Bogislaw X, Duke of Pomerania
Bogislaw X, Duke of Pomerania
|Spouse(s)||Margaret of Brandenburg
Anna of Poland
|Father||Eric II, Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast|
|Mother||Sophia of Pomerania-Stolp|
3 June 1454|
Rügenwalde (now Darłowo)
|Died||5 October 1523
Stettin (now Szczecin)
Bogislaw X of Pomerania, the Great, (3 June 1454 – 5 October 1523) was Duke of Pomerania from 1474 until his death in 1523.
Bogislaw was born in Rügenwalde (now Darłowo, Poland) into the House of Pomerania (Griffins). His father was Eric II, Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast, his mother was the duchess Sophia of Pomerania, both distant relatives of the House of Pomerania. Bogislaw was first married to Margaret of Brandenburg and later to Anna Jagiellon, daughter of Casimir IV Jagiellon, King of Poland. With his second wife he had eight children, including Sophia of Pomerania, who became queen of Denmark. He inherited all of the previously partitioned Duchy of Pomerania and became her sole ruler in 1478. He was succeeded by his sons George I and Barnim XI.
Before Bogislaw's reign, the Duchy of Pomerania had for a long time been divided into several splinter duchies, ruled by relatives of the Griffin house. In 1464, Pomerania-Stettin's duke Otto III died without an heir, Bogislaw's father Eric II and his uncle, Wartislaw X, both ruling different portions of Pomerania-Wolgast, managed to succeed in a conflict about Pomerania-Stettin inheritance with the Margraviate of Brandenburg. In 1474, with his father's death, Bogislaw inherited his splinter duchy, becoming Duke of Pomerania. In 1478 with his uncle's death, he inherited his splinter duchy, too, becoming the first sole ruler in the Duchy of Pomerania since about 200 years.
His father, Eric II, had left Pomerania in tense conflicts with Brandenburg and Mecklenburg. Bogislaw managed to resolve these conflicts by both diplomatic and military means. He married his sister, Sophia, to Magnus II, Duke of Mecklenburg, and his other sister, Magarete, was married to Magnus's brother Balthasar. Bogislaw himself married Magarete, daughter of Brandenburg's Prince-elector Frederick II. Also, in 1478, Bogislaw regained areas lost to Brandenburg by his father, most notably the town of Gartz and other small towns and castles north of the Brandenburgian Uckermark. He confirmed the 1472 Peace of Prenzlau in 1479, leaving Strasburg with Brandenburg and Bogislaw had to take his possessions as a fief from Brandenburg. In the same year, his wife died before they had children.
When Bogislaw married Anna of Poland in 1491, all of Pomerania's neighbors were tied to the House of Pomerania by marriage. Bogislaw made use of these favourable conditions in 1493, and strengthened Pomerania's position towards Brandenburg in the Treaty of Pyritz, which declared Pomerania not a fief of Brandenburg, but a fief of the Holy Roman Emperor.
by Anna Jagiellon:
- Kasimir VIII (28 April 1494 – 29 October 1518)
- Sophie of Pomerania, Queen of Denmark (1498–1568), married Frederick I of Denmark in 1525
- George I, Duke of Pomerania (1493–1531)
- Anna of Pomerania, Duchess of Lubin (1492–1550), married George I of Brieg in 1521
- Barnim IX, Duke of Pomerania (1501–1573)
- Elisabeth (died before 1518), abbess of Krummin Nunnery
- Barnim (before 1501 – before 1501)
- Otto (before 1503 – before 1518)
- Christoph, archdeacon of Usedom as of 1508
- Gottfried von Bülow (1876), "Bogislaw X.", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German) 3, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 48–55
Bogislaw X, Duke of PomeraniaBorn: 3 June 1454 Died: 5 October 1523
Wartislaw X of Pomerania-Barth
|Duke of Pomerania
George I and
Eric II of Pomerania-Wolgast