Bogue-class escort carrier

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USS Bogue ACV-9.jpg
USS Bogue (CVE-9)
Class overview
Name: Bogue class
Builders:
Operators:
Preceded by: Long Island class
Succeeded by: Sangamon class
Subclasses:
In commission: 1942–1946
Completed: 45
General characteristics
Type: Escort carrier
Displacement: 16,620 long tons (16,890 t)
Length:
  • 496 ft (151 m);
  • flight deck: 439 ft (134 m)
Beam:
  • 69 ft 6 in (21.18 m);
  • flight deck: 70 ft (21 m)
Draught: 26 ft (7.9 m)
Installed power: 8,500 shp (6,300 kW)
Propulsion:
Speed: 18 kn (21 mph; 33 km/h)
Complement: 646, excluding air group
Armament:
Aircraft carried:
Aviation facilities: 2 × elevators

The Bogue class were a class of escort carriers built in the United States for service with the U.S. Navy and (under lend-lease) the Royal Navy during World War II. Following the war, ten Bogue-class ships were kept in service by the U.S. Navy and were used for helicopter and aircraft transport operations.

The ships operated by the Royal Navy were renamed and grouped as the Attacker class and the Ruler class; the latter all having names of "Ruler"s. Following the war, those ships that served with the Royal Navy were returned to the United States and were either scrapped or converted for mercantile use.

Origins[edit]

The Bogue-class escort carriers were based on the Maritime Commission's Type C3 cargo ship hull.[1] Most were built by the Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation, but some of the early examples were produced by Ingalls Shipbuilding of Pascagoula, Mississippi and by the Western Pipe and Steel Company of San Francisco, California.[2] They all were named for sounds, and were equipped with derricks for retrieving seaplanes and loading and unloading aircraft.[3]

These vessels were equipped with a variety of weapons, including one or two main guns of 4-inch/50 caliber,[4] 5-inch /38 caliber, or 5-inch /51 caliber plus 40 mm Bofors and 20 mm Oerlikons. The type of main gun and number of smaller guns changed over the course of the war. They could carry as many as 28 aircraft operationally, or more if operating as an aircraft transport with additional aircraft secured to the flight deck.[5]

The 10 remaining Bogue-class escort carriers in US service were re-designated helicopter escort carriers (CVHE) in 1955 and 5 of these were re-designated utility escort carriers (CVU) in 1958, then aircraft ferry (AKV) in 1958 and operating under US Maritime Sea Transportation Service (MSTS) during the Vietnam War.[4]

Transfer to the Royal Navy[edit]

Most of the ships of the class were transferred to the Royal Navy under the provisions of the Lend-Lease program; they were given new names for their RN service and returned to the U.S. Navy after the war. The first group to be transferred were known by the RN as the Attacker class; in their place replacements were constructed with the same names for the American fleet. A second group of ships were built and sent almost in its entirety to the Royal Navy, known as the Ameer or Ruler class in British service, and sometimes as the Prince William class in the U.S. Navy.

As delivered, these carriers required modifications to conform to Royal Naval standards and, for some ships, the initial works were done by Burrard Dry Dock at Vancouver, Canada. These included extending the flight deck, fitting redesigned flying controls and fighter direction layout, modifications to hangar, accommodation and store rooms, extra safety measures, oiling at sea arrangements, gunnery and other internal communications, extra wireless and radio facilities, ship black-out arrangements and other items deemed necessary for British service.

The consequential delays in getting these ships into active service caused critical comments from some in the U.S. Navy.

Ships[edit]

First group (USN Bogue / RN Attacker class)[edit]

Bogue class / Attacker class
Number US name Number British name Builder Laid down Launched Commissioned Decommissioned Fate
CVE-6 Altamaha D18 Battler Ingalls Shipbuilding 15 April 1941 4 April 1942 15 November 1942 12 February 1946 Returned to US, sold for scrap 14 May 1946
CVE-7 Barnes D02 Attacker Western Pipe and Steel Company 17 April 1941 27 September 1941 30 September 1942 5 January 1946 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use February 1947
CVE-8 Block Island (ex-Mormacpenn) D80 Hunter (ex-Trailer) Ingalls Shipbuilding 15 May 1941 22 May 1942 9 January 1943 29 December 1945 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use 17 January 1947
CVE-9 Bogue Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 1 October 1941 15 January 1942 26 September 1942 30 November 1946 Sold for scrapping 1960
CVE-10 Breton D32 Chaser Ingalls Shipbuilding 28 June 1941 15 February 1943 9 April 1943 12 May 1946 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use
CVE-11 Card Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 27 October 1941 27 February 1942 8 November 1942 13 May 1946 Converted to an aircraft transport as USNS Card, sold for scrapping in 1971
CVE-12 Copahee Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 18 June 1941 21 October 1941 15 June 1942 5 July 1946 Sold for scrapping 1961
CVE-13 Core Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 2 January 1942 15 May 1942 10 December 1942 4 October 1946 Sold for scrapping 1971
CVE-14 Croatan D64 Fencer Western Pipe and Steel Company 5 September 1941 4 April 1942 20 February 1943 21 December 1945 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use
CVE-15 Hamlin D91 Stalker Western Pipe and Steel Company 6 October 1941 5 March 1942 21 December 1942 29 December 1945 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use
CVE-16 Nassau Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 27 November 1941 4 April 1942 20 August 1942 28 October 1946 Sold for scrap 1961
CVE-17 St. George D73 Pursuer Ingalls Shipbuilding 31 July 1941 18 July 1942 14 June 1943 12 February 1946 Returned to US, sold for scrapping 1946
CVE-18 Altamaha Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 19 December 1941 22 May 1942 15 September 1942 27 September 1946 Sold for scrapping 1961
CVE-19 Prince William D12 Striker Western Pipe and Steel Company 15 December 1941 7 May 1942 18 May 1943 12 February 1946 Returned to US, sold for scrapping 1948
CVE-20 Barnes Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 19 January 1942 2 May 1942 20 February 1943 29 August 1946 Sold for scrapping 1960
CVE-21 Block Island Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 19 January 1942 1 May 1942 8 March 1943 N/A Torpedoed by German submarine U-549, scuttled 29 May 1944
AVG-22 D40 Searcher Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 20 February 1942 20 June 1942 7 April 1943 29 November 1945 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use
CVE-23 Breton Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 25 February 1942 27 June 1942 12 April 1943 20 August 1946 Sold for scrapping 1972
unnumbered D70 Ravager Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 11 April 1942 16 July 1942 25 April 1943 27 February 1946 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use
CVE-25 Croatan Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 15 April 1942 1 August 1942 28 April 1943 20 May 1946 Sold for scrapping 1971
BAVG-6 D24 Tracker Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 3 November 1941 7 March 1942 31 January 1943 2 November 1946 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use

Second group (USN Bogue / RN Ameer or Ruler class)[edit]

General characteristics as the Attacker class, except for displacement and armament.

Bogue class / Ameer or Ruler class
Number US name Number British name Builder Laid down Launched Commissioned Decommissioned Fate
CVE-31 Prince William Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 18 May 1942 23 August 1942 9 April 1943 29 August 1946 Sold for scrapping, 1961
CVE-32 Chatham D26 Slinger Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 25 May 1942 19 September 1942 11 August 1943 12 April 1946 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use
CVE-33 Glacier D51 Atheling Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 9 June 1942 7 September 1942 28 October 1943 6 December 1946 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use
CVE-34 Pybus D98 Emperor Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 23 June 1942 7 October 1942 6 August 1943 28 March 1946 Returned to US, sold for scrapping 1946
CVE-35 Baffins D01 Ameer Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 18 July 1942 18 October 1942 20 July 1943 20 March 1946 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use
CVE-36 Bolinas D38 Begum Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 3 August 1942 11 November 1942 2 August 1943 26 February 1946 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use
CVE-37 Bastian D09 Trumpeter Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 25 August 1942 15 December 1942 4 August 1943 19 June 1946 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use
CVE-38 Carnegie D42 Empress Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 9 September 1942 30 December 1942 12 August 1943 28 March 1946 Returned to US, sold for scrapping 1946
CVE-39 Cordova D62 Khedive Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 22 September 1942 30 January 1943 25 August 1943 19 July 1946 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use
CVE-40 Delgada D90 Speaker Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 9 October 1942 20 February 1943 20 November 1943 25 September 1946 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use
CVE-41 Edisto D77 Nabob Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 20 October 1942 22 March 1943 7 September 1943 10 October 1944 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use
CVE-42 Estero D23 Premier Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 31 October 1942 22 March 1943 3 November 1943 21 May 1946 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use
CVE-43 Jamaica D21 Shah Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 13 November 1942 21 April 1943 27 September 1943 7 February 1946 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use
CVE-44 Keweenaw D07 Patroller Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 27 November 1942 6 May 1943 25 October 1943 7 February 1947 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use
CVE-45 Prince D10 Rajah Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 17 December 1942 18 May 1943 17 January 1944 7 February 1947 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use
CVE-46 Niantic D03 Ranee Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 5 January 1943 2 June 1943 8 November 1943 22 January 1947 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use
CVE-47 Perdido D85 Trouncer Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 1 February 1943 16 June 1943 31 January 1944 12 April 1946 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use
CVE-48 Sunset D48 Thane Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 23 February 1943 15 July 1943 19 November 1943 1945 Returned to US, sold for scrapping 1945
CVE-49 St. Andrews D19 Queen Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 12 March 1943 2 August 1943 7 December 1943 1946 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use
CVE-50 St. Joseph D72 Ruler Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 25 March 1943 21 August 1943 22 December 1943 29 January 1946 Returned to US, sold for scrapping 1946
CVE-51 St. Simon D31 Arbiter Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 26 April 1943 9 September 1943 31 December 1943 12 April 1946 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use
CVE-52 Vermillion D55 Smiter Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 10 May 1943 27 September 1943 20 January 1944 6 May 1946 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use
CVE-53 Willapa D79 Puncher Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 21 May 1943 8 November 1943 5 February 1944 16 February 1946 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use
CVE-54 Winjah D82 Reaper Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation 5 June 1943 22 November 1943 18 February 1944 2 July 1946 Returned to US, sold for mercantile use

References[edit]

  1. ^ Relly & Florian Petrescu The Aviation History (2012) Books on Demand GmbH, Norderstedt p.196
  2. ^ Paul Fontenoy Aircraft Carriers: An Illustrated History of Their Impact (2006) ABC-CLIO, Inc, Santa Barbara p.286
  3. ^ F. Jane, M. Prendergast, & O.Parkes Jane's Fighting Ships (1691) Jane's Publishing Company Limited p.320
  4. ^ a b David Wragg The Escort Carrier in the Second World War: Combustible, Vulnerable, Expendable! (1980) Pen & Sword Maritime, Barnsley, S. Yorkshire p.192
  5. ^ Conway Maritime Press Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1922-1946 (2005) Naval Institute Press p.108

See Also[edit]

External links[edit]