The Bolivarian Games (Spanish: Juegos Bolivarianos, full name Juegos Deportivos Bolivarianos) are a regional multi-sport event held in honor of Simón Bolívar, and organized by the Bolivarian Sports Organization (Organización Deportiva Bolivariana, ODEBO). The event is open to athletes from Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela. In 2010, ODEBO decided to include Chile as seventh member of ODEBO.
The first Games were held in 1938 in Bogotá, Colombia for the city's 400th anniversary. They have since been held irregularly, but every four years since 1973, with the last edition in Trujillo, Peru in 2013. Inspired by the events of 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Alberto Nariño Cheyne was the key designer of the idea of a Games to foster unity among the Bolivarian countries through the means of sport.
Following the first Games, the Bolivarian Sports Organization was formed as a sub-organisation of the Pan American Sports Organization by six founding members from the respective countries – Jorge Rodríguez Hurtado (Bolivia), Alberto Nariño Cheyne (Colombia), Galo Plaza Lasso (Ecuador), Luis Saavedra (Panama), Alfredo Hohagen Diez Canseco (Peru) and Julio Bustamante (Venezuela).
In terms of medals, Peru was dominant in the early years of the competition but Venezuela has consistently been the most successful country since the 1960s.
A detailed history of the early editions of the Bolivarian Games between 1938 and 1989 was published in a book written (in Spanish) by José Gamarra Zorrilla, former president of the Bolivian Olympic Committee, and first president (1976-1982) of ODESUR.
|Year||Games||Host City||Host Country||Opened by||Dates||Nations||Events||Top medalling|
The following table was compiled based on information extracted from a variety of sources. It should be considered as incomplete.
Disciplines from the same sport are grouped under the same color:
All-time medal count
The total medal count for all the Games until 2017 is tabulated below. This table is sorted by the number of gold medals won by each country. The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next, and then the number of bronze medals. Chile, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala and Paraguay started competing since the 2013 Bolivarian Games.
As of 2017:
|Bolivarian Games Medal Count|
All time records
- Colombia holds the record for the highest number of gold medals won for a country in a single edition, obtaining 213 gold medals at the 2017 Bolivarian Games in Santa Marta as the host nation.
- Colombia holds the record for the biggest lead of gold medals to second place, obtaining a margin of 119 gold medals over Venezuela in Santa Marta 2017.
- Colombia holds the record for the biggest lead of total medals to second place, 168 medals more than Venezuela in 2017.
- Venezuela holds the record for the highest number of total medals obtained in a single edition with 476 in the 2009 Bolivarian Games in Sucre.
All-time medal count (Beach Games)
|Bolivarian Games Medal Count|
- "Historia". odebolivariana.org (in Spanish). Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- Creacion Archived July 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. (in Spanish). Juegos Bolivarianos. Retrieved on 2009-11-27.
- Historia de los Juegos Deportivos Bolivarianos. EABolivia (2009-11-13). Retrieved on 2009-11-27.
- Gamarra Zorrilla, José, Bolivia Olímpica Capítulos VI al VIII (PDF) (in Spanish), ANDES Academia del Conocimiento y el Desarrollo "Fernando Diez de Medina", retrieved June 28, 2012
- CPNRadio (December 23, 2010). Trujillo seriá la sede de los juegos Bolivarianos 2013 "Trujillo seriá la sede de los Juegos Bolivarianos 2013" Check
|url=value (help) (in Spanish).
- El Telégrafo (July 22, 2013). "Huanchaco será sede de los II Juegos Bolivarianos de Playa" [Huanchaco selected as host city for the 2nd Bolivarian Beach Games] (in Spanish).
- "Iquique acogerá III Juegos Bolivarianos de Playa 2016". ODEBA. 7 March 2015. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
- JUEGOS DEPORTIVOS BOLIVARIANOS DESDE 1938 HASTA 2009 (in Spanish), Comité Olímpico Peruano, archived from the original on August 2, 2012, retrieved June 28, 2012
- PARTICIPACION HISTORICA DEL PERU (PDF) (in Spanish), Comité Olímpico Peruano, archived from the original (PDF) on November 4, 2013, retrieved June 28, 2012
- CUADRO DE MEDALLISTAS ECUATORIANOS EN LA HISTORIA DE LOS J. D. B. POR EDICIÓN (PDF) (in Spanish), Comité Olímpico Ecuatoriano, archived from the original (PDF) on June 8, 2012, retrieved June 28, 2012
- XIX JUEGOS DEPORTIVOS BOLIVARIANOS "AMBATO 2001" - MEDALLISTAS DE ORO POR DEPORTE DE ECUADOR (PDF) (in Spanish), Comité Olímpico Ecuatoriano, archived from the original (PDF) on June 8, 2012, retrieved June 28, 2012
- XV JUEGOS DEPORTIVOS BOLIVARIANOS "ARMENIA-PEREIRA-CARTAGENA-BOGOTA (PDF) (in Spanish), Comité Olímpico Ecuatoriano, archived from the original (PDF) on June 8, 2012, retrieved June 28, 2012
- Quesada F., Estewil (April 24, 1993), Comienza el Ciclo Olímpico (in Spanish), El Tiempo, Bogotá, Colombia, retrieved June 30, 2012
- Comienza el Ciclo Olímpico (in Spanish), El Tiempo, Bogotá, Colombia, May 30, 2000, retrieved June 30, 2012
- AREQUIPA CAPITAL BOLIVARIANA (in Spanish), Explored, Quito, Ecuador, October 16, 1997, archived from the original on January 6, 2013, retrieved June 30, 2012
- HOY SE INAUGURAN LOS JUEGOS BOLIVARIANOS DE AMBATO (in Spanish), Explored, Quito, Ecuador, September 7, 2001, archived from the original on January 6, 2013, retrieved June 30, 2012
- Pierrend, José Luis; Cornejo, Alfonzo (September 3, 2005), Bolivarian Games: Soccer Tournaments, RSSSF -- The Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation, retrieved June 30, 2012
- HISTORIA DEL BOXEO EN COLOMBIA (in Spanish), boxeodecolombia, retrieved June 30, 2012
- Tiro Olímpico. Historial de Medallas (PDF) (in Spanish), Federación Venezolana de Tiro, retrieved June 30, 2012
- Participantes en Ciclos Olímpicos (in Spanish), Federación Peruana de Lucha Amateur, September 21, 2010, retrieved June 30, 2012
- Se inician hoy los Juegos Bolivarianos (in Spanish), La Prensa, Panamá, September 7, 2001, retrieved June 30, 2012
- XIV Juegos Bolivarianos Ambato 2001 (in Spanish), Diario HOY, Quito, Ecuador, archived from the original on July 7, 2012, retrieved June 30, 2012
- XV Juegos Bolivarianos 2005 - Armenia - Pereira (in Spanish), archived from the original on July 22, 2012, retrieved June 30, 2012
- CARACAS EN RETROSPECTIVA - JUEGOS DEPORTIVOS BOLIVARIANOS 1951 (in Spanish), September 1, 2012, retrieved October 23, 2012
- ECUADOR SE CLASIFICO EN SEGUNDO TERMINO (in Spanish), El Tiempo, August 23, 1938, pp. 4, 7 (original page no.: 6,13), retrieved October 24, 2012
- RESULTADOS GENERALES DE LOS JUEGOS BOLIVARIANOS (in Spanish), El Tiempo, August 23, 1938, pp. 4, 5 (original page no.: 6,7), retrieved October 24, 2012
- Méndez, Jorge (December 29, 1947), La Ciudad de los Virreyes Está de Fiesta por los Juegos Bolivarianos - Sin complejos de inferioridad debemos ganar el béisbol - Un balance de las justas bolivarianos por Jorge Méndez, enviad especial de EL TIEMPO a Lima (in Spanish), El Tiempo, p. 7 (original page no.: 13), retrieved October 25, 2012
- El Atletismo Llega a su Etapa Final - Triunfos de Colombia en Natación, Tiro, Ajedrez, Billar - Panamá y el Perú Acaparon las Victorias en la Pruebas de la Jornada de Atletismo (in Spanish), El Tiempo, December 11, 1951, p. 6 (original page no.: 10), retrieved October 26, 2012
- COLOMBIA CAMPEON BOLIVARIANO DE FUTBOL - Bríllante Tríunfo de Forero en la Prueba de Fondo - Holder, de Panamá, Quebró los Records Bolivariano y Panamericano de pesas - Perú conquistó el pentathlon moderno - Lloreda ganó la prueba contra reloj - Exitos de Panamá y Venezuela en boxeo (in Spanish), El Tiempo, December 17, 1951, p. 10 (original page no.: 17), retrieved October 26, 2012
- Quesada, Estewil (January 15, 1989), En la Inauguración de los Bolivarianos - Folclor por encima de la fantasía (in Spanish), El Tiempo, retrieved January 18, 2013