Bogue-class escort carrier
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USS Bogue (CVE-9)
|Preceded by:||Long Island class|
|Succeeded by:||Sangamon class|
|Displacement:||16,620 long tons (16,890 t)|
|Draught:||26 ft (7.9 m)|
|Installed power:||8,500 shp (6,300 kW)|
|Speed:||18 kn (21 mph; 33 km/h)|
|Complement:||646, excluding air group|
|Aviation facilities:||2 × elevators|
The Bogue class were a class of escort carriers built in the United States for service with the U.S. Navy and (under lend-lease) the Royal Navy during World War II. Following the war, ten Bogue-class ships were kept in service by the U.S. Navy and were used for helicopter and aircraft transport operations.
The ships operated by the Royal Navy were renamed and grouped as the Attacker class and the Ruler class; the latter all having names of "Ruler"s. Following the war, those ships that served with the Royal Navy were returned to the United States and were either scrapped or converted for mercantile use.
The Bogue-class escort carriers were based on the Maritime Commission's Type C3 cargo ship hull. Most were built by the Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation, but some of the early examples were produced by Ingalls Shipbuilding of Pascagoula, Mississippi and by the Western Pipe and Steel Company of San Francisco, California. They all were named for sounds, and were equipped with derricks for retrieving seaplanes and loading and unloading aircraft.
These vessels were equipped with a variety of weapons, including one or two main guns of 4"/50 caliber, 5"/38 caliber or 5"/51 caliber, plus 40 mm Bofors and 20 mm Oerlikons. The type of main gun and number of smaller guns changed over the course of the war. They could carry as many as 28 aircraft operationally, or more if operating as an aircraft transport with additional aircraft secured to the flight deck.
The 10 remaining Bogue-class escort carriers in US service were re-designated as "helicopter escort carriers" (CVHE) in 1955 and five of these were re-designated as "utility escort carriers" (CVU) in 1958, then aircraft ferry (AKV) in 1958 and operating under US Maritime Sea Transportation Service (MSTS) during the Vietnam War.
Most of the ships of the class were transferred to the Royal Navy under the provisions of the Lend-Lease program; they were given new names for their RN service and returned to the U.S. Navy after the war. The first group to be transferred were known by the RN as the Attacker class; in their place replacements were constructed with the same names for the American fleet. A second group of ships were built and sent almost in its entirety to the Royal Navy, known as the Ameer or "Ruler" class in British service, and sometimes as the Prince William class in the U.S. Navy.
As delivered, these carriers required modifications to conform to Royal Naval standards and, for some ships, the initial works were done by Burrard Dry Dock at Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. These included extending the flight deck, fitting redesigned flying controls and fighter direction layout, modifications to the hangar, accommodation and store rooms, extra safety measures, oiling at sea arrangements, gunnery and other internal communications, extra wireless and radio facilities, ship black-out arrangements and other items deemed necessary for British service.
The consequential delays in getting these ships into active service caused critical comments from some in the U.S. Navy.
First group (USN Bogue / RN Attacker class)
|British name||Builder||Laid down||Launched||Commissioned||Decommissioned||Fate|
|CVE-6||Altamaha (ex-Mormacmail)||D18||Battler||Ingalls Shipbuilding||15 April 1941||4 April 1942||15 November 1942||12 February 1946||Returned to US, sold for scrap 14 May 1946|
|CVE-7||Barnes (ex-Steel Artisan)||D02||Attacker||Western Pipe and Steel Company||17 April 1941||27 September 1941||30 September 1942||5 January 1946||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use February 1947|
|CVE-8||Block Island (ex-Mormacpenn)||D80||Hunter (ex-Trailer)||Ingalls Shipbuilding||15 May 1941||22 May 1942||9 January 1943||29 December 1945||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use 17 January 1947|
|CVE-9||Bogue (ex-Steel Advocate)||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||1 October 1941||15 January 1942||26 September 1942||30 November 1946||Sold for scrapping 1960|
|CVE-10||Breton||D32||Chaser||Ingalls Shipbuilding||28 June 1941||15 February 1943||9 April 1943||12 May 1946||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use|
|CVE-11||Card||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||27 October 1941||27 February 1942||8 November 1942||13 May 1946||Converted to an aircraft transport as USNS Card, sold for scrapping in 1971|
|CVE-12||Copahee||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||18 June 1941||21 October 1941||15 June 1942||5 July 1946||Sold for scrapping 1961|
|CVE-13||Core||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||2 January 1942||15 May 1942||10 December 1942||4 October 1946||Sold for scrapping 1971|
|CVE-14||Croatan||D64||Fencer||Western Pipe and Steel Company||5 September 1941||4 April 1942||20 February 1943||21 December 1945||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use|
|CVE-15||Hamlin||D91||Stalker||Western Pipe and Steel Company||6 October 1941||5 March 1942||21 December 1942||29 December 1945||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use|
|CVE-16||Nassau||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||27 November 1941||4 April 1942||20 August 1942||28 October 1946||Sold for scrap 1961|
|CVE-17||St. George||D73||Pursuer||Ingalls Shipbuilding||31 July 1941||18 July 1942||14 June 1943||12 February 1946||Returned to US, sold for scrapping 1946|
|CVE-18||Altamaha||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||19 December 1941||22 May 1942||15 September 1942||27 September 1946||Sold for scrapping 1961|
|CVE-19||Prince William||D12||Striker||Western Pipe and Steel Company||15 December 1941||7 May 1942||18 May 1943||12 February 1946||Returned to US, sold for scrapping 1948|
|CVE-20||Barnes||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||19 January 1942||2 May 1942||20 February 1943||29 August 1946||Sold for scrapping 1960|
|CVE-21||Block Island||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||19 January 1942||1 May 1942||8 March 1943||n/a||Torpedoed by German submarine U-549, scuttled 29 May 1944|
|AVG-22||D40||Searcher||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||20 February 1942||20 June 1942||7 April 1943||29 November 1945||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use|
|CVE-23||Breton||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||25 February 1942||27 June 1942||12 April 1943||20 August 1946||Sold for scrapping 1972|
|unnumbered||D70||Ravager||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||11 April 1942||16 July 1942||25 April 1943||27 February 1946||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use|
|CVE-25||Croatan||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||15 April 1942||1 August 1942||28 April 1943||20 May 1946||Sold for scrapping 1971|
|BAVG-6||D24||Tracker||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||3 November 1941||7 March 1942||31 January 1943||2 November 1946||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use|
Second group (USN Bogue / RN Ameer or Ruler class)
General characteristics as the Attacker class, except for displacement and armament.
|British name||Builder||Laid down||Launched||Commissioned||Decommissioned||Fate|
|CVE-31||Prince William||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||18 May 1942||23 August 1942||9 April 1943||29 August 1946||Sold for scrapping, 1961|
|CVE-32||Chatham||D26||Slinger||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||25 May 1942||19 September 1942||11 August 1943||12 April 1946||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use|
|CVE-33||Glacier||D51||Atheling||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||9 June 1942||7 September 1942||28 October 1943||6 December 1946||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use|
|CVE-34||Pybus||D98||Emperor||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||23 June 1942||7 October 1942||6 August 1943||28 March 1946||Returned to US, sold for scrapping 1946|
|CVE-35||Baffins||D01||Ameer||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||18 July 1942||18 October 1942||20 July 1943||20 March 1946||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use|
|CVE-36||Bolinas||D38||Begum||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||3 August 1942||11 November 1942||2 August 1943||26 February 1946||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use|
|CVE-37||Bastian||D09||Trumpeter||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||25 August 1942||15 December 1942||4 August 1943||19 June 1946||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use|
|CVE-38||Carnegie||D42||Empress||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||9 September 1942||30 December 1942||12 August 1943||28 March 1946||Returned to US, sold for scrapping 1946|
|CVE-39||Cordova||D62||Khedive||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||22 September 1942||30 January 1943||25 August 1943||19 July 1946||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use|
|CVE-40||Delgada||D90||Speaker||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||9 October 1942||20 February 1943||20 November 1943||25 September 1946||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use|
|CVE-41||Edisto||D77||Nabob||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||20 October 1942||22 March 1943||7 September 1943||10 October 1944||Torpedoed by German submarine U-354, judged not worth repair. Later salvaged and sold for mercantile use.|
|CVE-42||Estero||D23||Premier||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||31 October 1942||22 March 1943||3 November 1943||21 May 1946||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use|
|CVE-43||Jamaica||D21||Shah||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||13 November 1942||21 April 1943||27 September 1943||7 February 1946||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use|
|CVE-44||Keweenaw||D07||Patroller||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||27 November 1942||6 May 1943||25 October 1943||7 February 1947||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use|
|CVE-45||Prince||D10||Rajah||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||17 December 1942||18 May 1943||17 January 1944||7 February 1947||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use|
|CVE-46||Niantic||D03||Ranee||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||5 January 1943||2 June 1943||8 November 1943||22 January 1947||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use|
|CVE-47||Perdido||D85||Trouncer||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||1 February 1943||16 June 1943||31 January 1944||12 April 1946||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use|
|CVE-48||Sunset||D48||Thane||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||23 February 1943||15 July 1943||19 November 1943||1945||Torpedoed by German submarine U-1172, declared a total loss and sold for scrap.|
|CVE-49||St. Andrews||D19||Queen||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||12 March 1943||2 August 1943||7 December 1943||1946||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use|
|CVE-50||St. Joseph||D72||Ruler||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||25 March 1943||21 August 1943||22 December 1943||29 January 1946||Returned to US, sold for scrapping 1946|
|CVE-51||St. Simon||D31||Arbiter||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||26 April 1943||9 September 1943||31 December 1943||12 April 1946||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use|
|CVE-52||Vermillion||D55||Smiter||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||10 May 1943||27 September 1943||20 January 1944||6 May 1946||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use|
|CVE-53||Willapa||D79||Puncher||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||21 May 1943||8 November 1943||5 February 1944||16 February 1946||Returned to US, sold for mercantile use|
|CVE-54||Winjah||D82||Reaper||Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation||5 June 1943||22 November 1943||18 February 1944||2 July 1946||Used for captured aircraft transport after May 1945,|
then returned to US, sold for mercantile use.
- List of ships of the Second World War
- List of ship classes of the Second World War
- List of aircraft carriers of the Second World War
- List of aircraft carriers
- Relly & Florian Petrescu The Aviation History (2012) Books on Demand GmbH, Norderstedt p.196
- Paul Fontenoy Aircraft Carriers: An Illustrated History of Their Impact (2006) ABC-CLIO, Inc, Santa Barbara p.286
- F. Jane, M. Prendergast, & O.Parkes Jane's Fighting Ships (1691) Jane's Publishing Company Limited p.320
- David Wragg The Escort Carrier in the Second World War: Combustible, Vulnerable, Expendable! (1980) Pen & Sword Maritime, Barnsley, S. Yorkshire p.192
- Conway Maritime Press Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1922-1946 (2005) Naval Institute Press p.108
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