Mofakham's Mirror House
|• Mayor||Keyvan Dejhout|
|• Total||36 km2 (14 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,070 m (3,510 ft)|
|• Density||5,500/km2 (14,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IRST (UTC+3:30)|
|• Summer (DST)||not observed (UTC+3:30)|
|Area code(s)||(+98) 584|
Bojnourd (Persian: بجنورد) (also spelled Bojnūrd, Bujnūrd, Bojnoord, Bojnord or Bujnurd, the medieval Buzanjird.) is the capital city of North Khorasan province, Iran. It is about 701 km (436 mi) from Tehran.
The ancient city was situated on a hill northwest of the present city of Bojnurd called Sareban Mehalleh, also known as Sarvan Mahaleh by local people.
Maneh is a small sector in the northwest of Bojnourd city.
The city is noted for its multicultural background. Many people speak at least 2 different languages including Farsi, Tati, Khorasani Turkic, Kurmanci Kurdish, and Turkmen. Intermarriage between the ethnic groups speaking these languages is common.
Bojnourd is also famous for its Turkmen horses and professional horse-training centers and, for this reason, attracts visitors interested in equestrianism from all over the world, thus enriching the city considerably with the revenue to be derived from such equestrian tourism.
The city contains many historical and natural attractions, such as mineral water springs, small lakes, recreational areas, caves, protected areas and assorted hiking areas. Most of the buildings of historic interest date from the Qajar era (1785-1925), as those dating from earlier periods have suffered greater (cumulative) damage from the earthquakes to which the region is prone (- see also List of earthquakes in Iran).
Some of the popular attractions of Bojnurd are:
- Besh Qardash (five brothers) mineral spring
- Baba Aman Spring and Jungle Park
- Mufakham mirror house, built during the Qajar era
- Mufakham Historical Hospital, built during the Qajar era
- Mausoleum of Sultan Seyed Abbas (brother of Imam Reza)
- Bazkhaneh valley
- Ayyub mineral spring
- Ruwin village
Colleges and universities
However, many provinces have low rate of illiteracy, the people of North Khorasan including the city of Bojnord litracy has the rate of 5.75% which is too low compared to the average of 80% of the country. This is because almost half of the population live in rural parts of the province. The higher education also has some concerns in the city, but the universities are:
- University of Bojnurd
- Islamic Azad University of Bojnurd
- Eshragh Institute of Higher Education (Bojnurd, North Khorasan)
- Payam Noor University of Bojnurd
Notables from Bojnurd
- Abdolhossein Teymourtash (Sardar Moazzam Khorasani), a distinguished and influential politician of the 20th century (Pahlavi Dynasty)
- Kazem Mousavi Bojnurdi, historian, theologian, writer and the curator of the National Library of Iran (1997–2005)
- Mohammad Davari, journalist, known for arrest in 2009–10 Iranian election protests
|Climate data for Bojnurd|
|Average high °C (°F)||6.3
|Average low °C (°F)||−3.4
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||27.6
|Average precipitation days||11.1||11.5||12.8||10.6||9.6||3.6||2.6||2.0||2.4||5.6||8.3||10.1||90.2|
|Source: World Meteorological Organisation|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bojnord.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Bujnūrd.|
- Dance inspired by the folk dances of Bojnord, musicians:
Great master of tambourine(they call " Dayre" )by: Asadollah Gholinejad, Ali Abchuri( Ghoshme),Hasan Bakhshi(Do Tar)