President of Bolivia

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President of the Plurinational State of Bolivia
Presidente del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg
Coat of arms of Bolivia
Evo Morales 2011.jpg
Incumbent
Evo Morales

since 22 January 2006
Residence Palacio Quemado
Appointer Direct Popular Election
Term length Five years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Simón Bolívar
Formation 11 August 1825
Website www.presidencia.gob.bo
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Bolivia

The President of the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Spanish: Presidente del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia) or President of Bolivia (Spanish: Presidente de Bolivia), is head of state and head of government of Bolivia. According to the current Constitution, the president is elected by popular vote to a five-year term, renewable once.[1] Prior to the 2009 constitutional reforms, if no candidate received half the popular vote, the president was chosen by a vote in a joint legislative session from among the top two candidates (prior to 1995, the top three candidates were eligible). The 2009 constitution introduced a second-round runoff election.

The current President of Bolivia is Evo Morales, since 22 January 2006. He was elected in 2005, and reelected in 2009 and again in 2014. On October 17, 2015, Morales surpassed Andrés de Santa Cruz's nine years, eight months, and twenty-four days in office and became Bolivia's longest serving president.[2]

History[edit]

During its more than 191 years of independence, Bolivia has been ruled by the military leaders who fought for independence, the leaders of the War of the Pacific, representatives of the aristocracy, and democratically-elected leaders. Also, the history of the presidency has involved civil wars, coups and violence.

Different titles have been used, such as "Liberator of Bolivia" (used by Simón Bolívar and Antonio José de Sucre), and "Supreme Protector" (by Andrés de Santa Cruz).

The following table contains a list of the individuals who have served as President of Bolivia.

List of Presidents of Bolivia[edit]

# Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Began office Left office Title(s)
1 Bolivar Arturo Michelena.jpg Simón Bolívar
(1783–1830)
11 August 1825 29 December 1825 Liberator of Bolivia
2 Gran marical de ayacucho.jpg Antonio José de Sucre
(1795–1830)
29 December 1825 18 April 1828 Liberator of Bolivia (29 December 1825 – 19 June 1826)
President (19 June 1826 – 18 April 1828)
3 Jose maria perez de urdinena.jpg José María Pérez de Urdininea
(1784–1865)
18 April 1828 2 August 1828 President
4 José Miguel de Velasco Franco.jpg José Miguel de Velasco Franco
(1795–1859)
2 August 1828 18 December 1828 Acting President
5 Pedro Blanco Soto.jpg Pedro Blanco Soto
(1795–1829)
18 December 1828 1 January 1829 Provisional President
6 José Miguel de Velasco Franco.jpg José Miguel de Velasco Franco
(1795–1859)
1 January 1829 24 May 1829 Acting President
7 Andréssantacruz2.jpg Andrés de Santa Cruz
(1792–1865)
24 May 1829 20 February 1839 Provisional President (29 May 1829 – 15 August 1831)
President (15 August 1831 – 20 February 1839)
Supreme Protector of the Peru–Bolivian Confederation (28 October 1836 – 20 February 1839)
8 José Miguel de Velasco Franco.jpg José Miguel de Velasco Franco
(1795–1859)
20 February 1839 10 June 1841 Provisional Supreme Chief (20 February 1839 – 16 June 1839)
Provisional President (16 June 1839 – 15 August 1840)
President (15 August 1840 – 10 June 1841)
9 Sebastián Ágreda - bolivianischer Präsident.jpg Sebastián Ágreda
(1783–1830)
10 June 1841 9 July 1841 Provisional Chief
10 Mariano Calvo.jpg Mariano Calvo
(1782–1842)
9 July 1841 22 September 1841 Acting President
11 José Ballivián.jpg José Ballivián
(1805–1852)
22 September 1841 23 December 1847 Provisional President (22 September 1841 – 15 August 1844)
President (15 August 1844 – 23 December 1847)
12 Eusebio Guilarte Vera - bolivianischer Präsident.jpg Eusebio Guilarte Vera
(1805–1849)
23 December 1847 2 January 1848 Interim President
13 José Miguel de Velasco Franco.jpg José Miguel de Velasco Franco
(1795–1859)
18 January 1848 6 December 1848 Provisional President
14 ManuelIsidoroBelzu.jpg Manuel Isidoro Belzu
(1808–1865)
6 December 1848 15 August 1855 Provisional President (6 December 1848 – 15 August 1850)
President (15 August 1850 – 15 August 1855)
15 Jorge-cordova.jpg Jorge Córdova
(1808–1865)
15 August 1855 21 October 1857 President
16 José María Linares.jpg José María Linares
(1822–1861)
21 October 1857 14 January 1861 Provisional President (21 October 1857 – 1858)
Dictator for Life (1858 – 14 January 1861)
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Government Junta 14 January 1861 4 May 1861 Members:
Ruperto Fernández
José María Achá
Manuel Antonio Sánchez (to 9 April 1861)
17 JoseMariaAcha.jpg José María Achá
(1810–1868)
4 May 1861 28 December 1864 Provisional President (4 May 1861 – 15 August 1862)
President (15 August 1862 – 28 December 1864)
18 MarianoMelgarejo.jpg Mariano Melgarejo
(1820–1871)
28 December 1864 15 January 1871 Provisional President (28 December 1864 – 15 August 1870)
President (15 August 1870 – 15 January 1871)
19 AGUST N MORALES HERN NDEZ.jpg Agustín Morales
(1808–1872)
15 January 1871 27 November 1872 Supreme Chief of the Revolution (15 January 1871 – 21 January 1871)
Provisional President (21 January 1871 – 25 August 1872)
President (25 August 1872 – 27 November 1872)
20 TOMÁS FRÍAS AMETLLER.jpg Tomás Frías Ametller
(1804–1884)
28 November 1872 9 May 1873 President
21 ADOLFO BALLIVI N COLL.jpg Adolfo Ballivián
(1831–1874)
9 May 1873 14 February 1874 President
22 TOMÁS FRÍAS AMETLLER.jpg Tomás Frías Ametller
(1804–1884)
14 February 1874 4 May 1876 President
23 HILARIÓN DAZA GROSELLE.jpg Hilarión Daza
(1840–1894)
4 May 1876 17 April 1879 President
24 Pedro José Domingo de Guerra, en un retrato al daguerrotipo de 1848.jpg Pedro José Domingo de Guerra
(1809–1879)
17 April 1879 10 September 1879 President
25 NARCISO CAMPERO LEYES.jpg Narciso Campero
(1813–1896)
19 January 1880 3 September 1884 President
26 GREGORIO PACHECO LEYES.jpg Gregorio Pacheco
(1823–1899)
3 September 1884 15 August 1888 President
27 Aniceto Arce.jpg Aniceto Arce
(1824–1906)
15 August 1888 11 August 1892 President
28 Mariano Baptista Caserta.jpg Mariano Baptista
(1832–1907)
11 August 1892 19 August 1896 President
29 SEVERO FERNÁNDEZ ALONSO CABALLERO.jpg Severo Fernández
(1849–1925)
19 August 1896 12 April 1899 President
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Government Junta 12 April 1899 25 October 1899 Members:
José Manuel Pando
Serapio Reyes Ortiz
Macario Pinilla Vargas
30 J M PANDO.jpg José Manuel Pando
(1849–1917)
25 October 1899 14 August 1904 President
31 Ismael Montes 1914.jpg Ismael Montes
(1861–1933)
14 August 1904 12 October 1909 President
32 Eliodoro Villazón.jpg Eliodoro Villazón
(1848–1939)
12 October 1909 14 October 1913 President
33 Ismael Montes 1914.jpg Ismael Montes
(1861–1933)
14 October 1913 15 October 1917 President
34 Jose Gutierrez Guerra.jpg José Gutiérrez Guerra
(1869–1929)
15 October 1917 12 July 1920 President
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Government Junta 13 July 1920 28 January 1921 Members:
Bautista Saavedra
José María Escalier
José Manuel Ramírez
35 SAAVEDRA B.jpg Bautista Saavedra
(1870–1939)
28 January 1921 3 September 1925 President
36 Felipe segundo guzman.jpg Felipe S. Guzmán
(1879–1932)
3 September 1925 10 January 1926 Provisional President
37 Hernando siles reyes.jpg Hernando Siles Reyes
(1882–1942)
10 January 1926 28 May 1930 President
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Council of Ministers 28 May 1930 25 June 1930 Members:
Alberto Díez de Medina
Germán Antelo Arauz (to 17 June 1930)
Franklin Mercado
David Toro
José Aguirre Achá
Fidel Vega
Carlos Banzer
Ezequiel Romecín Calderón (from 17 June 1930)
38 Ex presidente Carlos Blanco Galindo.jpg Carlos Blanco Galindo
(1882–1943)
28 June 1930 5 March 1931 Chairman of the Military Government Junta

Members:
José L. Lanza
Filiberto Osorio
Bernardino Bilbao Rioja
Emilio González Quint
José Ayoroa

39 Daniel Salamanca Urey.jpg Daniel Salamanca Urey
(1869–1935)
5 March 1931 27 November 1934 President
40 Tejada s-6d1d4-ea69a-33ed0.jpg José Luis Tejada Sorzano
(1882–1938)
28 November 1934 17 May 1936 President
41 Busch german.jpg Germán Busch
(1904–1939)
17 May 1936 20 May 1936 Chairman of the Government Junta
42 DAVID TORO RUILOVA.jpg David Toro
(1898–1977)
20 May 1936 13 July 1937 Chairman of the Government Junta
43 Busch german.jpg Germán Busch
(1904–1939)
13 July 1937 23 August 1939 Chairman of the Government Junta (13 July 1937 – 28 May 1938)
President (28 May 1938 – 23 August 1939)
44 CARLOS QUINTANILLA QUIROGA.jpg Carlos Quintanilla
(1888–1964)
23 August 1939 15 April 1940 Provisional President
45 Penaranda.jpg Enrique Peñaranda
(1892–1969)
15 April 1940 20 December 1943 President
46 Gualberto Villarroel.jpg Gualberto Villarroel
(1908–1946)
20 December 1943 21 July 1946 Chairman of the Government Junta (20 December 1943 – 5 April 1944)
Provisional President (5 April 1944 – 6 August 1944)
President (6 August 1944 – 21 July 1946)
47 Nestor guillen olmos.jpg Néstor Guillén
(1890–1966)
21 July 1946 15 August 1946 Chairman of the Provisional Government Junta
48 Tomas monje gutierrez 1.jpg Tomás Monje
(1884–1954)
15 August 1946 10 March 1947 Chairman of the Provisional Government Junta
49 Enr herz.jpg Enrique Hertzog
(1896–1980)
10 March 1947 22 October 1949 President
50 Mamer-urriol.jpg Mamerto Urriolagoitía
(1895–1974)
22 October 1949 16 May 1951 Acting President (22 October 1949 – 24 October 1949)
President (24 October 1949 – 16 May 1951)
51 Hugo Ballivian Rojas.jpg Hugo Ballivián
(1901–1993)
16 May 1951 11 April 1952 Chairman of the Military Junta
Members:
Antonió Seleme Vargas
Humberto Torres Ortiz
52 Hernán Siles Zuazo.jpg Hernán Siles Zuazo
(1914–1996)
11 April 1952 16 April 1952 Provisional President
53 Victor Paz Estenssoro 1958.jpg Víctor Paz Estenssoro
(1907–2001)
16 April 1952 6 August 1956 President
54 Hernán Siles Zuazo.jpg Hernán Siles Zuazo
(1914–1996)
6 August 1956 6 August 1960 President
55 Victor Paz Estenssoro 1958.jpg Víctor Paz Estenssoro
(1907–2001)
6 August 1960 4 November 1964 President
56 Rene barrientos.jpg René Barrientos
(1919–1969)
5 November 1964 26 May 1965 Chairman of the Military Junta
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg René Barrientos
(1919–1969) + Alfredo Ovando Candía
(1918–1982)
26 May 1965 2 January 1966 Co-Chairmen of the Military Junta
57 Alfredo Ovando.jpg Alfredo Ovando Candía
(1918–1982)
2 January 1966 6 August 1966 Chairman of the Military Junta
58 Rene barrientos.jpg René Barrientos
(1919–1969)
6 August 1966 27 April 1969 President
59 Siles Salinas.jpg Luis Adolfo Siles Salinas
(1925–2005)
27 April 1969 26 September 1969 President
60 Alfredo Ovando.jpg Alfredo Ovando Candía
(1918–1982)
26 September 1969 6 October 1970 President
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1970 6 October 1970 7 October 1970 Members:
Efraín Guachalla Ibáñez
Fernando Sattori Ribera
Alberto Albarracín Crespo
61 Juan José Torres.JPG Juan José Torres
(1920–1976)
7 October 1970 21 August 1971 President
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1971 21 August 1971 22 August 1971 Members:
Andrés Selich Chop (Chairmen)
Hugo Banzer
Jaime Florentino Mendieta
62 Hugo banzer suarez.jpg Hugo Banzer
(1926–2002)
22 August 1971 21 July 1978 President
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Víctor González Fuentes 21 July 1978 21 July 1978 Chairman of the Military Junta
63 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Juan Pereda
(1931–2012)
21 July 1978 24 November 1978 President
64 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg David Padilla
(1927–)
24 November 1978 8 August 1979 Chairman of the Military Junta
65 WÁLTER GUEVARA ARZE.jpg Wálter Guevara
(1912–1996)
8 August 1979 1 November 1979 Acting President
66 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Alberto Natusch
(1933–1994)
1 November 1979 16 November 1979 President
67 Lidia Gueiler Tejada1.jpg Lidia Gueiler Tejada
(1921–2011)
17 November 1979 18 July 1980 Acting President
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1980 18 July 1980 18 July 1980 Members:
Luis García Meza Tejada
Waldo Bernal Pereira
Ramiro Terrazas Rodríguez
68 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Luis García Meza Tejada
(1929–)
18 July 1980 4 August 1981 President
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1981 4 August 1981 4 September 1981 Members:
Waldo Bernal Pereira
Celso Torrelio
Óscar Jaime Pammo
69 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Celso Torrelio
(1933–1999)
4 September 1981 19 July 1982 President
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1982 19 July 1982 21 July 1982 Members:
Natalio Morales Mosquera
Óscar Jaime Pammo
Ángel Mariscal Gómez
70 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Guido Vildoso
(1937–)
21 July 1982 10 October 1982 President
71 Hernán Siles Zuazo.jpg Hernán Siles Zuazo
(1914–1996)
10 October 1982 6 August 1985 President
72 Victor Paz Estenssoro 1958.jpg Víctor Paz Estenssoro
(1907–2001)
6 August 1985 6 August 1989 President
73 Jaime paz zamora.jpg Jaime Paz Zamora
(1939–)
6 August 1989 6 August 1993 President
74 Gonzalo sanchez de lozada.jpg Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada
(1930–)
6 August 1993 6 August 1997 President
75 Hugo banzer suarez.jpg Hugo Banzer
(1926–2002)
6 August 1997 7 August 2001 President
76 Jorge Quiroga-1.jpg Jorge Quiroga
(1960–)
7 August 2001 6 August 2002 President
77 Gonzalo sanchez de lozada.jpg Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada
(1930–)
6 August 2002 17 October 2003 President
78 Carlos Mesa.jpg Carlos Mesa
(1953–)
17 October 2003 9 June 2005 President
79 Eduardo Rodríguez Veltzé en la XV Cumbre Iberoamericana.jpg Eduardo Rodríguez
(1956–)
9 June 2005 22 January 2006 President
80 Evo Morales 2011.jpg Evo Morales
(1959–)
22 January 2006 Incumbent President

Historical reputation[edit]

In 1983, a poll was taken by the newspaper Última Hora to determine which seven historical presidents were regarded as most significant. The "winners" were Antonio José de Sucre, Andrés de Santa Cruz, Manuel Isidoro Belzu, Mariano Melgarejo, Aniceto Arce, Ismael Montes, and Víctor Paz Estenssoro.

Latest election[edit]

Party Presidential candidate Votes % Seats
Chamber Senate
Seats +/– Seats +/–
Movement for Socialism Evo Morales 3,173,304 61.36 88 0[a] 25 –1
Democrat Unity Samuel Doria Medina 1,253,288 24.23 32 9
Christian Democratic Party Jorge Quiroga 467,311 9.04 10 2
Movement without Fear Juan del Granado 140,285 2.71 0 -4[b] 0
Green Party of Bolivia Fernando Vargas 137,240 2.65 0 0
Total (94.2% of ballots cast; 86.6% of electorate) 5,171,428 100 130 0 36 0
Invalid (null) votes 208,061 3.8
Blank votes 108,187 2.0
Total ballots cast (91.9% of electorate) 5,487,676
Registered voters 5,971,152
Source:Tribunal Supremo Electoral (Final Results in Spanish; Final results by department, province, and municipality).
  1. ^ The previous Movement for Socialism total included four deputies belonging to the Movement without Fear.
  2. ^ Four deputies belonging to the Movement without Fear were elected in alliance with the Movement for Socialism in 2009.

Presidential succession[edit]

In the event of the death or permanent incapacity of the President, the Vice President of Bolivia would assume the office. The President of the Senate and the President of the Chamber of Deputies are third and fourth in the line of succession. In the 2005 political crisis, with all of these positions exhausted, Eduardo Rodríguez Veltzé, the Chief Justice of the Bolivian Supreme Court, assumed the presidency. Under the 2009 Constitution, however, the assumption of power by the President of the Chamber of Deputies automatically precipitates an election within 90 days.[3]

Acting President[edit]

In the case of temporary incapacity or absence from the country, the title of Acting President (Spanish: Presidente en ejercicio) is transferred to lower officials according to the order of presidential succession. In September 2012, Senate President Gabriela Montaño became the first woman to assume this office since the presidency of Lidia Gueiler Tejada.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bl.html
  2. ^ Quiroga T., José Antonio (2015-10-11). "Andrés de Santa Cruz y Evo Morales". Página Siete. Retrieved 2016-06-23. 
  3. ^ "Artículo 169: En caso de impedimento o ausencia definitiva de la Presidenta o del Presidente del Estado, será reemplazada o reemplazado en el cargo por la Vicepresidenta o el Vicepresidente y, a falta de ésta o éste, por la Presidenta o el Presidente del Senado, y a falta de ésta o éste por la Presidente o el Presidente de la Cámara de Diputados. En este último caso, se convocarán nuevas elecciones en el plazo máximo de noventa días." "Segunda Parte, Título II, Capítulo Primero". Nueva Constitución Política del Estado (PDF). pp. 36–37. Retrieved 12 February 2009. 
  4. ^ Corz, Carlos (23 September 2012). "Montaño asume la Presidencia interina de Bolivia, Evo va a la ONU y hablará del mar". La Razón. Retrieved 24 September 2012. 

External links[edit]