Bolivar County, Mississippi

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Bolivar County, Mississippi
Map of Mississippi highlighting Bolivar County
Location in the U.S. state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
Founded 1836
Named for Simón Bolívar
Seat Rosedale and Cleveland
Largest city Cleveland
Area
 • Total 906 sq mi (2,347 km2)
 • Land 877 sq mi (2,271 km2)
 • Water 29 sq mi (75 km2), 3.2%
Population
 • (2010) 34,145
 • Density 39/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.bolivar.ms.us

Bolivar County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 34,145.[1] Its county seats are Rosedale and Cleveland.[2] The county is named in honor of Simón Bolívar, early 19th-century leader of the liberation of several South American colonies from Spain.

The Cleveland, MS Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Bolivar County. It is located in the Mississippi Delta, or Yazoo Basin, of Mississippi. This area was first developed for cotton plantations. Large industrial operations have reduced the number of farm workers needed. Today soybeans are also a commodity crop.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 906 square miles (2,350 km2), of which 877 square miles (2,270 km2) is land and 29 square miles (75 km2) (3.2%) is water.[3] It is the second-largest county in Mississippi by land area and fourth-largest by total area.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,356
1850 2,577 90.0%
1860 10,471 306.3%
1870 9,732 −7.1%
1880 18,652 91.7%
1890 29,980 60.7%
1900 35,427 18.2%
1910 48,905 38.0%
1920 57,669 17.9%
1930 71,051 23.2%
1940 67,564 −4.9%
1950 63,004 −6.7%
1960 54,464 −13.6%
1970 49,409 −9.3%
1980 45,965 −7.0%
1990 41,875 −8.9%
2000 40,633 −3.0%
2010 34,145 −16.0%
Est. 2016 32,737 [4] −4.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 34,145 people residing in the county. 64.5% were Black or African American, 33.5% White, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Native American, 0.9% of some other race and 0.6% of two or more races. 1.9% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 40,633 people, 13,776 households, and 9,725 families residing in the county. The population density was 46 people per square mile (18/km²). There were 14,939 housing units at an average density of [7] per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.11% Black or African American, 33.24% White, 0.10% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.48% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. 1.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,776 households out of which 35.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.20% were married couples living together, 27.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.40% were non-families. 25.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.36.

In the county, the population was spread out with 29.60% under the age of 18, 14.00% from 18 to 24, 25.70% from 25 to 44, 19.60% from 45 to 64, and 11.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 87.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $23,428, and the median income for a family was $27,301. Males had a median income of $27,643 versus $20,774 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,088. About 27.90% of families and 33.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.90% of those under age 18 and 27.90% of those age 65 or over.

Life expectancy[edit]

According to the most recent data on U.S. life expectancy, published in 2010 by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, a male in Bolivar County could expect to live 65.0 years, the second shortest for any county in the United States, following McDowell County, West Virginia. The national average is 76.1 years for a male.[10]

Senators Robert F. Kennedy and Joseph S. Clark, Jr. had visited "pockets of poverty" in the Mississippi Delta 40 years earlier. In Cleveland, they observed barefoot, underfed African-American children in tattered clothing, with vacant expressions and distended bellies. Kennedy stated that he thought he had seen the worst poverty in the nation in West Virginia, but it paled in comparison to the poverty he observed in Cleveland.[11]

Government[edit]

Bolivar County is governed via a five-member board of supervisors. Each member is elected from a single-member district. The county is led by a county administrator, who is appointed by the board.

Education[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

The county is within the boundaries of two community college districts: Coahoma Community College and Mississippi Delta Community College.[12][13] Their main campuses respectfully are in unincorporated Coahoma County and Moorhead in Sunflower County.

Public School Districts[edit]

School districts:

Former school districts:

The five school districts, other than the Cleveland School District, are among the 20 smallest of the 152 school districts in the State of Mississippi.[14] In the State of Mississippi, Bolivar County was the only county that had six school districts.[15] Consolidation was urged to save money and facilitate cooperation. In 2012 the Mississippi Senate Education Committee passed a bill asking the State of Mississippi to consolidate the six school districts in Bolivar County to three or two.[14] The Mississippi Senate passed the bill 37-11.[15]

Private School[edit]

Media[edit]

The Bolivar Commercial is distributed in Bolivar County.[16]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 33.2% 4,590 65.4% 9,046 1.4% 188
2012 30.5% 4,701 68.6% 10,582 0.9% 145
2008 31.8% 4,891 67.2% 10,334 1.0% 156
2004 36.2% 5,535 62.9% 9,631 0.9% 141
2000 35.8% 4,847 62.3% 8,436 1.9% 255
1996 30.6% 4,027 65.8% 8,670 3.6% 479
1992 33.4% 4,752 61.9% 8,801 4.7% 673
1988 43.3% 6,105 54.0% 7,606 2.7% 374
1984 43.9% 6,939 55.4% 8,769 0.7% 116
1980 35.5% 5,148 61.0% 8,839 3.5% 504
1976 39.9% 5,136 58.7% 7,561 1.4% 178
1972 66.1% 7,397 32.3% 3,616 1.6% 174
1968 15.6% 1,790 40.8% 4,696 43.6% 5,018
1964 86.5% 4,680 13.5% 731
1960 26.9% 1,012 29.7% 1,119 43.5% 1,638
1956 21.5% 754 33.5% 1,176 45.0% 1,581
1952 53.2% 2,096 46.8% 1,843
1948 4.0% 115 7.5% 219 88.5% 2,580
1944 13.4% 378 86.6% 2,444
1940 7.3% 234 92.7% 2,974 0.0% 1
1936 4.2% 101 95.8% 2,296
1932 9.5% 204 90.2% 1,941 0.3% 6
1928 12.1% 266 87.9% 1,939
1924 16.9% 266 77.0% 1,212 6.1% 96
1920 23.8% 326 75.8% 1,039 0.4% 5
1912 2.8% 10 91.0% 324 6.2% 22

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated places[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 2, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved November 2, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 2, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 2, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 2, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ "Life Expectancy, Obesity, and Physical Activity". Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. 2010. 
  11. ^ Schmitt, Edward R. (2011). President of the Other America: Robert Kennedy and the Politics of Poverty. University of Massachusetts Press. pp. 178, 179. ISBN 1558499040. 
  12. ^ "Student Residency." Coahoma Community College. Retrieved on July 8, 2017.
  13. ^ "Message from the President." Mississippi Delta Community College. Retrieved on July 8, 2017.
  14. ^ a b Amy, Jeff. "Bill forces merger of Bolivar school districts[dead link]." Associated Press at the Houston Chronicle. Tuesday March 6, 2012. Retrieved on March 25, 2012. Archive link at The Mississippi Link
  15. ^ a b Amy, Jeff. "Miss. bill would force 6 Bolivar County school districts to merge into 3 or fewer[dead link]." The Republic. March 14, 2012. Retrieved on March 24, 2012.
  16. ^ "bc_masthead1.gif." The Bolivar Commercial. Retrieved on April 15, 2012.
  17. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°47′N 90°53′W / 33.79°N 90.88°W / 33.79; -90.88