Boké

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Coordinates: 10°56′N 14°18′W / 10.933°N 14.300°W / 10.933; -14.300

Boké
Urban Sub-prefecture and city
Boké is located in Guinea
Boké
Boké
Location in Guinea
Coordinates: 10°56′N 14°18′W / 10.933°N 14.300°W / 10.933; -14.300
Country  Guinea
Region Boké Region
Elevation 30 m (100 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Total 61,449

Boké is the capital city of Boké Prefecture within the Boké Region of Lower Guinea near the border with Guinea-Bissau. It is also a sub-prefecture of Guinea. Located along the Rio Nuñez which flows to its not-too-distant mouth on the Atlantic Ocean, Boké is a port. It is known for the Fortin de Boké museum, formerly a slave fort. The town is served by Boké Baralande Airport. As of 2014 the city and surrounding sub prefecture had a population of 61,449 people.[1]

History[edit]

According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, 11th edition:

This part of the Guinea coast was made known by the Portuguese voyagers of the 15th century. In consequence, largely, of the dangers attending its navigation, it was not visited by the European traders of the 16th-18th centuries so frequently as other regions north and east, but in the Rio Pongo, at Matakong (a diminutive island near the mouth of the Forekaria), and elsewhere, slave traders established themselves, and ruins of the strongholds they built and defended with cannon, still exist (e.g., Fortin de Boké). When driven from other parts of Guinea the slavers made this difficult and little known coast one of their last resorts, and many barracoons were built in the late years of the 18th century. It was not until after the restoration of Goree to her at the close of the Napoleonic wars that France evinced any marked interest in the region. At that time the British, from their bases at the Gambia and Sierra Leone, were devoting considerable attention to these Rivières du Sud (i.e, south of Senegal) and also to the Futa Jallon. René Caillié, who started his journey to Timbuktu in 1827, did much to quicken French interest in the district, and from 1838 onward French naval officers, Bouèt-Willaumez and his successors, made detailed studies of the coast.[2]

By 1849, the French had caused so much local resentment that France had to take over the Boké area. By 1895, it had become part of French West Africa.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Boké
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 39.7
(103.5)
38.4
(101.1)
40.5
(104.9)
40.1
(104.2)
38.5
(101.3)
35.0
(95)
32.8
(91)
32.4
(90.3)
33.1
(91.6)
33.9
(93)
35.5
(95.9)
35.7
(96.3)
36.3
(97.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.3
(79.3)
27.9
(82.2)
29.1
(84.4)
29.7
(85.5)
28.3
(82.9)
27.1
(80.8)
27.4
(81.3)
25.4
(77.7)
24.0
(75.2)
26.8
(80.2)
28.2
(82.8)
27.2
(81)
27.3
(81.1)
Average low °C (°F) 14.4
(57.9)
15.7
(60.3)
17.7
(63.9)
19.9
(67.8)
20.9
(69.6)
20.4
(68.7)
20.7
(69.3)
20.5
(68.9)
19.7
(67.5)
20.1
(68.2)
18.1
(64.6)
14.4
(57.9)
18.5
(65.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0
(0)
0.1
(0.004)
0.2
(0.008)
9
(0.35)
105
(4.13)
258
(10.16)
485
(19.09)
424
(16.69)
545
(21.46)
317
(12.48)
67
(2.64)
2
(0.08)
2,212.3
(87.098)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0 0 0 1 7 15 23 25 22 17 4 0 114
Average relative humidity (%) 53 58 53 55 67 76 75 82 92 78 69 58 68
Mean monthly sunshine hours 234 219 246 231 219 171 129 113 143 188 218 215 2,326
Source: NOAA[3]


References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Guinea". Institut National de la Statistique, Guinea, accessed via Geohive. Archived from the original on 24 November 2015. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  2. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg "French Guinea". Encyclopædia Britannica. 11 (11th ed.). 1911. pp. 102–103. 
  3. ^ "Boke Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 6, 2015. 

Sources[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "French Guinea". Encyclopædia Britannica. 11 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 102–103.