the Teutonic Knights under Grand Master Ulrich von Jungingen and settled their common border.[2] Nevertheless, Bogislaw refused any armed support and when the Knights lost the Battle of Tannenberg in July 1410, he changed sides again and allied with Poland[2] in return for the Bütow, Schlochau, Preußisch-Friedland, Baldenburg, Hammerstein and Schivelbein areas, which Poland had gained from Teutonic Prussia before.[3] This, however, was cancelled according to the First Peace of Thorn in 1411.[3]

While Bogislaw upheld his alliance with Jogaila, Konrad Bonow of the Cammin diocese in 1414 established an alliance with the Teutonic Knights against both Bogislaw and Jogaila, which was turned into a truce soon after.[3] In 1417, Bogislaw and the Teutonic knights settled their common border in the Hammerstein area, ending their conflicts.[3] Bogislaw died in 1418 and was buried in the cathedral of Cammin. He was succeeded by his son Bogislaw IX, who, together with all the other Pomeranian dukes, in 1423 again allied with the Teutonic Knights.[3]

Family[edit]

He married Sophie of Holstein, the daughter of Henry II, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg. They had at least three children:

Ancestors[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Werner Buchholz, Pommern, Siedler, 1999, p.149, ISBN 3-88680-272-8
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Kyra Inachim, Die Geschichte Pommerns, Hinstorff Rostock, 2008, p.36, ISBN 978-3-356-01044-2
  3. ^ a b c d e Kyra T. Inachin, Die Geschichte Pommerns, Hinstorff Rostock, 2008, p.37, ISBN 978-3-356-01044-2
Bogislaw VIII, Duke of Pomerania
Born: c. 1364 Died: 11 February 1418
Catholic Church titles
Regnal titles
Preceded by
John II
Administrator of
Cammin prince-bishopric
due to John II's absence

1387-1392
Succeeded by
John II
Catholic Church titles
Regnal titles
Preceded by
John II
Prince-Bishop of Cammin
rivalled by John III

1394-1398
Succeeded by
Nikolaus Bock
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Wartislaw VII
Duke of Pomerania-Stolp
1395-1418
Succeeded by
Bogislaw IX