Bojano

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Bojano
Comune di Bojano
Bojano tetti.jpg
Coat of arms of Bojano
Coat of arms
Location of Bojano
Bojano is located in Italy
Bojano
Bojano
Location of Bojano in Italy
Bojano is located in Molise
Bojano
Bojano
Bojano (Molise)
Coordinates: 41°29′N 14°28′E / 41.483°N 14.467°E / 41.483; 14.467
CountryItaly
RegionMolise
ProvinceCampobasso (CB)
Frazionisee list
Government
 • MayorMarco Di Biase
Area
 • Total49 km2 (19 sq mi)
Elevation
480 m (1,570 ft)
Population
(30 November 2017)
 • Total8,181
 • Density170/km2 (430/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Bojanesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
86021
Dialing code0874
Patron saintSt. Bartholomew
Saint dayAugust 25
WebsiteOfficial website

Bojano or Boiano is a town and comune in the province of Campobasso, Molise, south-central Italy.

History[edit]

Originally named Bŏvĭā́num, it was settled by the 7th century BC. As the capital of the Pentri, a tribe of the Samnites, it played a major role in the Samnite Wars, as well as in the Social War, when it was a temporary capital (89 BC). It was sacked by Sulla.

It was colonized under both the triumvirates, and by Vespasian, who settled veterans of Legio XI Claudia (whence the name Bovianum Undecumanorum), and remained an important centre into late antiquity.

After the Lombard conquest, the deserted area was given to a group of Bulgars, who circa 662 fled from the Avars and sought refuge with the Lombards. Bojano became a seat of a gastaldate. The Bulgars also settled in nearby Sepino and Isernia. Paul the Deacon in his Historia Langobardorum writing after the year 787 says that in his time Bulgars still inhabited the area, and that even though they speak "Latin", "they have not forsaken the use of their own tongue".[1] In later times they had evidently become completely assimilated.

After two centuries marked by Saracen attacks, in the mid-11th century Bojano was conquered by the Hauteville Normans, becoming a fief of Raoul de Moulins, a companion to Robert Guiscard. The city became a county capital.

The city was destroyed by a long series of earthquakes, the last occurring in 1913.

Main sights[edit]

The remains of Cyclopean walls can be seen on the heights above the modern town. Other attractions include:

  • The Cathedral of St. Bartholomew (11th century), several times damaged by earthquakes. The apse is still in Norman style.
  • The church of Sts. Erasmus and Marinus, with a noteworthy Gothic portal.
  • The Hermitage of St. Egidius, on a 1,025-metre-high (3,363 ft) mountain in the neighbourhood.
  • The remains of the Norman Castle.

Frazioni[edit]

Alifana, Campi Marzi, Castellone, Chiovitti, Ciccagne, Civita Superiore, Codacchio, Colacci, Collalto, Cucciolene, Fonte delle Felci, Imperato, Limpiilli, Majella, Malatesta, Monteverde, Mucciarone, Pallotta, Petrilli, Pietre Cadute, Pinciere, Pitoscia, Pitti, Prusciello, Rio Freddo, Santa Maria dei Rivoli, Sant'Antonio Abate, Taddeo, Tilli Tilli.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Diaconis, Paulus (787). Historia Langobardorum. Monte Cassino, Italy. Book V chapter 29. Archived from the original on 2008-05-17.

Sources[edit]

  • De Benedittis, G. (1977). Bovianum ed il suo territorio.

External links[edit]