Bogo, Cebu

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Component City
City of Bogo
Map of Cebu with Bogo highlighted
Map of Cebu with Bogo highlighted
Bogo is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 11°02′N 124°00′E / 11.03°N 124°E / 11.03; 124Coordinates: 11°02′N 124°00′E / 11.03°N 124°E / 11.03; 124
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Cebu
District 4th district of Cebu
16 June 2007
Barangay 29 (see § Barangays)
 • Type Sangguniang Panlungsod
 • Mayor Carlo Martinez (LP)
 • Vice mayor Mayel Martinez
 • City Council
 • Total 103.52 km2 (39.97 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 78,120
 • Density 750/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
 • Voter (2016)[4] 48,290
Demonym(s) Bogohanon
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
IDD : area code +63 (0)32
Income class 6th class[a]
PSGC 072211000

Bogo (Filipino: Lungsod ng Bogo; Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Bogo;), officially the City of Bogo, and often referred to as Bogo City, established in 2007, is a sixth income class component city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 78,120.[3] In the 2016 election, it had 48,290 registered voters.[4]

Bogo is located in the northeastern coast of Cebu province, on the principal island of Cebu. It is 101 kilometres (63 mi) from Cebu City and is accessible by land and sea. Bogo has an area of 103.5 square kilometres (40.0 sq mi), which constitutes 2.3% of the area of Cebu island and 2.1% of the total land area of Cebu province. The city marches with: Medellin to the north, San Remigio to the west, and Tabogon to the south; on the east it is bound by Camotes Sea.[7][8]


Bogo comprises 29 barangays:[2]

  • Anonang Norte
  • Anonang Sur
  • Banban
  • Binabag
  • Bungtod (Pob.)
  • Carbon (Pob.)
  • Cayang
  • Cogon (Pob.)
  • Dakit
  • Don Pedro Rodriguez
  • Gairan
  • Guadalupe
  • LaPaz
  • La Purisima Concepcion (Pob.)
  • Libertad
  • Lourdes
  • Malingin
  • Marangog
  • Nailon
  • Odlot
  • Pandan (Pandan Heights)
  • Polambato
  • Sambag (Pob.)
  • San Vicente (Pob.)
  • Santo Niño
  • Santo Rosario (Pob.)
  • Siocon
  • Sudlonon
  • Taytayan


Population Census of Bogo City
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 51,083 —    
1995 57,509 +2.24%
2000 63,869 +2.27%
2007 69,123 +1.10%
2010 69,911 +0.41%
2015 78,120 +2.14%
Source: National Statistics Office[9][10]

In the 2016 election, it had 48,290 registered voters, meaning that 62% of the population are aged 18 and over.[4]


The year 1600 saw the founding of a real settlement which was subsequently transformed into a barangay with small huts made of cogon grass and bamboo, standing where the Bogo Central Extension now stands. While the barangay was then part of another community in the north (today's town of Daanbantayan), the natives enjoyed tacit freedom of self-rule although they continued to pay tributes and taxes to the chieftain of Daanbantayan. This barangay grew in prominence and for this reason, it was separated from Daanbantayan. In January 1850 the Bishop of Cebu, appointed Spanish friar Fr Jaime Micalot as the first parish priest of Bogo and decreed Saint Vincent Ferrer as the town's patron saint.[11][12][13]

The first mass was celebrated in the hastily built chapel on April 5, 1850, to coincide with the death anniversary of the patron saint. This chapel was later gutted by fire and a new stone church was constructed at the place where the Bogo Town Plaza is now located. About this time, the Spanish authorities in Bogo introduced civil government. Pedro Aballe became the first Cabeza de Barangay or mayor from 1864 to 1869.[14] Senator Pedro L. Rodriguez, popularly known as the Grand Old Man of Bogo named one of the oldest streets of the town after him.[11][12][13]

In those times, a cabeza de barangay took charge of the collection of tributes to support the encomienda system of Spain. Later the tribute was substituted by the "papelita" (cedula) which the individual paid in two installments annually. A taxpayer who could not afford to pay the cost of papelita in the amount of P1.50 was made to work on local projects at fifty centavos a week. Because of this, a good number of delinquent taxpayers escaped and hid in the mountain fastness of Bogo.[11][13]

Early historians aver that the town of Bogo derived its name from a lone bogo tree or Garuga floribunda,[15][16] which stood on the shore where now is Bogo wharf. Here the inhabitants met traders who sailed in loaded with goods to be sold or bartered.[13] Thus this spot became a rendezvous for traders and merchants as well as for nature-lovers and leisure-seekers. Some of these traders remained and married locals.[11][13]

A few years before the turn of the 20th century, eventful episodes took place in the town marked by fire and blood. The nationalistic fervor of the Katipuneros in Luzon fanned the flames of the resistant movement in Cebu. In Bogo, the younger kin of the Katipuneros, the so-called "Pulahans", exacted heavy tolls on the forces of the cazadores (guardia civil) (cf Caçadores) during fierce encounters near the outskirts of the town. Although the Pulahans were ill-armed, untrained and outnumbered at times, they nevertheless continued to hit back at the enemy.[11][12][17]

Success seemed almost within reach when in 1898 an American cavalry unit under Captain Rowan landed at Nailon point and proceeded to the poblacion where his troops assembled in front of the church. He was met by Pedro L. Rodriguez then presidente municipal of the town, and they soon sealed an agreement for the protection of the civilian populace of the town.[11][12][17]

World War II[edit]

Again in 1941, the Philippines, being a territory of the United States, became a battleground in an undeclared war between the invading Japanese Imperial Forces and the combined Filipino–American troops. After the surrender of the USAFFE many from Bogo refused to swear allegiance to the Japanese. They went into the hills and organized guerrilla warfare headed by disbanded officers of the constabulary and army units in the province.[11][12][17]

Cognizant of the anti-Japanese sentiment of this armed group who were determined to carry out harassment tactics against the occupation troops in northern Bogo, six Japanese seaplanes bombed the town of Bogo on the early morning of December 12, 1942. Several civilians were killed and many injured. In order to quell the seething rebellion, the Japanese military authorities in Cebu established a garrison in the town in a building now owned by the Northern Cebu Colleges. As a means to win the loyalty and support of the people of the town, a local puppet administration was established in Bogo under Japanese supervision, with Moises Lepatan appointed town mayor during the occupation.[11][12][17]

Liberation came in 1944, and civilian government soon restored. Former municipal secretary Perfecto Andrino was appointed first Mayor of Bogo by President Manuel Roxas in 1945. In the first election held after the war, Severo Verallo was elected with a considerable majority and appointed town mayor.[11][12][17]


Government center[edit]

The new Bogo City Hall was inaugurated on April 19, 2013 by President Benigno Aquino III.[26] On November 8, 2013, a powerful super typhoon Haiyan,[27][28] also known as Yolanda, badly hit northern Cebu, where Bogo City is located and not spared the widespread devastation. Typhoon Yolanda destroyed almost everything from infrastructure to agriculture, 90% left homeless and thirteen died in Bogo, among more than 6,000 fatalities in Central Philippines. City Hall was one of the structures damaged: its roof got ripped off, its windows broken and other parts of the building also affected and devastated.[29]

Fiestas and festivals[edit]

Piyesta sa Bogo

Bogo City celebrates two town fiestas in every year in honor of its patron saint, Saint Vincent Ferrer.[11]

  • 5 April is the official feast day or the death anniversary of San Vicente Ferrer. Many pilgrims around the world will come to venerate the patron saint and almost all activities in this fiesta are religious activities only.
  • 26 - 27 May considered the biggest town fiesta celebration where most visitors come to witness the events, which include the search for Ms Bogo Festival Queen and the celebration of the official festival of Bogo City, the Pintos Festival.[b] The Pintos Festival involves creative street dancing depicting the sangi (Planting) and thanksgiving of the abundant harvest and merrymaking through dancing the 'Kuyayang' – a Bogohanon courtship dance staged in front of the community during fiestas. Barangays all around Bogo join together to form fives cluster tribes.[30]
Bogo City Charter Day


Elementary schools[edit]

There are 27 elementary schools throughout the city:

  1. Anonang Norte Elementary School
  2. Anonang Sur Elementary School
  3. Araneta Learning Center (Bogo) - (Private preschool & elementary school)
  4. Banban Elementary School
  5. Binabag Elementary School
  6. Bogo Central School I
  7. Bogo Central School II
  8. Bogo Central School III (Gairan)
  9. Bogo Christian Learning & Development School - (Private preschool & elementary school)
  10. Bung-aw Elementary School
  11. Cayang Elementary School
  12. City of Bogo Science and Arts Academy ( Elementary & High School)
  13. Combado Elementary School
  14. Dakit Elementary School
  15. Don Pedro Rodriguez Elementary School
  16. Don Celestino Martinez Sr.Taytayan Integrated School(DCMSTIS)
  17. Guadalupe Elementary School
  18. La Paz Elementary School
  19. Libertad Elementary School
  20. Malingin Elementary School
  21. Marangog Elementary School
  22. Nailon Elementary School
  23. Odlot Elementary School
  24. Polambato Elementary School
  25. San Roque Child Development School (Private preschool & elementary school)
  26. Siocon Elementary School
  27. Taytayan Primary School

High schools[edit]

There are 13 high schools throughout the city:

  • Anonang Sur Tabacco Frasco National High School
  • Banban National High School
  • Binabag National High School
  • Bartolome C. Piañar Memorial National High School Odlot (Dakit)
  • Cayang National High School
  • City of Bogo Science and Arts Academy (Elementary and High School)
  • Don Celestino Martinez Sr. Taytayan Integrated School(DCMSTIS)
  • Don Potenciano Catarata Memorial National High School (Guadalupe)
  • La Paz National High School
  • Libertad National High School
  • Jovencio N. Masong National High School (Nailon)
  • Odlot National High School
  • San Roque Child Development School (Private Elementary and High School)


  • Cebu Roosevelt Memorial Colleges – (Elementary, High School and College)
  • Felipe R. Verallo Memorial Foundation College, Inc. – (Elementary, High School, and College)
  • Northern Cebu Colleges – (High School and College)
  • St. Louise de Marillac College (Holy Family Academy) – (High School and College)
  • Liahona Institute of Technology


Radio stations
Cable and TV stations
  • Bogo Cable TV, Inc.

Major TV networks based in Cebu City have signals in the city


National and local daily newspapers, tabloids and magazines are available in the city. The City of Bogo has its own quarterly official publication "KANAAS" (Gikan sa Amihanan – A Whisper from the North).[32]

City landmarks[edit]

  • The Archdiocesan Shrine of St. Vincent Ferrer
  • The Shrine of the Our Lady of the Miraculous Medal - Lapaz, Bogo City
  • Bogo City Hall
  • Capitancillo Islet
  • Bogo City Plaza Park
  • Bogo City Public Library and Museum

Notable Bogohanons[edit]

City hymn[edit]

The Bogo City council has passed an ordinance requiring all schools in Bogo to sing the Bogo Hymn in all flag-raising ceremonies and school programs just like the Philippine National Anthem, "Lupang Hinirang". Radio Stations based in Bogo are also required to play the hymn every sign-on and sign-off.[36] City legislation prohibits the alteration of the lyrics, tempo and tune in the rendition of Bogo hymn entitled "Padayon Bogo".[37]


  1. ^ City income for 2012 was ₱267 million,[5] but at 2008 prices this reduces to ₱230m, placing city in fourth class. Philippine Statistics Authority places city in 6th class.[6]
  2. ^ "Pintos" is a popular delicacy made from ground corn and wrapped in corn husk.


  1. ^ "City". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Municipal: Bogo, Cebu". PSA. Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  3. ^ a b PSA; Census of Population (2015), "Region VII (CENTRAL VISAYAS)", Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay, retrieved 20 June 2016 
  4. ^ a b c "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016. 
  5. ^ LGPMS
  6. ^ 072211000
  7. ^ “General Info. – The Land”, City of Bogo Official Website.
  8. ^ “Geography of Bogo”, BOGO On Line.
  9. ^ NSO; Census of Population and Housing (2010), "Region VII (CENTRAL VISAYAS)", Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay, retrieved 29 June 2016 
  10. ^ NSO; Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007), "Region VII (CENTRAL VISAYAS)", Total Population by Province, City and Municipality, archived from the original on 24 June 2011 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j “General Info. – History”, City of Bogo Official Website.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g The History of Bogo, BOGO On Line.
  13. ^ a b c d e Political History1-First Execs, BOGO On Line.
  14. ^ Political History2-Spanish Regime, BOGO On Line.
  15. ^ “The Bogo Tree”(Garuga Floribunda), BOGO On Line.
  16. ^ The Bogo Tree, scientifically named “Garuga Floribunda”, posted by The Bogo Times.
  17. ^ a b c d e Government & Politics - Political History, BOGO On Line.
  18. ^ Comelec affirms Bogo is now 6th city of Cebu., Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved on 2 January 2014.
  19. ^ Republic Act No. 9390 of 15 March 2007 Charter of the City of Bogo
  20. ^ G.R. No. 176951 et al. (First appeal) of 18 November 2008 Consolidated petitions for prohibition assailing the constitutionality of the subject Cityhood Laws and enjoining the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) and respondent municipalities from conducting plebiscites pursuant to the Cityhood Laws.
  21. ^ Napallacan, Jhunex (2008-11-21). "Cities' demotion worries DepEd execs". Cebu Daily News. Retrieved 15 February 2015. 
  22. ^ G.R. No. 176951 et al. (First reversal) of 21 December 2009
  23. ^ a b Republic Act No. 9009 of 24 February 2001 An Act amending section 450 of Republic Act no. 7160, otherwise known as the Local Government Code of 1991, by increasing the average annual income requirement for a municipality or cluster of barangays to be converted into a component city.
  24. ^ a b G.R. No. 176951 et al. (Second appeal) of 15 February 2011 League of Cities of the Philippines v. COMELEC
  25. ^ G.R. No. 176951 et al. (Final Resolution) of 28 June 2011 Supreme Court has directed the Clerk of Court to forthwith issue the Entry of Judgment
  26. ^ Media ng Bayan 2013.
  27. ^ Philippine Star 2013.
  28. ^ Yolanda hits northern Cebu – CNN iReport, CNN News. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
  29. ^ Devastation in Northern Cebu, Philippines, Sunstar Daily. Retrieved on 2 January 2014.
  30. ^
  31. ^ Nationwide and local holidays list, Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved on 2 January 2014.
  32. ^ NCC 2014.
  33. ^ Don Pedro Rodriguez-Grand Old Man of Bogo., Bogo On Line.
  34. ^ Manila Standard 2013.
  35. ^ Republic Act No. 7160 of 10 October 1991 Local Government Code of 1991. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
  36. ^ The Bogo City Hymn: A song that every true Bogohanon should know by the author Dante Mayor on 20 April 2010., Dante Mayor Post. Retrieved on 2 January 2014.
  37. ^ City of Bogo Official Website


External links[edit]