Bolivian National Convention of 1938

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The Bolivian National Convention of 1938 was an elected constituent assembly held from May 23 to October 30,[1] and charged with rewriting the constitution of Bolivia. President David Toro called for the National Convention in 1937, but had been replaced by Germán Busch by the time it was held. Voter rolls for electing Convention members were opened in August 1937, and the vote was held in March 1938.[2]

The National Convention consisted of elected Senators and Deputies meeting in a unicameral legislature for the purposes of writing the constitution.[3] The dominant force in the National Convention was the Sole Socialist Front, an alliance of the Syndical Confederation of Workers of Bolivia (CSTB) and the Legion of Ex-Combatants (veterans of the Chaco War), backed by the Busch government.[4] The president of the gathering was Renato Riverín.[1]

The National Convention was the first national legislative body to meet in Bolivia in over three years.[4] The 1938 Convention was also the first time workers were included in a Bolivian constituent assembly.[5] In October 1938, the body successfully produced the Bolivian Constitution of 1938.

Chamber of Senators[edit]

Senator Party Department
Bernardo Navajas Trigo PL Tarija
Carlos Medinaceli FPP Potosí
Eduardo Rodríguez Vásquez PL La Paz
Germán Chávez PL Santa Cruz
Gregorio Balcázar ??? Pando
Gregorio Mendizábal PRS Chuquisaca
José Antezana PL Cochabamba
José P. Bilbao Llano ??? La Paz
Julio Pantoja Estenssoro PRS Tarija
Julio Salmón PL Santa Cruz
Luis Herrero PRS Oruro
Napoleón Solares Arias PL Beni
Otoniel Quiroga PRS Cochabamba
Pablo Saucedo Barbery PL Pando
Renato A. Riverín FPP Potosí
Ricardo Rivera ??? Oruro
Sebastián García Agreda ??? Chuquisaca
Sócrates Parada Suárez PL Beni

[6]

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Deputy Party Department
Abel Leyes PSU Oruro
Abel Márquez ??? Tarija
Adolfo Aponte ind Beni
Adolfo Leigue ??? Pando
Adolfo Paco Careaga ??? La Paz
Adolfo Román ??? Santa Cruz
Adrián Camacho Porcel PSU Chuquisaca
Adrián Oblitas ??? La Paz
Agustín Landívar Zambrana ??? Santa Cruz
Alberto Berdeja ??? Chuquisaca
Alberto Echazú ??? Chuquisaca
Alberto Zelada ??? Chuquisaca
Alfredo Arratia FPP Potosí
Alfredo Mollinedo PSU La Paz
Ángel Jordán ??? Cochabamba
Ángel Mendizábal PL Oruro
Antonio Campero Arce PSU Tarija
Antonio Mogro Moreno ??? Tarija
Antonio Munguía PSU Beni
Aquino Ibáñez Coruco ??? Santa Cruz
Armando Renjel ??? Oruro
Augusto Céspedes Patzi PSI Cochabamba
Augusto Chávez C. ??? Beni
Augusto Guzmán PSU Cochabamba
Carlos Cortez ??? Potosí
Carlos Gómez Cornejo PRS La Paz
Carlos Gregorio Taborga ??? Potosí
Carlos Machicao PRS La Paz
Corsino Rodríguez Quiroga ??? Potosí
David Ardaya ??? Cochabamba
Desiderio M. Rivera PSU Chuquisaca
Eduardo Fajardo ??? Oruro
Emilio Sejas ??? Potosí
Enrique Baldivieso PSU Potosí
Enrique Liendo ??? Oruro
Enrique Reyes Barrón ??? Chuquisaca
Esteban Durán ??? Chuquisaca
Eustaquio Bilbao Rioja ??? Potosí
Facundo Flores Jiménez PSU Santa Cruz
Federico Román ??? La Paz
Felipe Ayala Gamboa PSU Cochabamba
Félix Eguino Zaballa PSU La Paz
Félix Vargas Soto ??? La Paz
Fernando Justiniano ??? Santa Cruz
Fernando Siñani FPP Potosí
Francisco Hurtado ??? Santa Cruz
Gastón Pacheco ??? Potosí
Germán Pareja ??? Chuquisaca
Gonzalo Cuéllar Jiménez ??? Beni
Gonzalo Suárez Dorado ??? Beni
Guillermo Rivero PSU Potosí
Gustavo Auzza PRS Tarija
Hugo Pizarro Aráoz ??? Tarija
Humberto del Solar ??? La Paz
Humberto Montaño ??? Cochabamba
Ismael Zuazo ??? Pando
Jesús Lijerón Rodríguez ind Beni
Jesús Rioja Aponte ??? Beni
Jorge Arana Urioste ??? Chuquisaca
Jorge Araoz Campero PSI Tarija
Jorge Bailón Saravia PSU La Paz
Jorge Mercado Rosales PSU Cochabamba
José Anaya ??? Cochabamba
José Antonio Camacho POR Cochabamba
José Antonio Zegada ??? Cochabamba
José Bascón ??? La Paz
José Chávez Suárez PL Pando
José Daniel Antelo ??? Santa Cruz
José Enrique Peña ??? Cochabamba
José María Cortez ??? Potosí
José Romero Loza PSU Chuquisaca
José Serrate ??? Santa Cruz
Juan Manuel Suárez ind Beni
Julián Montellano PSI Oruro
Julio Espinoza PSI Cochabamba
Julio Velasco G. ??? Potosí
Lucio Lanza Solares PRS Potosí
Lucio Vargas Díaz PRS Cochabamba
Luis Alberto Tapia ??? La Paz
Luis Barbery ??? La Paz
Luis Felipe Guzmán PL Cochabamba
Luis Ossio Ruiz PSU Potosí
Mario Ortiz Suárez ??? Santa Cruz
Nataniel García Chávez ??? Beni
Nazario Pardo Valle PSU La Paz
Óscar Emilio Arauz LEC Chuquisaca
Ricardo Gambarte ??? Chuquisaca
Rigoberto Villarroel Claure ??? La Paz
Roberto Jordán Cuéllar PSU Pando
Roberto Prado ??? Santa Cruz
Rodolfo Costas PSI Cochabamba
Rodolfo Soriano PSU Cochabamba
Rufino Saldaña ??? La Paz
Severo Clavijo Suárez ??? Potosí
Sixto Montero Hoyos ??? Santa Cruz
Telesforo Morales ??? Oruro
Tomás Chávez Lobatón ind La Paz
Trifonio Delgado PRS Oruro
Víctor Paz Estenssoro PSI Tarija
Waldo Álvarez España PO La Paz
Wálter Guevara Arze PSI Cochabamba
Wálter Portillo ??? La Paz
Wálter Suárez Landívar ??? Santa Cruz

[7]

PL – Liberal Party

PSU – United Socialist Party

PRS – Socialist Republican Party

FPP – Popular Front of Potosí

POR – Revolutionary Workers' Party

LEC – Legion of Veterans

PO – Workers' Party

PSI – Independent Socialist Party

ind – independent

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rossana Barragán, "Ciudadanía y elecciones, convenciones y debates" in Barragán R., Rossana; José Luis Roca (2005). Regiones y poder constituyente en Bolivia : una historia de pactos y disputas. Cuaderno de futuro, 21. La Paz, Bolivia: PNUD. p. 336. ISBN 978-99905-0-960-1. 
  2. ^ Rossana Barragán, "Ciudadanía y elecciones, convenciones y debates" in Barragán R., Rossana; José Luis Roca (2005). Regiones y poder constituyente en Bolivia : una historia de pactos y disputas. Cuaderno de futuro, 21. La Paz, Bolivia: PNUD. p. 361. ISBN 978-99905-0-960-1. 
  3. ^ Klein, Herbert S. (1966-01-01). ""Social Constitutionalism" in Latin America: The Bolivian Experience of 1938". The Americas. 22 (3): 258–276. doi:10.2307/979170. ISSN 0003-1615. 
  4. ^ a b Gotkowitz, Laura (2007). A revolution for our rights: Indigenous struggles for land and justice in Bolivia, 1880–1952. Durham: Duke University Press. p. 115. 
  5. ^ Rossana Barragán, "Ciudadanía y elecciones, convenciones y debates" in Barragán R., Rossana; José Luis Roca (2005). Regiones y poder constituyente en Bolivia : una historia de pactos y disputas. Cuaderno de futuro, 21. La Paz, Bolivia: PNUD. p. 279. ISBN 978-99905-0-960-1. 
  6. ^ Valentín Abecia López. Montenegro: homenaje del Honorable Senado Nacional, a los 44 años de su muerte. Honorable Senado Nacional, 1997. Pp. 138.
  7. ^ Valentín Abecia López. Montenegro: homenaje del Honorable Senado Nacional, a los 44 años de su muerte. Honorable Senado Nacional, 1997. Pp. 139-143.