Bojnord

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Bojnord
بجنورد
City
Mofakham's Mirror House
Mofakham's Mirror House
Official seal of Bojnord
Seal
Bojnord is located in Iran
Bojnord
Bojnord
Coordinates: 37°28′30″N 57°20′00″E / 37.47500°N 57.33333°E / 37.47500; 57.33333Coordinates: 37°28′30″N 57°20′00″E / 37.47500°N 57.33333°E / 37.47500; 57.33333
Country  Iran
Province North Khorasan
County Bojnord
Bakhsh Central
Government
 • Mayor Rouhollah Baratian
Area
 • City 36 km2 (14 sq mi)
Elevation 1,070 m (3,510 ft)
Population (2016 census)
 • Urban 228,931 [1]
 • Metro 328,931
Time zone UTC+03:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+04:30 (IRDT)
Area code(s) (+98) 58
Climate BSk
Website http://www.bojnordcity.ir/

Bojnord (Persian: بجنورد) (also spelled Bojnūrd, Bujnūrd, Bojnoord, Bojnord or Bujnurd, the medieval Buzanjird.[2][3]) is the capital city of North Khorasan province, Iran. It is about 701 km (436 mi) from Tehran.[4]

The ancient city was situated on a hill northwest of the present city of Bojnurd called Sareban Mehalleh, also known as Sarvan Mahaleh by local people.

Maneh is a small sector in the northwest of Bojnourd city.

The city is noted for its multicultural background. Many people speak at least 2 different languages including Persian, Tati, Khorasani Turkic, Kurmanci Kurdish, and Turkmen. Intermarriage between the ethnic groups speaking these languages is common.

Bojnourd is also famous for its Turkmen horses and professional horse-training centers and, for this reason, attracts visitors interested in equestrianism from all over the world, thus enriching the city considerably with the revenue to be derived from such equestrian tourism.

Main sights[edit]

The city contains many historical and natural attractions, such as mineral water springs, small lakes, recreational areas, caves, protected areas and assorted hiking areas. Most of the buildings of historic interest date from the Qajar era (1785-1925), as those dating from earlier periods have suffered greater (cumulative) damage from the earthquakes to which the region is prone (see also List of earthquakes in Iran).

Some of the popular attractions of Bojnurd are:

  • Besh Qardash (meaning "five brothers" in Turkic) mineral spring
  • Baba Aman Spring and Jungle Park
  • Mufakham mirror house, built during the Qajar era
  • Mufakham Historical Hospital, built during the Qajar era
  • Mausoleum of Sultan Seyed Abbas (brother of Imam Reza)
  • Bazkhaneh valley
  • Ayyub mineral spring
  • Ruwin village

Colleges and universities[edit]

Universities located in Bojnord include:[5]

Notables from Bojnurd[edit]

Abdolhossein Teymourtash (Sardar Moazzam Khorasani), a distinguished and influential Iranian politician of the 20th century (Pahlavi Dynasty), was born in Bojnord

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Bojnurd
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.3
(43.3)
7.6
(45.7)
12.5
(54.5)
19.9
(67.8)
24.3
(75.7)
29.6
(85.3)
32.4
(90.3)
31.8
(89.2)
28.2
(82.8)
21.2
(70.2)
14.3
(57.7)
8.7
(47.7)
19.7
(67.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.5
(34.7)
2.4
(36.3)
6.8
(44.2)
13.3
(55.9)
17.5
(63.5)
22.4
(72.3)
25.1
(77.2)
24.2
(75.6)
20.4
(68.7)
14.0
(57.2)
8.4
(47.1)
3.7
(38.7)
13.3
(56)
Average low °C (°F) −3.4
(25.9)
−2.8
(27)
1.1
(34)
6.7
(44.1)
10.7
(51.3)
15.1
(59.2)
17.8
(64)
16.6
(61.9)
12.5
(54.5)
6.7
(44.1)
2.4
(36.3)
−1.3
(29.7)
6.8
(44.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 27.6
(1.087)
30.7
(1.209)
42.4
(1.669)
38.5
(1.516)
34.6
(1.362)
8.7
(0.343)
10.1
(0.398)
6.0
(0.236)
8.4
(0.331)
14.1
(0.555)
26.3
(1.035)
25.0
(0.984)
272.4
(10.725)
Average precipitation days 11.1 11.5 12.8 10.6 9.6 3.6 2.6 2.0 2.4 5.6 8.3 10.1 90.2
Source: World Meteorological Organisation

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.amar.org.ir/english
  2. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Bojnurd, Iran". 
  3. ^ Bojnord can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3056548" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  4. ^ http://www.tehran.com.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ "دانستنیهایی از استان خراسان شمالی". 

External links[edit]

  • Dance inspired by the folk dances of Bojnord, musicians:

Great master of tambourine(they call " Dayre" )by: Asadollah Gholinejad, Ali Abchuri( Ghoshme),Hasan Bakhshi(Do Tar)