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Temporal range: Paleocene to recent
Boa constrictor (2).jpg
Boa constrictor, Boa constrictor
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Boidae
Subfamily: Boinae
Gray, 1825
  • Boina - Gray, 1825
  • Aproterodontes - A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844
  • Boaeides - A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844
  • Boinae - Boulenger, 1890[1]

The Boinae are a subfamily of boas found in Central and South America as well as the West Indies.[1] Four genera comprising 24 species are currently recognized.[2]


Subfamily Boinae -- 5 genera
Genus[2] Taxon author[2] Species[2] Subsp.*[2] Common name[2] Geographic range[1]
BoaT Linnaeus, 1758 1 9 Boas Mexico, Central America and South America
Corallus Daudin, 1803 8 2 Neotropical tree boas Central America, South America and the West Indies: In Central America, they occur in Honduras, eastern Guatemala through Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. Its range in South America includes Pacific Colombia and Ecuador, as well as the Amazon Basin from Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and northern Bolivia through Brazil to Venezuela, Isla Margarita, Trinidad, Tobago, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana. In the West Indies, it is found on St. Vincent, the Grenadines (Bequia Island, Ile Quatre, Baliceaux, Mustique, Canouan, Maryeau, Union Island, Petit Martinique and Carriacou), Grenada, and the Windward Islands (Lesser Antilles).
Epicrates Wagler, 1830 11 21 Rainbow boas Lower Central America through South America as far south as Argentina, as well as in the West Indies
Eunectes Wagler, 1830 4 1 Anacondas Tropical South America from Colombia and Venezuela south to Argentina
Titanoboa Head et al., 2009 1 0 N/A Fossils of 28 individuals were found in the Cerrejon Formation in Colombia, dating back to the Paleocene epoch of the Paleogene period, 60-58 Mya

*) Not including the nominate subspecies.
T) Type genus.[1]


The genera Acrantophis and Sanzinia were erroneously synonymized with the genus Boa by Kluge in 1991.[3] These have now been transferred to the resurrected subfamily Sanziniinae.[4][5] The genus Candoia has similarly been transferred to its own subfamily, Candoiinae.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Boinae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 8 July 2008. 
  3. ^ Kluge, A.G. (1991). "Boine Snake Phylogeny and Research Cycles". Miscellaneous Publications of the Museum of Zoology, Univ. of Michigan. 178. 
  4. ^ Reynolds, R.G.; Niemiller, M.L.; Revell, L.J. (2014). "Toward a Tree-of-Life for the boas and pythons: Multilocus species-level phylogeny with unprecedented taxon sampling". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 71: 201–213. PMID 24315866. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.11.011. 
  5. ^ a b Pyron, R.A.; Burbrink, F.T.; Wiens, J.J. (2013). "A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 13 (1): 1–53. PMC 3682911Freely accessible. PMID 23627680. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-13-93. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Kluge AG. 1991. Boine Snake Phylogeny and Research Cycles. Misc. Pub. Museum of Zoology, Univ. of Michigan No. 178. PDF at University of Michigan Library. Accessed 8 July 2008.

External links[edit]