Boisar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Boisar (बोईसर)
Industrial Town in Mumbai,Maharashtra
Clockwise from top: Boisar Railway Station, Tarapur Atomic Power Station (T.A.P.S.), T.A.P.S Colony, BARC Colony,Tarapur Fort, Surya Dam, Nandgaon Beach and M.S.E.T.C.L Switch Yard.
Official logo of Boisar (बोईसर)
Mumbai Metropolitan Region(MMR) October–December 2015 Report[1]
Nickname(s): 
Gateway of India's first nuclear power plant, Home of Largest Maharashtra's Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC).
Boisar (बोईसर) is located in Maharashtra
Boisar (बोईसर)
Boisar (बोईसर)
Location of Boisar in Maharashtra
Boisar (बोईसर) is located in India
Boisar (बोईसर)
Boisar (बोईसर)
Boisar (बोईसर) (India)
Boisar (बोईसर) is located in Asia
Boisar (बोईसर)
Boisar (बोईसर)
Boisar (बोईसर) (Asia)
Coordinates: 19°48′13″N 72°45′22″E / 19.8036°N 72.756°E / 19.8036; 72.756Coordinates: 19°48′13″N 72°45′22″E / 19.8036°N 72.756°E / 19.8036; 72.756
CountryIndia India
State Maharashtra
DivisionKonkan
DistrictPalghar(EarlierThane)
TehsilPalghar
Government
 • TypeState Govt, Municipal Council
 • BodyPalghar Municipal Council (PMC)
 •  Lok Sabha ConstituencyPalghar
 • MP(खासदार)Rajendra Gavit(Shiv Sena)
 •  Vidhan Sabha Constituency Boisar
 • MLA(आमदार)Rajesh Raghunath Patil(Bahujan Vikas Aaghadi)
 • TehsildarMaheyssh Sagar
Area
 • Total8.90 km2 (3.44 sq mi)
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total36,151
 • Density4,100/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Boisarkar,Boisarean,Boisary
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PINs
400 501 to 400 506
Area code(s)+91-2525
ISO 3166 codeIN-MH
Vehicle registrationMH-48
Official language Marathi
Other LanguagesHindi, English
Local Newshttps://www.tarapurmitra.com Boisar Tarapur Mitra
UN/LOCODEIN BOM BOR

Boisar is the largest industrial suburb in Mumbai Metropolitan Region of the Indian state of Maharashtra and adjacent to Gujarat state. It was earlier a part of Thane district and now comes under newly form Palghar district. It is approximately 85 kilometers away from state capital Mumbai and 98 kilometers from union territory Daman.

Boisar is governed by Palghar Municipal Council(PMC). It is home to the largest Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC).

Boisar is gateway of India's first nuclear power station i.e. Tarapur Atomic Power Station (TAPS). It is the name of railway station in Western Railway of Indian Railways as well as Mumbai Suburban Railway. India's first bullet train project i.e. Mumbai–Ahmedabad high-speed rail corridor will be having halt at Boisar.

Boisar is a popular weekend spot for tourists and locals due to nearby beaches,forts and lakes. The place has seen rapid development due to following reasons:

Demonym[edit]

A resident of Boisar is called as Boisarkar,Boisarean and Boisary in Marathi, in which the suffix 'kar','ean' and 'y' means 'resident of'. The resident of Boisar inside and outside of Maharashtra state as well as outside of India refer to themselves as from Mumbai because Boisar being located within the Mumbai Metropolitan Region of Maharashtra and Mumbai's international recognition.

History[edit]

Boisar was part of Rashtrakuta dynasty which had ruled the Deccan plateau between the 8th and 10th centuries. It was also under rule of Ahmadnagar (1521–1594), Portuguese Empire (1594), Maratha Empire (1739–1818), East India Company (1818–1857) and British Raj (1857–1947). There are some nearby forts to city namely Asava Fort (11km), Tarapur Fort (11 km),Kaldurg Fort(17km), Shirgaon Fort (18km), Mahim Fort (20km) and Asheri Fort (25km) which witnessed history of city.Maan/Mann area represents East Indian Catholic community in present Boisar.

The city is embedded with forts which shows existence of city in history.
(Note:Fort distance is calculated from Boisar Railway Station)
Boisar city & Boisar Railway station in 1896.(copied map image from the Wikipedia page at Thane District)

Boisar was initially inhabited by the Kolis and Konkanis who were fishermen and used to live near the Arabian Sea coast. The Kolis are traditional fishermen who speaks different dialect of Marathi.

Present Vanjari[5] community of Boisar was part of Indus Valley Civilization and had their roots in Chittorgarh, Rajasthan. In the 15th century they served as a main grain trader, supplier and salesman in the Mughal army of Alauddin Khalji. They migrated to the present 'Murbe' port (Earlier 'Moradi') for trading in Boisar because the British started the railway in 1853 and the grain trade was stopped. Their language is quite distinct from standard Marathi as it has high influence of Rajasthani and Gujarati.

Vadval community is situated in Boisar,Tarapur. They are said to be the descendants of Yadava dynasty of Devagiri who escaped from the Muslims and established themselves here. They form one of the very few Marathi-speaking communities which belong to Kshatriya varna but not the traditional 96-clan Maratha caste.

Boisar was town in Bombay state between 18th to 19th century. It was also city in Thane district after independence of India. Palghar is current district of Boisar from 1 August 2014.

Geography[edit]

Boisar encompasses an area of 8.90 km2 (3.44 sq mi). It is located at 19° 48' 13N 72° 45' 22E [2] and has an average Altitude of 45ft [2] at the base of the eastern slopes of the Sahyadri. Boisar is a part of the coastal country known as the Konkan with the Arabian Sea forming its western coast,keeping a distance of about 7.21km (4.48 in miles) from the shores. It is closed to neighboring city of Maharashtra,Gujarat and Daman. People in and around Boisar extensively use Marathi as a medium of language.

Hydrography[edit]

The two main rivers flowing through the city are the Surya and the Banganga (which has Betegaon Railway Bridge).Many small creeks are found all along the western coast villeges like Kolwade,Kumbhavali and Murbe where tidal waters flood upstream and fill up much low ground. There are scenic dams such as Surya Dam(22Km)and Devkhop dam(17km) near to city.

Surya Dam(22km)
Banganga River
Devkhop Dam(17Km)
Surya River

Boisar has no natural lakes but it has several artificial lakes. The Babule Lake[6] (15km) and Navale Lake[7] (14km) near to city are famous for spectacular lotus bloom in winter. As per the locals, the perfect time to see the pink lotuses in full blooming is in the morning from 6 am to around midday with variety of fish, birds, wildlife and aquatic plants.

Babule Lake(15km)
Navale Lake(14km)

Kokner/Kokaner(25km) [8][9] hot water spring on the banks on River Surya and the water looks murky greenish brown may be due to sulphur & chemical deposition from the springs itself.

Kokaner Hot Water Spring(25km)

Pedology[edit]

Basalt[10] and medium deep grayish black soil[10] are found in the hill area and deep black soils[10] are found in the basins of Surya river. Coastal saline soil[10] occurs along the Arabian Sea.Other than Basalt, minor mineral like Murrum[11] and ordinary earth occurs in the city.

Climate[edit]

As per Köppen-Geiger system ,The climate of Boisar is tropical, very humid and warm because of the western coastal plains.The city experiences 3 main seasons and 1 transitional season.They are:

  1. Winter Season (December to February).
  2. Summer Season (March to June).
  3. Monsoon Season (June to September).
  4. Post Monsoon Season / Autumn ( October and November) : Hot and humid in the coastal areas.
Climate data for Boisar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.1
(82.6)
28.6
(83.5)
30.7
(87.3)
32.3
(90.1)
33.1
(91.6)
31.9
(89.4)
29.7
(85.5)
29.2
(84.6)
29.7
(85.5)
32
(90)
31.9
(89.4)
29.9
(85.8)
31.7
(89.1)
Average low °C (°F) 17.1
(62.8)
17.8
(64.0)
21.1
(70.0)
23.9
(75.0)
26.6
(79.9)
26.3
(79.3)
25.0
(77.0)
24.7
(76.5)
24.2
(75.6)
23.2
(73.8)
20.2
(68.4)
18.1
(64.6)
22.1
(71.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1
(0.0)
0
(0)
1
(0.0)
1
(0.0)
10
(0.4)
437
(17.2)
856
(33.7)
466
(18.3)
289
(11.4)
68
(2.7)
9
(0.4)
1
(0.0)
2,477.5
(97.54)
Source: Boisar Weather By Month

As per statistics shown in climate table :

  1. The coldest month of the year is January.
  2. The driest month is February with 0 mm of rain.
  3. The warmest month of the year is May.
  4. The highest rainfall is recorded in month of July.

Demographics[edit]

There are total of 20319 male persons and 15832 females and a total number of 4896 children below 6 years in Boisar as per report released by Census India 2011. Child Sex Ratio in Boisar is around 919 compared to Maharashtra state average of 894. Literacy rate of Boisar city is 88.49 % higher than state average of 82.34 %.City has total administration over 8,711 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. It is also authorize to build roads within Town limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction. Out of total population, 14,372 were engaged in work or business activity. Of this 12,312 were males while 2,060 were females. In census survey, worker is defined as person who does business, job, service, and cultivator and labour activity. Of total 14372 working population, 89.32 % were engaged in Main Work while 10.68 % of total workers were engaged in Marginal Work.

Population and Literacy of Boisar(2011)[12]
Total Population 36151 (100%)
Males 20319(56.21%)
Females 15832 (43.79)%
Children 4896(13.54%)
Literacy Rate 88.49%
Male Literacy 93.08%
Female Literacy 82.44%

Religion[edit]

According to the 2011 census, of total 36,151 population of Boisar, Hindus (83.84%) constitute the majority of the city population. Schedule Caste (SC) constitutes 4.82 % while Schedule Tribe (ST) were 1.76 % of total population. The official language of Boisar is Marathi but Hindi and English are also allowed to be used for any official purposes.Marathi is the most widely spoken language with Vanjari,Agri,Koli,Vadvali and Warli dialects. Small communities of Gujaratis and Muslims speak Gujarati and Urdu respectively.Marathi,Hindi and English are compulsory languages in schools whereas Sanskrit and Urdu are chosen as optional languages.

Religion in Boisar(2011)[13]

  Hinduism (83.84%)
  Islam (11.78%)
  Buddhism (1.38%)
  Jainism (1.37%)
  Christianity (0.85%)
  Sikhism (0.03%)
  Not Stated (0.45%)
  Others (0.02%)

Transportation[edit]

Railway Station[edit]

Road[edit]

Boat Services[edit]

  • In city,coastel area usually commutes using ferry and ferry routes[23] are defined by Maharashtra Maritime Board.
  1. Navapur to Dandi.[24]
  2. Murbe to Satpati.[25][26]
  3. Murbe to Kharekuran.[27][28]
  • Ferry are available throughout the year from morning 6am to evening 6pm, except during monsoon.Timings of ferry can change depending on the tide.

Air[edit]

  • Boisar has no airport.
  • The nearest airport is in Mumbai which is 105km(1.5hrs) away by road.
  • If you plan to use Mumbai Airport T1(Domestic Terminal),the nearest station is Vile Parle (East) via Boisar railway station(1.5hrs).[29]
  • If you plan to use the Mumbai Airport T2 (International Terminal), the nearest station is Andheri (East) via Boisar railway station(1.5hrs).[30]

Education[edit]

Schools and Higher Secondary Schools (Junior Colleges)[edit]

There are many schools and junior colleges in Boisar. Most of them are run by private individuals and trusts. The city's public school system and junior colleges are managed by the education ministry of the Government of Maharashtra.The schools and junior colleges are affiliated with the following boards:

  1. Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education.
    1. Secondary School Certificate(SSC):10th grade.
    2. Higher School Certificate(HSC):12th grade.
  2. Central Board of Secondary Education(CBSE).
  3. Indian Certificate of Secondary Education(ICSE).

Institutes headquartered in city proximity[edit]

Established Institute Type Commissioning Body/Affiliation Level Specialisation
1975 P.l. Shroff College Chinchani[31] Public Affiliated to   Mumbai University Graduate and Post-graduate Arts,Science,IT and Management.
1984 Sonpat Dandekar [32] Public Affiliated to   Mumbai University Graduate and Post-graduate Arts,Science,IT and Finance Management.
2009 Theme college of Engineering[33] Private Affiliated to   Mumbai University Undergraduate (Diploma) and Graduate Engineering
2006 SAS Institute of Management Studies[34] Private Affiliated to   Mumbai University Post-graduate Management
2002 Dr M.L.Dhawale Memorial Homoeopathic Institute[35] Private Affiliated to   Maharashtra University of Health Sciences (MUHS) (MD)Post-graduate Medical
2002 AGS College of Education[36] Private Affiliated to   Mumbai University (B.Ed)Graduate Education
2009 Diwakar Patil College Of Education[37] Private Affiliated to   Mumbai University (B.Ed)Graduate Education
Holy Cross Night Degree College[38] Private Affiliated to   Mumbai University Graduate Bachlore of Arts ,Commerce and Science
2018 Diwakar Patil Private Industrial Training Institute(ITI)[39] Private Affiliated to  National Council for Vocational Training(NCVT) Post School Courses Industrial Training

Professional Programme (Internship and Apprenticeship)[edit]

  • Boisar is known for industrial hub and most of the industries especially chemical, pharmaceutical , textile and mechanical[40] company offers internship and apprenticeship program to college going students, graduates and post graduates.
  • Banks and hospitals in city also providing work training to students and professional.

Research Institutions[edit]

Boisar is home to two prominent research institutions:

  1. The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC).
  2. Agricultural Research Station. [41]

Tourism and Attractions[edit]

Beaches[edit]

  • Beaches are popular tourist attraction in city of Boisar. Chinchni beach or Tarapur Beach is most popular beach in the city. Satpati beach is largest fishing port in Maharashtra.
  • There are some some other hidden beaches nearby city which have not receive much popularity yet are Unbhat Beach , Dandi Beach , Navapur Beach , Alewadi Beach , Nandgaon Beach ,Murbe Beach and Shirgaon Beach.
Chinchni Beach
Unbhat Beach
Dandi Beach
Navapur Beach
Alewadi Beach
Nandgaon Beach
Murbe Beach
Satpati Beach
Shirgoan Beach
Scenic Beaches in Boisar city.
  • Beaches are famous for its 'Chowpatty style' street food, which includes items such as bhelpuri, pani puri, sevpuri, and vada pav.
  • Beaches are mostly crowded in evening to experience sunset view and to enjoy fresh fish dishes.
  • Visitor can experience fishing boats or ferry at Navapur Beach along with drying fish preservation method.
  • Nandgaon Beach and Alewadi Beach is getting more popularity for beach side wedding. Others beaches also getting popularity beacuse of pre-weding photoshoots and beach resorts.

Forts[edit]

  • Tarapur Fort(11 km),Shirgaon Fort(18km), and Mahim Fort(20km) are used by great Maratha Kings as a place to keep a watch on enemies coming through Arabian Sea.
  • These sea side forts offers exquisite panoramic views of the natural surroundings covered by greenish Suru trees with sea and now mostly used for sight seeing.
  • Asava Fort(11km),Kaldurg Fort(17km) and Asheri Fort(25km) are on the top of the sahyadri hills that lie to the east of Boisar.
  • These hill forts are famous for trekking in mansoon and winter season to experience nice view of thick forest.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mahindra Happinest, Why Boisar? (Mumbai) | Petroleum, Coal & Banking Executives Welfare Society". pcb.net.in.
  2. ^ a b c "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Boisar, India". www.fallingrain.com.
  3. ^ http://naredco.in/news-updates-details.asp?id=23236&prYear=2018
  4. ^ https://www.ecmpcb.in/login/download_ec_document/NzVDMTVGNTcxRTM2NDMxMjk0NjIxQkI4RTNEMTQxNUMucGRm
  5. ^ रजि, ठाणे-पालघर जिल्हा वंजारी समाज हितवर्धक मंडळ. "ठाणे-पालघर जिल्हा वंजारी समाज हितवर्धक मंडळ, रजि". Vanjarisamajpalghar.com.
  6. ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps.
  7. ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps.
  8. ^ "Kokner / Kokaner Hot Water Springs". wikimapia.org.
  9. ^ "Natural Hot water springs kokNer# palghar Maharashtra" – via www.youtube.com.
  10. ^ a b c d https://cdn.s3waas.gov.in/s3a9a1d5317a33ae8cef33961c34144f84/uploads/2019/07/2019073071.pdf
  11. ^ https://www.coursehero.com/file/20796378/MURRUM-SOILS/
  12. ^ https://www.citypopulation.de/php/india-maharashtra.php?cityid=2742109000
  13. ^ https://www.citypopulation.de/php/india-maharashtra.php?cityid=2742109000
  14. ^ https://www.mumbai77.com/city/3089/local-trains-timetable/dahanu-churchgate-fast/
  15. ^ https://www.trainspnrstatus.com/trains/dahanu-road-virar
  16. ^ https://www.makemytrip.com/routeplanner/boisar-mumbai.html
  17. ^ https://www.cleartrip.com/trains/stations/BOR/
  18. ^ https://indiarailinfo.com/search/bor-boisar-to-bird-bhiwandi-road/873/0/71
  19. ^ https://www.google.com/maps/place/Parking+Lot,+Boisar+-+Palghar+Rd,+Boisar,+Maharashtra+401501/@19.7981803,72.7609652,21z/data=!4m8!1m2!2m1!1sAuto+stand+nearby+boisar!3m4!1s0x3be71ef760e00f8f:0x259de457580bf696!8m2!3d19.798233!4d72.7612274
  20. ^ https://www.google.com/maps/place/Bus+Depot+Boisar/@19.7981803,72.7609652,21z/data=!4m5!3m4!1s0x3be71ef85c99583b:0x4507a632ff5b4557!8m2!3d19.8005124!4d72.7588231
  21. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LvmzJ9yLK4c
  22. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I6Aqcg6_bfA
  23. ^ https://mahammb.maharashtra.gov.in/site/upload/pdf/ferry_operator.pdf
  24. ^ https://mahammb.maharashtra.gov.in/site/upload/pdf/ferry_operator.pdf
  25. ^ https://mahammb.maharashtra.gov.in/site/upload/pdf/ferry_operator.pdf
  26. ^ https://www.google.com/maps/place/Boat+Farry+Murbe-Satpati/@19.7323411,72.7051608,17z/data=!4m12!1m6!3m5!1s0x3be71d470bbb9eb5:0xd80832b39e799c84!2sMurbe-Kharekuran+Boat+Ferry!8m2!3d19.740735!4d72.7102266!3m4!1s0x3be6e2744706d929:0xe2bf4552b5a6c5c4!8m2!3d19.7313051!4d72.7057935
  27. ^ https://mahammb.maharashtra.gov.in/site/upload/pdf/ferry_operator.pdf
  28. ^ https://www.google.com/maps/place/Murbe-Kharekuran+Boat+Ferry/@19.740735,72.7080326,17z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x3be71d470bbb9eb5:0xd80832b39e799c84!8m2!3d19.740735!4d72.7102266
  29. ^ https://www.roaddistance.in/trains/nearest-railway-station-to-mumbai-airport-terminal-1-mumbai.html
  30. ^ https://www.tripadvisor.in/ShowTopic-g304554-i4228-k9020596-Nearest_Railway_Station_To_Terminal_2_of_Chatrapati_Shivaji-Mumbai_Maharashtra.html
  31. ^ https://plshroffcollege.com
  32. ^ http://sdsmcollege.com/
  33. ^ http://theemcoe.org/
  34. ^ http://www.sasmba.in
  35. ^ https://mldtrust.org/doctor-of-medicine-in-homoeopathy-m-d-hom/
  36. ^ https://www.university.youth4work.com/desagsce_deep-education-societys-a-g-s-college-of-education
  37. ^ https://www.icbse.com/colleges/divakar-patil-education-b-ed-d-k-patil-education-trust-st-81ovdo
  38. ^ http://hckh.in/hckh_college.html
  39. ^ https://iti.directory/mumbai/diwakar-patil-private-iti-pasthal-boisar
  40. ^ https://www.jsw.in/people/students-graduates
  41. ^ http://www.dbskkv.org/Research/Research_Stations_&_Organogram.html