Bolivia–Cuba relations

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Bolivia-Cuba relations
Map indicating locations of Bolivia and Cuba

Bolivia

Cuba

Bolivia–Cuba relations refers to the diplomatic relations between Bolivia and Cuba. Both nations are members of the United Nations, but relations of Bolivia with Cuba, like those of most countries in the Western Hemisphere with the notable exceptions of Canada and Mexico, have waxed and waned over the decades depending on geopolitical and regional political circumstances. Relations were good under Evo Morales, who shared the position of his like-minded far-left allies in Nicaragua and Venezuela that Fidel Castro was a humanist and beloved icon of resistance to US hegemony in the Americas.

Rapprochement[edit]

From left to right, the three to the center: former consul Jessica Suarez Mamani, former secretary Natalia Rodriguez Blanco and former ambassador Juan Ramón Quintana.

Relations were established on January 11, 1983 under Bolivian President Hernán Siles Zuazo and Cuban President Fidel Castro after twenty years of no relations.[1] In 2013, relations were characterized as "excellent" by Cuban ambassador to Bolivia La Paz Rolando Gomez.[2]

Relations under Evo Morales[edit]

Following Evo Morales' rise to power in Bolivia in January 2006, Bolivia and Cuba became staunch allies and Bolivia joined the Cuba- and Venezuela-founded trade bloc ALBA. Bolivia became a long time recipient of aid from Cuba, especially Cuban medical internationalism.[3]

Post-Evo Morales[edit]

Following the ouster of Evo Morales in November 2019, relations between Bolivia and Cuba deteriorated as Bolivia's new interim president Jeanine Áñez slammed Cuba for propping up its political ally Nicolas Maduro.[4][5] The government of Jeanine Añez directly accused the Cuban actions to the relationship established by and through former minister and former ambassador Juan Ramón Quintana and also former minister Hugo Moldiz, who would have been the link for Cuban action[6][7] on Bolivian soil through the former Bolivian consul in Cuba, Jessica Suarez Mamani[8] and the secretary of Quintana, Natalia Rodriguez Blanco[9][10].

References[edit]

  1. ^ Feinsilver, Julie M. (1993-10-28). Healing the Masses: Cuban Health Politics at Home and Abroad. University of California Press. pp. 174–. ISBN 9780520913950. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  2. ^ Ietra, Tamaño (11 January 2013). "Cuba and Bolivia Mark 30th Anniversary of Diplomatic Relations". Cuban News Agency. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  3. ^ Cross-continental Care: US and Cuban Medical Internationalism in Bolivia. 2015.
  4. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/reuters/2019/11/15/world/americas/15reuters-bolivia-election.html
  5. ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/us-bolivia-cuba/cuba-cries-foul-as-doctors-head-home-from-bolivia-idUSKBN1XQ0JJ
  6. ^ "Bolivia blames Cubans for stirring unrest, ousts Venezuelan officials". Reuters. 2019-11-16. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  7. ^ Welle (www.dw.com), Deutsche. "Bolivia cuts ties with Venezuela, orders Cuban doctors to leave | DW | 15.11.2019". DW.COM. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  8. ^ web, denis. "Embajada de Bolivia realiza Rendición Pública de Cuentas Gestión 2018 e inicial 2019". www.embajadadeboliviaencuba.org (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  9. ^ "Gobierno interino boliviano: cubanos y otros extranjeros participan en protestas". mundo.sputniknews.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  10. ^ "Acusan a extranjeros de dirigir movilizaciones en regiones del país". Los Tiempos (in Spanish). 2019-11-15. Retrieved 2019-12-30.