Bolhrad

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Bolhrad
Болград
City
Town hall of Bolhrad
Town hall of Bolhrad
Flag of Bolhrad
Flag
Coat of arms of Bolhrad
Coat of arms
Bolhrad is located in Odessa Oblast
Bolhrad
Bolhrad
Bolhrad is located in Ukraine
Bolhrad
Bolhrad
Coordinates: 45°40′2″N 28°36′46″E / 45.66722°N 28.61278°E / 45.66722; 28.61278Coordinates: 45°40′2″N 28°36′46″E / 45.66722°N 28.61278°E / 45.66722; 28.61278
Country  Ukraine
Oblast  Odessa Oblast
Raion Bolhrad Raion
Founded 1821
Area
 • Total 94 km2 (36 sq mi)
Elevation 75 m (246 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Total 15,499
 • Density 164.6/km2 (426/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postcode district(s) 68700—706
Area code(s) +380-4846

Bolhrad (Ukrainian: Болград Bolhrad; Bulgarian and Russian: Болград Bolgrad; Romanian: Bolgrad), also known by its Russian name Bolgrad, is a small city in Odessa Oblast (province) of southwestern Ukraine, in the historical region of Budjak. It is the administrative center of Bolhrad Raion (district). Population: 15,499 (2015 est.)[1]

History

Historical affiliations

 Russian Empire 1821–1856
Moldavia Principality of Moldavia 1856–1859
Romania Romanian United Principalities 1859–1878
 Russian Empire 1878–1917
 Moldavian Democratic Republic 1917–1918
 Kingdom of Romania 1918–1940
 Soviet Union 1940–1941
 Kingdom of Romania 1941–1944
 Ukrainian SSR 1944–1991
 Ukraine 1991–present

Bolhrad was founded in 1821 by Bulgarian settlers in Bessarabia, under the direction of General Ivan Inzov who is "revered" by Bolhrad residents as the "Founder of Our City."[2] Bolhrad became part of Moldavia from 1856 to 1859, Romania from 1859 to 1878, 1918 to 1940, and 1941 to 1944, before being incorporated into the USSR (in the territory of the Ukrainian SSR), and later independent Ukraine.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1930 14,280—    
1941 10,713−25.0%
2001 17,353+62.0%
2011 (est.) 15,479−10.8%

The surrounding Bolhradsky district is predominantly populated by ethnic Bulgarians (a majority of 61%). Bolhrad itself is inhabited by a large number of Bessarabian Bulgarians and is considered by locals to be the unofficial capital of the Bessarabian historic district of Budjak.

Economy

As of 1920, Bolhrad had a coal industry.[3]

Education

Bolhrad High School

The Georgi Sava Rakovski Bolhrad High School founded in 1858 is the oldest high school of the Bulgarian National Revival.[4][5]

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 1 July 2016. 
  2. ^ Куемжи, Мария, Болградский Историко-Этнографический Музей (Bolhrad, Odes'ka Oblast, Ukraine; Фонд им. И.Н. Инзова, 2007)
  3. ^ Kaba, John (1919). Politico-economic Review of Basarabia. United States: American Relief Administration. p. 27. 
  4. ^ Манолова, Надя; Красимира Табакова (2008). "150 години Болградска гимназия" (in Bulgarian). Държавна агенция за българите в чужбина. Archived from the original on April 11, 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-19. 
  5. ^ "Болградска гимназия „Свети свети Кирил и Методий"". Българска енциклопедия А-Я (in Bulgarian). БАН, Труд, Сирма. 2002. ISBN 954-8104-08-3. OCLC 163361648. 

External links