Bolgheri

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Bolgheri
Frazione
The Bolgheri Castle
The Bolgheri Castle
Bolgheri is located in Italy
Bolgheri
Bolgheri
Location of Bolgheri in Italy
Coordinates: 43°14′02.0″N 10°37′02.0″E / 43.233889°N 10.617222°E / 43.233889; 10.617222Coordinates: 43°14′02.0″N 10°37′02.0″E / 43.233889°N 10.617222°E / 43.233889; 10.617222
Country  Italy
Region  Tuscany
Province Livorno (LI)
Comune Castagneto Carducci
Elevation[1] 96 m (315 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 131
Demonym(s) Bolgheresi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 57020[2]
Dialing code (+39) 0565
Viale dei Cipressi ("Cypresses Avenue")

Bolgheri (IPA [ˈbolgeri]) is a central Italian village and hamlet (frazione) of Castagneto Carducci, a municipality (comune) in the province of Livorno, Tuscany. in 2011 it had a population of 131.[1]

History[edit]

First mentioned in 1075, on a papal bull by Pope Gregory VII, its name derives from Bulgari (Italian for "Bulgarians"), due to the presence of a military camp of Bulgarian, allieds of the Lombards.

Geography[edit]

Bolgheri lies in the foothills of the Colline Metallifere, south of Bibbona (6 km north). It is 10 km far from Casale Marittimo, 11 from Donoratico, 12 from Castagneto Carducci, 15 from Cecina, 42 from Piombino and 50 from Livorno.[3]

Wine[edit]

Bolgheri became an internationally known region following an event in 1974 arranged by Decanter where a 6-year-old Sassicaia won over an assortment of Bordeaux wines.[4] Prior to this, Bolgheri had been relatively anonymous producers of ordinary white wines and rosés.[5][6]

Due to the particular characteristics of the soil and micro climate sunny, dry and moderately windy, the grape varieties of Bordeaux origin tend to thrive, such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc and Petit Verdot.

Among the most known "Super Tuscan" producers are Tenuta San Guido who produce Sassicaia, Tenuta Dell'Ornellaia who produce Ornellaia, and Ca'Marcanda of Gaja, Guado al Tasso of Antinori.[5]

In 2017, in Bolgheri opened The World Wine Town of Castagneto Carducci [7]– a wine center, created by entrepreneur Franco Malenotti and designed by the Oscar-winning art director Dante Ferretti. The Sensory and Multimedia Museum in Bolgheri is housed in a two-story building (dating back to the 1500s), exploring the history of wine and food from the region and featuring a wine tasting area.

Bolgheri DOC[edit]

The current set of DOC regulations for Bolgheri red wines became approved in 1994.[4][8] Before the creation of this DOC, the "Super Tuscans" from the area were typically sold under the simpler designations Vino da tavola or IGT Toscana.

The appellation rules determine that in Bolgheri Rosso and Bolgheri Rosé, Sangiovese may be utilised only to a degree of 70%, and in excess of this a wine must be classified IGT. Cabernet Sauvignon from 10 to 80%, Merlot, up to 80% and other local red varieties, up to 30%. Rosso must be aged for 24 months.

For Bolgheri Bianco, Tuscan Trebbiano from 10 to 70%, Vermentino from 10 to 70%, Sauvignon blanc from 10 to 70% and other local white varieties, up to 30%.

Two varietal wines are permitted, Sauvignon blanc and Vermentino, of which there must be at least an 85% of either grape variety.

For the appellation's pink Vin Santo,[6] Occhio di Pernice, Sangiovese may be used from 50 to 70%, Malvasia near from 50 to 70% and other local red varieties, up to 30%. It must be aged for 36 months.

The sub-zone Sassicaia has its own appellation declaration, with up to 85% of Cabernet Sauvignon and 15% Cabernet Franc. Bolgheri Sassicaia must be aged for 26 months. It is expected to be upgraded to DOCG status.[6]

Transport[edit]

Bolgheri counts a minor train station on the Genoa–Pisa–Rome line, located 7 km far and next to Marina di Bibbona.[9] It is 10 km north of the exit "Donoratico-Castagneto", of the state highway SS1 "Aurelia"; a dual carriageway connecting the two sections of the A12 motorway Genoa-Rome.

Gallery[edit]

Personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes
  1. ^ a b c (in Italian) Bolgheri on italia.indettaglio.it
  2. ^ (in Italian) Castagneto Carducci on tuttocitta.it
  3. ^ 1387548758 Bolgheri on OpenStreetMap
  4. ^ a b Clarke, Oz (2002). Oz Clarke's Wine Atlas (2nd ed.). London: Websters International Publishers. pp. 178–179. ISBN 0-316-86064-6. 
  5. ^ a b Robinson, Jancis, ed. (1999). "Bolgheri". The Oxford Companion to Wine (2nd ed.). winepros.com.au. Archived from the original on 2008-08-08. 
  6. ^ a b c Stevenson, Tom (2005). The Sotheby’s Wine Encyclopedia (4th ed.). London: Dorling Kindersley. pp. 284–285. ISBN 0-7566-1324-8. 
  7. ^ "The Italian wine town of Bolgheri is a Tuscan dream come true". 203Challenges. Retrieved 2017-06-28. 
  8. ^ Belfrage, Nicolas (2001). Brunello to Zibibbo: The Wines of Tuscany, Central and Southern Italy. London: Mitchell Beazley. pp. 154–155. ISBN 1-84000-790-7. 
  9. ^ 4128255739 Bolgheri railway station on OpenStreetMap

External links[edit]