Bolic Sound

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Bolic Sound
IndustryRecording studio
FateDestroyed by arson
Founded1970
FounderIke Turner
DefunctJanuary 1981
Headquarters1310 N La Brea Avenue, ,
Key people
Brands
  • I & TT Productions
  • Placid Music
  • HUH Music
  • Spud Nik Booking Agency
Services
  • Recording
  • Mixing
  • Engineering
  • Production
  • Booking
Owner

Bolic Sound was a recording studio complex in Inglewood, California. It was built by musician Ike Turner in 1970, and remained in operation until it burned down in 1981.[1]

History[edit]

As a young bandleader, Ike Turner had grown skeptical of the music industry beginning when he wasn't credited for "Rocket 88," which is considered by many to be the first rock and roll record. While still in his teens he became a talent scout and session musician for the Bihari brothers at Modern Records. Turner, unaware of songwriter's royalties, also wrote new material which the Bihari brothers paid him to copyright under their own name.[1]

Following the success of Ike & Tina Turner, Turner had the finances to create his own recording studio which he called Bolic Sound. The name Bolic derived from the maiden name of his then wife Tina Turner (née Bullock).[2][3] The studio was previously a furniture store which Turner bought as a shell and had it fully renovated. He also purchased the surrounding properties.[1] The facilities began being used for Turner productions in 1970 before opening for business in March 1972.[4]

Turner wanted to utilize his knowledge of the "music industry systems," so he set up the studio to help musicians. "Entertainers get all of the fame and end up with nothing – the manager got all the money," he said.[1] Little Richard, who wrote the introduction to Turner's autobiography Takin' Back My Name (1999), said: "Bolic, was one of the greatest studios I've ever seen. He had everything in this studio. He had his own booking agency, and he was showing people how to produce."[1]

Billboard magazine described Bolic Sound as "one of the most ornate recording plants in the world."[5] Turner had two 16-track quadrasonic studios built, a large one to rent out and a smaller one for his personal use. He fitted them out with state-of-the-art equipment which included two 24-input and 16-output mixing consoles custom built by John Stephens and Daniel Flickinger, IBM mix memorizers, and an Eventide digital delay.[3][4] The lushly decorated facilities included a writer's room, Turner's own office, business offices for his staff, a playroom furnished with a pool table, and a private luxury apartment suite.[2][6] It also housed Ike & Tina Turner's other companies: I & TT Productions, Placid Music, HUH Music, and the Spud Nik Booking Agency.[5]

Artists who recorded at Bolic Sound include Paul McCartney, George Harrison, Duane Allman, Little Richard, and Gayle McCormick.[3] Frank Zappa recorded most of his Over-Nite Sensation and Apostrophe (') albums there in 1973 and 1974.[7] Ike & Tina Turner's hit single "Nutbush City Limits" was also recorded at Bolic Sound in 1973.[8]

In 1974, police raided Bolic Sound and Turner along with three associates were arrested for allegedly using an illegal blue box to avoid paying for long-distant calls.[9] He was cleared of the charges.[3]

Turner was in financial disarray after his divorce from Tina in 1978. As a part of their settlement, she gave him her share of the studio.[10] He tried to sell Bolic Sound, but the temporarily uninsured building was destroyed by arson in January 1981.[1][3]

List of artists recorded[edit]

Many artists recorded at Bolic Sound, including:

List of albums recorded[edit]

[11]

The following albums were recorded at Bolic Sound:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Ike Turner, Nigel Cawthorne (1999). Takin' Back My Name: The Confessions of Ike Turner. Virgin Books Limited. ISBN 978-1-85227-850-2.
  2. ^ a b Fong-Torres, Ben (October 14, 1971). "Tales of Ike and Tina Turner". Rolling Stone.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Kiersh, Edward (June 11, 2015). "Ike's Story: SPIN's 1985 Feature on Ike Turner". Spin.
  4. ^ a b Sutherland, Sam (Mar 18, 1972). "Studio Track". Billboard: 8.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "Ike & Tina Turner's Bolic Sound Studio". Billboard: 58. March 4, 1972.
  6. ^ "Ike & Tina Turner Open New Recording Studios". Jet: 57. Mar 23, 1972.
  7. ^ García Albertos, Román. "FZ Chronology, 1973-75". Frank Zappa Chronology.
  8. ^ "Ike & Tina Turner – Nutbush City Limits". Discogs.
  9. ^ "Turner Says He's Innocent of Telephone Abuse Rap". Jet: 53. May 2, 1974.
  10. ^ Turner, Tina, Loder, Kurt (1986). I, Tina (1st ed.). New York: Morrow. ISBN 0688060897. OCLC 13069211.
  11. ^ a b c d "Bolic Sound". Discogs.
  12. ^ "Backstory". Dino J.A. Deane.
  13. ^ Sears, Pete. "1972. Bolic Sound was Ike Turner's private recording studio in Los Angeles". Pete Sears.