Bojnik

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Bojnik
Бојник
Village and municipality
Bojnik
Bojnik
Coat of arms of Bojnik
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Bojnik within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Bojnik within Serbia
Coordinates: 43°01′N 21°44′E / 43.017°N 21.733°E / 43.017; 21.733Coordinates: 43°01′N 21°44′E / 43.017°N 21.733°E / 43.017; 21.733
Country  Serbia
Region Southern and Eastern Serbia
District Jablanica
Settlements 36
Government
 • Mayor Jovica Aranđelović (independent)
Area[1]
 • Municipality 264 km2 (102 sq mi)
Elevation 242 m (794 ft)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 6,688
 • Municipality 11,073
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 16205
Area code +381 16
Car plates LE
Website www.bojnik.org.rs

Bojnik (Serbian Cyrillic: Бојник) is a village and municipality located in Jablanica District of the southern Serbia. It is some 20 km west from Leskovac. According to 2011 census, the population of the village is 6,688 while population of the municipality was 11,073.

History[edit]

Much of the population settled in after World War II because on 17 February 1942, Bulgarian occupation forces in one day killed all 476 inhabitants of Bojnik, including women, children and the elderly. The massacre was in response to the alleged sheltering of Partisans.[3]

In the 1990s, during the Yugoslav wars, war crimes were again perpetrated in Bojnik. In 2007, Goran and Zoran Damjanović (brothers) were sentenced to a total of 22-and-a-half years in prison (Zoran to 10 years and 6 months of imprisonment; Goran to 12 years of imprisonment), when the Bosnian criminal code was used. Goran Damjanović's Defence team sent the case to the European Court of Human Rights, which ruled, as later did the Bosnian Constitutional court, that the more lenient former Yugoslav court should have been applied, which was used at the time the crimes occurred. On 18 March 2014, the Appellate Chamber of the Court confirmed the verdict, resentencing the two brothers to a total of twelve and a half years in prison (six and a half years for Goran, and six years for Zoran), ten years less than the Bosnian criminal code by which the brothers were initially sentenced. The brothers were released on parole in June 2014.[4][5]

Geography[edit]

Bojnik municipality is located in southern Serbia and it is surrounded by municipality of Medveđa in the south-west, municipality of Lebane in the south, municipality of Leskovac in the east, and municipalities of Žitorađa and Prokuplje in the north.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1948 21,895 —    
1953 22,329 +2.0%
1961 20,838 −6.7%
1971 18,801 −9.8%
1981 16,246 −13.6%
1991 14,498 −10.8%
2002 13,118 −9.5%
2011 11,104 −15.4%
Source: [6]

Ethnic groups[edit]

Ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 9,197
Romani 1,649
Montenegrins 17
Macedonians 10
Others 231
Total 11,104

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27. 
  3. ^ Edward Palmer Thompson, Beyond the Frontier: The Politics of a Failed Mission, Bulgaria 1944 (Stanford University Press, 1997), pg 23.
  4. ^ "Damjanovic Brothers Released From Jail". Justice Report. Retrieved 2016-10-28. 
  5. ^ "ICD - Damjanović (Goran and Zoran) - Asser Institute". Internationalcrimesdatabase.org. Retrieved 2016-10-28. 
  6. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 

External links[edit]