Bohemian National Cemetery (Chicago, Illinois)
Bohemian National Cemetery
Entrance to Bohemian National Cemetery
|NRHP Reference #||06000374|
|Added to NRHP||2006|
The cemetery was established by members of Chicago's Czech community in 1877. The community had been outraged when a Czech Catholic woman named Marie Silhanek was denied burial at several Catholic cemeteries in Chicago because she supposedly never made her Easter Duty (going to confession and Holy Communion at least once during the Easter season), which is incumbent on all Catholics, even today. In response, the Czechs purchased land in what was then Jefferson Township to create a cemetery that would be under their control. The original plot of land was 50 acres (200,000 m2). Over the years, the cemetery expanded to 126 acres (0.51 km2).
Bohemian National Cemetery is known for its limestone gatehouse and its highly decorated columbarium niches, which contain photographs, artwork, flags, and other mementos of the individuals whose ashes are stored there. Czech-American military veterans are honored through an American Civil War memorial, a Spanish–American War memorial, and a World Wars memorial, which were dedicated in 1889, 1926, and 1952, respectively. The cemetery also boasts two sculptures by Albin Polasek, who headed the sculpture department at the Art Institute of Chicago. They are called Mother and Pilgrim.
- Victims of the SS Eastland shipwreck (1915).
- Anton Cermak, Chicago mayor assassinated in 1933.
- Otto Kerner, Sr., judge and former Illinois Attorney General.
- Elsie Paroubek, a five-year-old kidnapping and murder victim whose story and photo in the Chicago Daily News inspired Henry Darger's novel The Story of the Vivian Girls.
- Charles J. Vopicka, U.S. ambassador to several eastern European countries.
Chicago Cubs columbarium
In 2009, the cemetery added a columbarium specially dedicated to Chicago Cubs fans. The structure is a replica of Wrigley Field's red brick wall, with a stained glass image of the stadium's scoreboard and a yellow 400 foot (120 m) marker. The wall contains 288 niches, and seats from Wrigley Field have been placed along its base. A Cubs fan named Dennis Mascari helped raise funds for the project in hopes of making visits to the cemetery less depressing. The cemetery agreed to let him build the columbarium on their grounds, but nixed a plan to broadcast Cubs games through a nearby speaker. The Cubs themselves were not directly involved with the project; Mascari worked with Eternal Images, which makes baseball-themed funerary products.
- Illinois–Cook County. National Register of Historic Places. Retrieved on January 25, 2010.
- Matte Hucke and Ursula Bielski. Graveyards of Chicago. Lake Claremont Press, 1999. 53-62.
- Richert, Scoot. ""What is the Easter Duty in Roman Catholicism?"". about.com.Catholicism.
- Brenda Warner Rotzoll. "Offbeat Chicago - Outrage led to Bohemian cemetery". Chicago Sun-Times. December 8, 1996. 30.
- "Mark Bohemian cemetery's 75 years Sunday". Chicago Tribune. September 18, 1952. W_A6.
- Hilary Shenfeld. "Top dog's back; And 'U.S. Marshals' is pumped with Snipes and Downey signing on". Daily Herald. March 6, 1998. 25.
- Angela Caputo. "Landmark status sought for Bohemian cemetery". Chicago Sun-Times. March 15, 2006. 24.
- Emily S. Achenbaum. "Mother's Day tribute puts a favorite statue in spotlight". Chicago Tribune. May 12, 2008. 3.
- "Judge Kerner rites attended by legal heads". Chicago Tribune. December 18, 1952. B4.
- "Eight Little Girls Bear Slain Playmate's Body to Grave". Chicago Examiner. May 12, 1911. 2.
- Gavin McNett. "'Henry Darger: In the Realms of the Unreal' by John M. MacGregor" (review). Salon. July 23, 2002. Retrieved on June 25, 2012.
- "Throngs attend burial rites for Chas. J. Vopicka". Chicago Tribune. September 8, 1935. 22.
- Wayne Drehs. "For some fans, Cubs are an undying love". ESPN Chicago. April 23, 2009. Retrieved on January 25, 2010.