Boguchany Dam

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Boguchany Dam
Boguchany Dam is located in Russia
Boguchany Dam
Location of Boguchany Dam in Russia
Official nameБогучанская ГЭС
LocationKodinsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai
Coordinates58°41′41″N 99°08′56″E / 58.69472°N 99.14889°E / 58.69472; 99.14889Coordinates: 58°41′41″N 99°08′56″E / 58.69472°N 99.14889°E / 58.69472; 99.14889
Construction began1974
Opening date2012, complete 2015
Operator(s)RusHydro and Rusal
Dam and spillways
Type of damCombined gravity and rock-fill dam
ImpoundsAngara River
Height96 m (315 ft)
Length2,587 m (8,488 ft)
Width (crest)Rock-fill section:
20 m (66 ft)[1]
Width (base)Rock-fill section:
212 m (696 ft)[1]
Spillway typesurface-stepped and penstocks,
Spillway capacity11,078 m3/s (391,216 cu ft/s)
CreatesBoguchany Reservoir
Total capacity58.2 km3 (47,183,508 acre⋅ft) [2]
Active capacity2.31 km3 (1,872,747 acre⋅ft)
Catchment area831,000 km2 (320,851 sq mi)
Surface area2,326 km2 (898 sq mi)
Maximum water depth75 m (246 ft)
Power Station
Owner: RusHydro/Rusal
Commission date2012
Hydraulic head65.5 m (215 ft)
Turbines9 × 333 MW Francis-type
Installed capacity2,997 MW
Annual generation17.6 TWh

The Boguchany Dam (Russian: Богучанская ГЭС) is a large hydroelectric dam on the Angara River in Kodinsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. It has an installed capacity of 2,997 MW. Construction of the power plant was completed when a ninth and final generator was brought online in January 2015.[3]


One of the nine turbines of the dam.

Preparatory works for the dam started in 1974, with construction of roads and a support point at the Koda seasonal settlement.[4] The design was performed by Hydroproject in 1976.

Construction of the power station started in 1980 but was suspended in 1994 due to the lack of financing. Work on the project resumed in 2005 when RAO UES (then owner of RusHydro) and Rusal agreed to develop the project jointly.[5] Construction restarted in 2007.[6] The first turbine was dispatched in 2008.[7][8] The dam began to fill its reservoir in May 2012. The filling required relocating various small settlements and flooded the valleys of several tributaries, including the Koda river.[9]

By August 2012 the first two turbines were installed.[10] They later became operational on 15 October 2012. The third generator began operations later the same month and the fourth was commissioned on 13 January 2013.[11]


The Boguchany Dam is a 2,587 m (8,488 ft) long dam of combined type, which includes reinforced concrete 774 m (2,539 ft) long gravity segment for power station building and 1,813 m (5,948 ft) long rock-fill segment with asphaltene-concrete diaphragm throughout all its length. The dam was equipped with ship lock until 2010, later it was closed and its former location was included in concrete gravity section.[citation needed]

The power station consists of nine Francis turbines with a capacity of 333 MW each. It generates 17.6 TWh of electricity per year. Turbines are manufactured by Power Machines.[7] The power station is owned and operated by JSC Boguchanskaya GES, a joint venture of RusHydro and Rusal, who also built it.[12] Energy from the plant is partly used by the Boguchany Aluminium Smelter.


Main facilities of the dam are located on the Angara river, in Kodinsk gorge, 444 km upstream from the river mouth, and are surrounded by taiga. The Angara flows in latitudinal direction here, cutting through Cambrian and Ordovician sedimentary massif interspersed with diabase intrusions. The valley's width barely exceeds 1 mile here, with rocky asymmetric bluffs overhanging the riverstream. The region is potentially seismic, with up to 7 degrees MSK-64 earthquake chance (1 in 5000 years possible recurrence).[citation needed]

As it reaches the dam, The Angara's river basin area accounts for 831,000 km3. The river's supply is greatly dependent on the lake Baikal and superincumbent reservoirs of Irkutsk, Bratsk and Ust-Ilimsk dams. The Angara's discharge amounts to 16,210 m³/s.[citation needed]

The climatic conditions in the vicinity may be described as continental. Summers are short and warm, whilst winters are prolonged and severe. Annual average temperature ranges between −2,6 to −4,3 °С, with the average July high of +18,5 °С and the average January low of −27,4 °С.[citation needed]

Navigation conditions improvement[edit]

In 2012, the present design of all dams on the Angara river doesn't allow passage of any ships. Additionally the river was not navigable within the section between Boguchany Dam and Ust-Ilimsk Dam. After its completion in 2012-2013 the reservoir of the Boguchany Dam will be 375 km (233 mi) long and will reach Ust-Ilimsk Dam upstream. It will flood the last section of the Angara channel, which was inaccessible for safe navigation because of shallow rapids in the river.[citation needed]

The downstream part of the river has a shallow channel too and stays unavailable for large seaworthy ships. According to various sources related to this subject, there are plans to build additional dams in the lower part of Angara river or, according to original soviet plans, to build one large hydro power plant in Yenisei River below its join with Angara. The latter variant presumes construction of the largest hydro power plant in Russia with an annual production of over 40 TWh.[citation needed]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b (in Russian) Готовность каменно-набросной плотины Богучанской ГЭС по укладке асфальтобетона к вводу первой очереди станции достигла 100 процентов Archived 2011-08-09 at the Wayback Machine, PJSC RusHydro, 2010/10/05
  2. ^ Богучанская ГЭС: Предварительная социальная и экологическая оценка в рамках подготовки банковского ТЭО (PDF) (in Russian). Центр по экологической оценке «Эколайн», Москва, 2006. Retrieved 2012-02-15.
  3. ^ [1] Gigantic hydroelectric power station got handed over after 40 years
  4. ^ G. K. Sukhanov and M. I. Levitskii "Angara Sequence of Hydroelectric Stations". Gidrotekhlcheskoe Stroltel'stvo, volume 12, issue 4, pages 3-9. Translation by Plenum UDC 621.311.21(282.256.34). doi:10.1007/BF02304338
  5. ^ Kornysheva, Alena; Grib, Nataliya (2005-07-11). "Lords of the Stations". Kommersant. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
  6. ^ "UC RUSAL and HYDROOGK Commence Work on New Aluminium Smelter". AZo Journal of Materials Online. 2007-05-15. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
  7. ^ a b "Power Machines pushes ahead with Boguchanskaya, La Yesca units". International Water Power and Dam Construction. Progressive Media Markets Ltd. 2009-07-30. Archived from the original on 2011-06-14. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
  8. ^ "Power Machines Ships First Hydro Turbine for Installation at Boguchansk HPP". Datamonitor. RedOrbit, Inc. 2008-08-19. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
  9. ^ Andrzej Jagus and Martyna Rzetala (2013): "Environmental Consequences of the Construction of the Boguchany Dam – Present Change and Projections". Proc. 13th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference (SGEM 2013), volume I. doi:10.5593/SGEM2013/BE5.V1/S20.051
  10. ^ "Putin congratulates energy workers with inauguration of Boguchany HPP units". HydroWorld. 15 October 2012. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  11. ^ [2][permanent dead link]
  12. ^ Vasilyeva, Nataliya (2009-08-19). "13 dead, 61 feared dead in Siberia plant explosion". Associated Press. Retrieved 2009-08-20.

External links[edit]