Bogoslof Island

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Bogoslof Island
BogoslofIsland.jpg
Aerial view, looking south (1994)
Highest point
Elevation 492 ft (150 m) [1]
Coordinates 53°55′38″N 168°02′04″W / 53.92722°N 168.03444°W / 53.92722; -168.03444Coordinates: 53°55′38″N 168°02′04″W / 53.92722°N 168.03444°W / 53.92722; -168.03444[1]
Geography
Bogoslof Island is located in Alaska
Bogoslof Island
Alaska
Location Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Geology
Mountain type Submarine volcano[2]
Volcanic arc Aleutian Arc[2]
Last eruption Currently active
since December 20, 2016. Last eruption on March 7, 2017. [1]
Designated 1967

Bogoslof Island or Agasagook Island (Aleut: Aĝasaaĝux̂[3]) is the summit of a submarine stratovolcano located along the southern edge of the Bering Sea, 35 miles (56 km) northwest of Unalaska Island of the Aleutian Island chain. It has a land area of 242 acres (0.98 km2) and is uninhabited by people. The peak elevation of the island is 490 feet (150 m). It is 1,040 metres (3,410 ft) long and 1,512 metres (4,961 ft) wide. The stratovolcano rises about 6,000 feet (1,800 m) from the seabed but the summit is the only part that projects above sea level.[1]

The first known emergence of the island above sea level was recorded during an underwater eruption in 1796. Since then, parts of the island have been successively added and eroded.[4] About 2,000 feet (610 m) north west of Bogoslof a small volcanic dome emerged in 1883 from the same stratovolcano, this has become a stack rock formation known as Fire Island . On the southwest side of Bogoslof another dome erupted in 1796; it is now called Castle Rock. Other eruptions have occurred in 1796-1804, 1806-1823, 1883-1895, 1906, 1907, 1909-1910, 1926-1928, 1992, and 2016-2017.[1] The island is a breeding site for seabirds, seals, and sea lions. An estimated 90,000 tufted puffins, guillemots, red-legged kittiwakes and gulls nest here.

In 1909, President Theodore Roosevelt designated Bogoslof and Fire Island a sanctuary for sea lions and nesting marine birds. Together, as the Bogoslof Wilderness, they are currently part of the Aleutian Islands unit of Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge. In November 1967, Bogoslof Island was designated a National Natural Landmark by the National Park Service. The Bogoslof Island group was added to the National Wilderness Preservation System in 1970.

A series of short volcanic eruptions on a nearly daily basis took place starting December 20, 2016, producing towering volcanic ash clouds and volcanic lightning, changing the geography of the island. As there are no cameras or monitoring stations on the island and the area is usually overcast details were uncertain. However, when the weather became favorable, it was seen that a small vent slightly offshore of Bogoslof's northeast beach had erupted explosively, fracturing the original island in two, and forming a new, smaller island to the northeast.[5] Satellite images of the island showed that by December 25, 2016, the island had fractured into three smaller islands centered on what was thought to be the active vent of the eruption, gaining a net 1.2 acres (0.0049 km2), compared to its previous area of 71.2 acres (0.288 km2). Bogoslov continued to grow in the following weeks, reaching a size of 108.0 acres (0.437 km2) on January 11, 2017, and merging again into a single island. As of March 11, 2017, Bogoslov is 242 acres (0.98 km2) in size, having more than tripled in size, and forming into a large circular island around the central vent, and will likely continue to grow. A significant explosive eruption began at Bogoslof volcano at 02:08 UTC on 20 February (17:08 AKST on 19 February). Seismic and infrasound data show a series of short-lived explosive pulses through 02:45 UTC; seismicity has decreased slightly since then. Recent satellite images show a cloud as high as 25,000 ft asl.[6][7]

See also[edit]

A tufted puffin on Bogoslof Island
A fur seal colony on Bogoslof Island.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Bogoslof Description and Statistics". Alaska Volcano Observatory. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-09-01. 
  2. ^ a b "Bogoslof". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  3. ^ Bergsland, K. (1994). Aleut Dictionary. Fairbanks: Alaska Native Language Center. 
  4. ^ Nunn, Patrick D. (2009). Vanished Islands and Hidden Continents of the Pacific. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. p. 140. ISBN 978-0-8248-3219-3. 
  5. ^ "BOGOSLOF UPDATES". avo.alaska.edu. USGS. Retrieved December 30, 2016. 
  6. ^ https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/vhp/updates.html
  7. ^ Chaney, Eric. "Alaska Volcano Erupts 36 Times in 4 Months, Triples in Size". Weather Channel. Weather Channel. Retrieved 2017-03-23. 

External links[edit]