|City of Bogo|
Map of Cebu with Bogo highlighted
|Region||Central Visayas (Region VII)|
|District||4th district of Cebu|
16 June 2007
|• Type||Sangguniang Panlungsod|
|• Mayor||Carlo Martinez (LP)|
|• Vice mayor||Mayel Martinez|
|• City Council|
|• Representative||Benhur Salimbangon|
|• Total||103.52 km2 (39.97 sq mi)|
|Population (2015 census)|
|• Density||750/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|• Voter (2016)||48,290|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)32|
|Income class||6th class|
Bogo (Filipino: Lungsod ng Bogo; Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Bogo), officially the City of Bogo, and often referred to as Bogo City, established in 2007, is a 6th city income class component city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 78,120. In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 48,290 registered voters.
Bogo is located in the northeastern coast of Cebu province, on the principal island of Cebu. It is 101 kilometres (63 mi) from Cebu City and is accessible by land and sea. Bogo has an area of 103.5 square kilometres (40.0 sq mi), which constitutes 2.3% of the area of Cebu island and 2.1% of the total land area of Cebu province. The city marches with: Medellin to the north, San Remigio to the west, and Tabogon to the south; on the east it is bound by Camotes Sea.
The year 1600 saw the founding of a real settlement which was subsequently transformed into a barangay with small huts made of cogon grass and bamboo, standing where the Bogo Central Extension now stands. While the barangay was then part of another community in the north (today's town of Daanbantayan), the natives enjoyed tacit freedom of self-rule although they continued to pay tributes and taxes to the chieftain of Daanbantayan. This barangay grew in prominence and for this reason, it was separated from Daanbantayan. In January 1850 the Bishop of Cebu, appointed Spanish friar Fr Jaime Micalot as the first parish priest of Bogo and decreed Saint Vincent Ferrer as the town's patron saint.
The first mass was celebrated in the hastily built chapel on 5 April 1850, to coincide with the death anniversary of the patron saint. This chapel was later gutted by fire and a new stone church was constructed at the place where the Bogo Town Plaza is now located. About this time, the Spanish authorities in Bogo introduced civil government. Pedro Aballe became the first Cabeza de Barangay or mayor from 1864 to 1869. Senator Pedro L. Rodriguez, popularly known as the "Grand Old Man of Bogo" named one of the oldest streets of the town after him.
In those times, a cabeza de barangay took charge of the collection of tributes to support the encomienda system of Spain. Later the tribute was substituted by the "papelita" (cedula) which the individual paid in two installments annually. A taxpayer who could not afford to pay the cost of papelita in the amount of ₱1.50 was made to work on local projects at fifty centavos a week. Because of this, a good number of delinquent taxpayers escaped and hid in the mountain fastness of Bogo.
Early historians aver that the town of Bogo derived its name from a lone bogo tree or Garuga floribunda, which stood on the shore where now is Bogo wharf. Here the inhabitants met traders who sailed in loaded with goods to be sold or bartered. Thus this spot became a rendezvous for traders and merchants as well as for nature-lovers and leisure-seekers. Some of these traders remained and married locals.
A few years before the turn of the 20th century, eventful episodes took place in the town marked by fire and blood. The nationalistic fervor of the Katipuneros in Luzon fanned the flames of the resistant movement in Cebu. In Bogo, the younger kin of the Katipuneros, the so-called "Pulahans", exacted heavy tolls on the forces of the cazadores (guardia civil) (cf Caçadores) during fierce encounters near the outskirts of the town. Although the Pulahans were ill-armed, untrained and outnumbered at times, they nevertheless continued to hit back at the enemy.
Success seemed almost within reach when in 1898 an American cavalry unit under Captain Rowan landed at Nailon point and proceeded to the poblacion where his troops assembled in front of the church. He was met by Pedro L. Rodriguez then presidente municipal of the town, and they soon sealed an agreement for the protection of the civilian populace of the town.
World War II
Again in 1941, the Philippines, being a territory of the United States, became a battleground in an undeclared war between the invading Japanese Imperial Forces and the combined Filipino–American troops. After the surrender of the USAFFE many from Bogo refused to swear allegiance to the Japanese. They went into the hills and organized guerrilla warfare headed by disbanded officers of the constabulary and army units in the province.
Cognizant of the anti-Japanese sentiment of this armed group who were determined to carry out harassment tactics against the occupation troops in northern Bogo, six Japanese seaplanes bombed the town of Bogo on the early morning of 12 December 1942. Several civilians were killed and many injured. In order to quell the seething rebellion, the Japanese military authorities in Cebu established a garrison in the town in a building now owned by the Northern Cebu Colleges. As a means to win the loyalty and support of the people of the town, a local puppet administration was established in Bogo under Japanese supervision, with Moises Lepatan appointed town mayor during the occupation.
Liberation came in 1944, and civilian government soon restored. Former municipal secretary Perfecto Andrino was appointed first mayor of Bogo by President Manuel Roxas in 1945. In the first election held after the war, Severo Verallo was elected with a considerable majority and appointed town mayor.
The plebiscite for the cityhood of Bogo was held on 16 June 2007 in which 97.82% of voters of Bogo voted for cityhood. Former representative Clavel Asas-Martinez announced that the cityhood of Bogo has been ratified. It became the sixth component city of Cebu province.
The new Bogo City Hall was inaugurated on 19 April 2013 by President Benigno Aquino III. On 8 November 2013, a powerful super typhoon Haiyan, also known as Yolanda, badly hit northern Cebu, where Bogo City is located and not spared the widespread devastation. Typhoon Yolanda destroyed almost everything from infrastructure to agriculture, 90% left homeless and thirteen died in Bogo, among more than 6,000 fatalities in Central Philippines. City Hall was one of the structures damaged: its roof got ripped off, its windows broken and other parts of the building also affected and devastated.
Bogo comprises 29 barangays:
|072211010||Don Pedro Rodriguez||4.6%||3,563||3,395||0.92%|
|072211014||La Purisima Concepcion (Poblacion)||1.2%||931||958||−0.54%|
|072211021||Pandan (Pandan Heights)||2.3%||1,789||1,425||4.43%|
|072211024||San Vicente (Poblacion)||0.7%||525||675||−4.67%|
|072211026||Santo Rosario (Poblacion)||1.6%||1,287||914||6.73%|
|Population census of Bogo|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
Fiestas and festivals
- Piyesta sa Bogo
- 5 April is the official feast day or the death anniversary of San Vicente Ferrer. Many pilgrims around the world will come to venerate the patron saint and almost all activities in this fiesta are religious activities only.
- 26 - 27 May considered the biggest town fiesta celebration where most visitors come to witness the events, which include the search for Ms Bogo Festival Queen and the celebration of the official festival of Bogo City, the Pintos Festival.[a] The Pintos Festival involves creative street dancing depicting the sangi (Planting) and thanksgiving of the abundant harvest and merrymaking through dancing the 'Kuyayang' – a Bogohanon courtship dance staged in front of the community during fiestas. Barangays all around Bogo join together to form fives cluster tribes.
- Bogo City Charter Day
- 16 June.
- Cable and TV stations
- Bogo Cable TV, Inc.
Major TV networks based in Cebu City have signals in the city
National and local daily newspapers, tabloids and magazines are available in the city.
City of Bogo has its own quarterly official publication "KANAAS" (Gikan sa Amihanan – A Whisper from the North).
- The Archdiocesan Shrine of St. Vincent Ferrer
- The Shrine of the Our Lady of the Miraculous Medal - Lapaz, Bogo City
- Bogo City Hall
- Capitancillo Islet
- Bogo City Plaza Park
- Bogo City Public Library and Museum
- Gabriel "Flash" Elorde (1935-1985), professional boxer, world super featherweight champion.
- Marcelo Fernan (1927-1999), held the top position of the two branches of government of the Republic of the Philippines – as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines and then as President of the Senate of the Philippines.
- Celestino Martinez, authored "RA 7160 – The Local Government Code of the Philippines"
- Vina Morales (born Sharon Garcia Magdayao, 1975) singer, actress and model.
- Niel Murillo (born Orlando Murillo IV, 1999) singer, Pinoy Boyband Superstar winner, BoybandPH member.
- Pedro Rodríguez (1869-1932), known as the Grand Old Man of Bogo.
The Bogo City council has passed an ordinance requiring all schools in Bogo to sing the Bogo Hymn in all flag-raising ceremonies and school programs just like the Philippine National Anthem, "Lupang Hinirang". Radio Stations based in Bogo are also required to play the hymn every sign-on and sign-off. City legislation prohibits the alteration of the lyrics, tempo and tune in the rendition of Bogo hymn entitled "Padayon Bogo".
- "Pintos" is a popular delicacy made from ground corn and wrapped in corn husk.
- "City". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
- "Municipal: Bogo, Cebu". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016.
- “General Info. – The Land”, City of Bogo Official Website.
- “Geography of Bogo”, BOGO On Line.
- “General Info. – History”, City of Bogo Official Website.
- The History of Bogo[permanent dead link], BOGO On Line.
- Political History1-First Execs, BOGO On Line.
- Political History2-Spanish Regime, BOGO On Line.
- “The Bogo Tree”(Garuga Floribunda), BOGO On Line.
- The Bogo Tree, scientifically named “Garuga Floribunda”, posted by The Bogo Times.
- Government & Politics - Political History, BOGO On Line.
- Philippine Daily Inquirer 2007.
- Media ng Bayan 2013.
- Philippine Star 2013.
- Yolanda hits northern Cebu – CNN iReport, CNN News. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
- Devastation in Northern Cebu, Philippines, Sunstar Daily. Retrieved on 2 January 2014.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "Province of Cebu". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2011-06-01.
- Nationwide and local holidays list, Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved on 2 January 2014.
- NCC 2014.
- Manila Standard 2013.
- Republic Act No. 7160 (10 October 1991), Local Government Code of 1991 (PDF), retrieved 14 January 2015
- Don Pedro Rodriguez-Grand Old Man of Bogo., Bogo On Line.
- The Bogo City Hymn: A song that every true Bogohanon should know by the author Dante Mayor on 20 April 2010., Dante Mayor Post. Retrieved on 2 January 2014.
- City of Bogo Official Website
- Manila Standard Today, Ronnie Nathanielsz (8 September 2013). "Remembering one of the greatest The Flash Elorde story". Archived from the original on 4 November 2014. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
- Media ng Bayan, Eddie O Barrita (19 April 2013). "PNoy to campaign for local bets in Cebu on Friday, to open Bogo's P250M city hall". Archived from the original on 3 November 2013.
- NCC (1 April 2013). ""Kanaas" Gikan sa Amihanan". National Computer Center. Archived from the original on 17 December 2014.
- Philippine Daily Inquirer, Jolene Bulambot (18 June 2007). "Comelec affirms Bogo is now 6th city of Cebu". Archived from the original on 10 December 2014.
- Philippine Star, Louis Bacani (7 November 2013). "MONSTER TYPHOON GROWS STRONGER; 10 areas in Visayas under signal no.4". Archived from the original on 9 November 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bogo.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Bogo.|