Bogo, Cebu

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Bogo
Component City
City of Bogo
Map of Cebu with Bogo highlighted
Map of Cebu with Bogo highlighted
Bogo is located in Philippines
Bogo
Bogo
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 11°02′N 124°00′E / 11.03°N 124°E / 11.03; 124Coordinates: 11°02′N 124°00′E / 11.03°N 124°E / 11.03; 124
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Cebu
District 4th district of Cebu
Established
Cityhood
1850
16 June 2007
Barangay
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Panlungsod
 • Mayor Carlo Martinez (LP)
 • Vice mayor Mayel Martinez
 • City Council
 • Representative Benhur Salimbangon
Area[2]
 • Total 103.52 km2 (39.97 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 78,120
 • Density 750/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
 • Voter(2016)[4] 48,290
Demonym(s) Bogohanon
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code 6010
IDD:area code +63 (0)32
Income class 6th class
PSGC 072211000
Website www.cityofbogocebu.gov.ph

Bogo (Filipino: Lungsod ng Bogo; Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Bogo), officially the City of Bogo, and often referred to as Bogo City, established in 2007, is a 6th city income class component city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 78,120.[3] In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 48,290 registered voters.[4]

Bogo is located in the northeastern coast of Cebu province, on the principal island of Cebu. It is 101 kilometres (63 mi) from Cebu City and is accessible by land and sea. Bogo has an area of 103.5 square kilometres (40.0 sq mi), which constitutes 2.3% of the area of Cebu island and 2.1% of the total land area of Cebu province. The city marches with: Medellin to the north, San Remigio to the west, and Tabogon to the south; on the east it is bound by Camotes Sea.[5][6]

History[edit]

The year 1600 saw the founding of a real settlement which was subsequently transformed into a barangay with small huts made of cogon grass and bamboo, standing where the Bogo Central Extension now stands. While the barangay was then part of another community in the north (today's town of Daanbantayan), the natives enjoyed tacit freedom of self-rule although they continued to pay tributes and taxes to the chieftain of Daanbantayan. This barangay grew in prominence and for this reason, it was separated from Daanbantayan. In January 1850 the Bishop of Cebu, appointed Spanish friar Fr Jaime Micalot as the first parish priest of Bogo and decreed Saint Vincent Ferrer as the town's patron saint.[7][8][9]

The first mass was celebrated in the hastily built chapel on 5 April 1850, to coincide with the death anniversary of the patron saint. This chapel was later gutted by fire and a new stone church was constructed at the place where the Bogo Town Plaza is now located. About this time, the Spanish authorities in Bogo introduced civil government. Pedro Aballe became the first Cabeza de Barangay or mayor from 1864 to 1869.[10] Senator Pedro L. Rodriguez, popularly known as the "Grand Old Man of Bogo" named one of the oldest streets of the town after him.[7][8][9]

In those times, a cabeza de barangay took charge of the collection of tributes to support the encomienda system of Spain. Later the tribute was substituted by the "papelita" (cedula) which the individual paid in two installments annually. A taxpayer who could not afford to pay the cost of papelita in the amount of ₱1.50 was made to work on local projects at fifty centavos a week. Because of this, a good number of delinquent taxpayers escaped and hid in the mountain fastness of Bogo.[7][9]

Early historians aver that the town of Bogo derived its name from a lone bogo tree or Garuga floribunda,[11][12] which stood on the shore where now is Bogo wharf. Here the inhabitants met traders who sailed in loaded with goods to be sold or bartered.[9] Thus this spot became a rendezvous for traders and merchants as well as for nature-lovers and leisure-seekers. Some of these traders remained and married locals.[7][9]

A few years before the turn of the 20th century, eventful episodes took place in the town marked by fire and blood. The nationalistic fervor of the Katipuneros in Luzon fanned the flames of the resistant movement in Cebu. In Bogo, the younger kin of the Katipuneros, the so-called "Pulahans", exacted heavy tolls on the forces of the cazadores (guardia civil) (cf Caçadores) during fierce encounters near the outskirts of the town. Although the Pulahans were ill-armed, untrained and outnumbered at times, they nevertheless continued to hit back at the enemy.[7][8][13]

Success seemed almost within reach when in 1898 an American cavalry unit under Captain Rowan landed at Nailon point and proceeded to the poblacion where his troops assembled in front of the church. He was met by Pedro L. Rodriguez then presidente municipal of the town, and they soon sealed an agreement for the protection of the civilian populace of the town.[7][8][13]

World War II[edit]

Again in 1941, the Philippines, being a territory of the United States, became a battleground in an undeclared war between the invading Japanese Imperial Forces and the combined Filipino–American troops. After the surrender of the USAFFE many from Bogo refused to swear allegiance to the Japanese. They went into the hills and organized guerrilla warfare headed by disbanded officers of the constabulary and army units in the province.[7][8][13]

Cognizant of the anti-Japanese sentiment of this armed group who were determined to carry out harassment tactics against the occupation troops in northern Bogo, six Japanese seaplanes bombed the town of Bogo on the early morning of 12 December 1942. Several civilians were killed and many injured. In order to quell the seething rebellion, the Japanese military authorities in Cebu established a garrison in the town in a building now owned by the Northern Cebu Colleges. As a means to win the loyalty and support of the people of the town, a local puppet administration was established in Bogo under Japanese supervision, with Moises Lepatan appointed town mayor during the occupation.[7][8][13]

Liberation came in 1944, and civilian government soon restored. Former municipal secretary Perfecto Andrino was appointed first mayor of Bogo by President Manuel Roxas in 1945. In the first election held after the war, Severo Verallo was elected with a considerable majority and appointed town mayor.[7][8][13]

The plebiscite for the cityhood of Bogo was held on 16 June 2007 in which 97.82% of voters of Bogo voted for cityhood. Former representative Clavel Asas-Martinez announced that the cityhood of Bogo has been ratified. It became the sixth component city of Cebu province.[14]

Government center[edit]

The new Bogo City Hall was inaugurated on 19 April 2013 by President Benigno Aquino III.[15] On 8 November 2013, a powerful super typhoon Haiyan,[16][17] also known as Yolanda, badly hit northern Cebu, where Bogo City is located and not spared the widespread devastation. Typhoon Yolanda destroyed almost everything from infrastructure to agriculture, 90% left homeless and thirteen died in Bogo, among more than 6,000 fatalities in Central Philippines. City Hall was one of the structures damaged: its roof got ripped off, its windows broken and other parts of the building also affected and devastated.[18]

Barangays[edit]

Bogo comprises 29 barangays:[2]

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[19]
072211002 Anonang Norte 2.0% 1,579 1,390 2.46%
072211003 Anonang Sur 2.2% 1,748 1,346 5.10%
072211004 Banban 2.9% 2,263 2,136 1.11%
072211005 Binabag 2.6% 2,024 1,904 1.17%
072211006 Bungtod (pob.) 3.0% 2,324 1,925 3.65%
072211007 Carbon (pob.) 0.3% 263 392 −7.32%
072211008 Cayang 5.0% 3,883 3,360 2.79%
072211001 Cogon (pob.) 3.4% 2,634 2,852 −1.50%
072211009 Dakit 6.9% 5,400 4,688 2.73%
072211010 Don Pedro Rodriguez 4.6% 3,563 3,395 0.92%
072211011 Gairan 12.5% 9,751 8,721 2.15%
072211012 Guadalupe 4.5% 3,540 3,165 2.15%
072211013 Lapaz 4.8% 3,743 3,084 3.76%
072211014 La Purisima Concepcion (pob.) 1.2% 931 958 −0.54%
072211015 Libertad 5.2% 4,029 3,694 1.67%
072211016 Lourdes (pob.) 0.6% 456 495 −1.55%
072211017 Malingin 3.4% 2,672 2,784 −0.78%
072211018 Marangog 2.4% 1,894 1,697 2.11%
072211019 Nailon 7.8% 6,093 4,896 4.25%
072211020 Odlot 3.2% 2,480 2,328 1.21%
072211021 Pandan (Pandan Heights) 2.3% 1,789 1,425 4.43%
072211022 Polambato 5.0% 3,881 3,052 4.68%
072211023 Sambag (pob.) 2.1% 1,678 1,850 −1.84%
072211024 San Vicente (pob.) 0.7% 525 675 −4.67%
072211025 Santo Niño 1.4% 1,131 674 10.36%
072211026 Santo Rosario (pob.) 1.6% 1,287 914 6.73%
072211027 Siocon 2.2% 1,680 1,285 5.24%
072211029 Sudlonon 0.9% 686 896 −4.96%
072211028 Taytayan 5.4% 4,193 3,930 1.24%
Total 78,120 69,911 2.14%

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Bogo
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 14,915 —    
1918 23,464 +3.07%
1939 27,517 +0.76%
1948 26,132 −0.57%
1960 29,841 +1.11%
1970 38,055 +2.46%
1975 39,144 +0.57%
1980 42,444 +1.63%
1990 51,083 +1.87%
1995 57,509 +2.24%
2000 63,869 +2.27%
2007 69,123 +1.10%
2010 69,911 +0.41%
2015 78,120 +2.14%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][19][20][21]

In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 48,290 registered voters, meaning that 62% of the population are aged 18 and over.[4]

Fiestas and festivals[edit]

Piyesta sa Bogo

Bogo City celebrates two town fiestas in every year in honor of its patron saint, Saint Vincent Ferrer.[7]

  • 5 April is the official feast day or the death anniversary of San Vicente Ferrer. Many pilgrims around the world will come to venerate the patron saint and almost all activities in this fiesta are religious activities only.
  • 26 - 27 May considered the biggest town fiesta celebration where most visitors come to witness the events, which include the search for Ms Bogo Festival Queen and the celebration of the official festival of Bogo City, the Pintos Festival.[a] The Pintos Festival involves creative street dancing depicting the sangi (Planting) and thanksgiving of the abundant harvest and merrymaking through dancing the 'Kuyayang' – a Bogohanon courtship dance staged in front of the community during fiestas. Barangays all around Bogo join together to form fives cluster tribes.[22]
Bogo City Charter Day

Education[edit]

Media[edit]

Cable and TV stations
  • Bogo Cable TV, Inc.

Major TV networks based in Cebu City have signals in the city

Newspapers

National and local daily newspapers, tabloids and magazines are available in the city.
City of Bogo has its own quarterly official publication "KANAAS" (Gikan sa Amihanan – A Whisper from the North).[24]

City landmarks[edit]

  • The Archdiocesan Shrine of St. Vincent Ferrer
  • The Shrine of the Our Lady of the Miraculous Medal - Lapaz, Bogo City
  • Bogo City Hall
  • Capitancillo Islet
  • Bogo City Plaza Park
  • Bogo City Public Library and Museum

Notable Bogohanons[edit]

City hymn[edit]

The Bogo City council has passed an ordinance requiring all schools in Bogo to sing the Bogo Hymn in all flag-raising ceremonies and school programs just like the Philippine National Anthem, "Lupang Hinirang". Radio Stations based in Bogo are also required to play the hymn every sign-on and sign-off.[28] City legislation prohibits the alteration of the lyrics, tempo and tune in the rendition of Bogo hymn entitled "Padayon Bogo".[29]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Pintos" is a popular delicacy made from ground corn and wrapped in corn husk.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Municipal: Bogo, Cebu". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016. 
  5. ^ “General Info. – The Land”, City of Bogo Official Website.
  6. ^ “Geography of Bogo”, BOGO On Line.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j “General Info. – History”, City of Bogo Official Website.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g The History of Bogo[permanent dead link], BOGO On Line.
  9. ^ a b c d e Political History1-First Execs, BOGO On Line.
  10. ^ Political History2-Spanish Regime, BOGO On Line.
  11. ^ “The Bogo Tree”(Garuga Floribunda), BOGO On Line.
  12. ^ The Bogo Tree, scientifically named “Garuga Floribunda”, posted by The Bogo Times.
  13. ^ a b c d e Government & Politics - Political History, BOGO On Line.
  14. ^ Philippine Daily Inquirer 2007.
  15. ^ Media ng Bayan 2013.
  16. ^ Philippine Star 2013.
  17. ^ Yolanda hits northern Cebu – CNN iReport, CNN News. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
  18. ^ Devastation in Northern Cebu, Philippines, Sunstar Daily. Retrieved on 2 January 2014.
  19. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  20. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  21. ^ "Province of Cebu". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2011-06-01. 
  23. ^ Nationwide and local holidays list, Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved on 2 January 2014.
  24. ^ NCC 2014.
  25. ^ Manila Standard 2013.
  26. ^ Republic Act No. 7160 of 10 October 1991 Local Government Code of 1991. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
  27. ^ Don Pedro Rodriguez-Grand Old Man of Bogo., Bogo On Line.
  28. ^ The Bogo City Hymn: A song that every true Bogohanon should know by the author Dante Mayor on 20 April 2010., Dante Mayor Post. Retrieved on 2 January 2014.
  29. ^ City of Bogo Official Website

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]