Bojnord

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Bojnord

بجنورد
City
Mofakham's Mirror House
Mofakham's Mirror House
Official seal of Bojnord
Seal
Bojnord is located in Iran
Bojnord
Bojnord
Coordinates: 37°28′30″N 57°20′00″E / 37.47500°N 57.33333°E / 37.47500; 57.33333Coordinates: 37°28′30″N 57°20′00″E / 37.47500°N 57.33333°E / 37.47500; 57.33333
Country Iran
ProvinceNorth Khorasan
CountyBojnord
BakhshCentral
Government
 • MayorRouhollah Baratian
Area
 • City36 km2 (14 sq mi)
Elevation
1,070 m (3,510 ft)
Population
 (2016 census)
 • Urban
228,931 [1]
 • Metro
328,931
Time zoneUTC+03:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+04:30 (IRDT)
Area code(s)(+98) 58
ClimateBSk
Websitehttp://www.bojnord-city.ir/

Bojnord (Persian: About this soundبجنورد‎; also romanized Bojnūrd, Bujnūrd, Bojnoord, Bojnord or Bujnurd), known in the Middle Ages as Buzanjird,[2][3] is the capital city of North Khorasan Province, Iran. It is about 701 km (436 mi) from Tehran.[4]

History[edit]

According to local tradition, the whole area was controlled by the Qarai Turks since the Mongol invasion in the 13th century.

Bojnurd is of recent origin and possibly built by the Safavids for the Kurdish Şadiyan tribe who had been settled there to strengthen the Safavid borders against hostile Turkics. Traditionally, the city was surrounded by a defensive wall and consisted of eleven quarters, bazaars and four mosques.

In 1849, the city saw a revolt which destroyed the city. When traveller G. C. Napier visited the city in 1876, it was noted that the chief of Bojnurd was a Kurd who governed the city without taxation in exchange for military support to the central government in Tehran.

The city experienced severe earthquakes in 1896 and 1929 which destroyed the city and its surroundings. The city would consequently be rebuilt without historical or recent fortifications in a modern matter.[5]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Universities located in Bojnord include:[6]

Notables from Bojnurd[edit]

Abdolhossein Teymourtash (Sardar Moazzam Khorasani), a distinguished and influential Iranian politician of the 20th century (Pahlavi Dynasty), was born in Bojnord

Climate[edit]

Bojnord has a cold semi-arid climate (BSk) according to the Köppen climate classification.

Climate data for Bojnurd
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.3
(43.3)
7.6
(45.7)
12.5
(54.5)
19.9
(67.8)
24.3
(75.7)
29.6
(85.3)
32.4
(90.3)
31.8
(89.2)
28.2
(82.8)
21.2
(70.2)
14.3
(57.7)
8.7
(47.7)
19.7
(67.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.5
(34.7)
2.4
(36.3)
6.8
(44.2)
13.3
(55.9)
17.5
(63.5)
22.4
(72.3)
25.1
(77.2)
24.2
(75.6)
20.4
(68.7)
14.0
(57.2)
8.4
(47.1)
3.7
(38.7)
13.3
(56.0)
Average low °C (°F) −3.4
(25.9)
−2.8
(27.0)
1.1
(34.0)
6.7
(44.1)
10.7
(51.3)
15.1
(59.2)
17.8
(64.0)
16.6
(61.9)
12.5
(54.5)
6.7
(44.1)
2.4
(36.3)
−1.3
(29.7)
6.8
(44.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 27.6
(1.09)
30.7
(1.21)
42.4
(1.67)
38.5
(1.52)
34.6
(1.36)
8.7
(0.34)
10.1
(0.40)
6.0
(0.24)
8.4
(0.33)
14.1
(0.56)
26.3
(1.04)
25.0
(0.98)
272.4
(10.74)
Average precipitation days 11.1 11.5 12.8 10.6 9.6 3.6 2.6 2.0 2.4 5.6 8.3 10.1 90.2
Source: World Meteorological Organisation

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistical Center of Iran > Home".
  2. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Bojnurd, Iran".
  3. ^ Bojnord can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3056548" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  4. ^ "Tehran".
  5. ^ Ehlers, Eckart; Bosworth, C. E. (1989). "BOJNŪRD". Encyclopedia Iranica. IV.
  6. ^ "دانستنیهایی از استان خراسان شمالی".

External links[edit]