Bolinus

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Bolinus
Temporal range: Miocene - Recent
Haustellum brandaris 000.jpg
Two shells of the spiny dye-murex, Bolinus brandaris
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda
clade Hypsogastropoda
clade Neogastropoda
Superfamily: Muricoidea
Family: Muricidae
Subfamily: Muricinae
Genus: Bolinus
Pusch, 1837[1]
Synonyms[2]

Bolinus is a genus of sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Muricidae, the murex snails or rock snails.[2]

This genus is known in the fossil record from the Miocene to the Pliocene period (age range: from 15.97 to 2.588 million years ago.). Fossil shells within this genus have been found in Cyprus, Austria, Italy and Turkey.[3]

Some species of these molluscs were known since ancient times as a source for purple dye and also as a popular food source.

Description[edit]

Fossil shell of Bolinus brandaris torularius from Pliocene

The adult shells of Bolinus species can reach a size of about 60–200 millimetres (2.4–7.9 in). They are usually pale or golden brown, thick and spiny with a long and straight siphonal canal and a rounded and broad body whorl.

They are carnivorous and predatory

Distribution[edit]

Snails within this genus mainly live along the Atlantic coast of Africa and in the Mediterranean Sea.

Habitat[edit]

They inhabit shallow water and prefer gravelled or rocky substrate.

Species[edit]

Species within the genus Bolinus include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pusch (1837). Polens Palaeont. (2): 134.
  2. ^ a b Bolinus Pusch, 1837.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 25 April 2010.
  3. ^ a b c Fossilworks
  4. ^ Bolinus brandaris (Linnaeus, 1758).  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 25 April 2010.
  5. ^ Bolinus cornutus (Linnaeus, 1758).  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 25 April 2010.

External links[edit]