Boljoon

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Boljoon
Municipality of Boljoon
Boljoon
Boljoon
Map of Cebu with Boljoon highlighted
Map of Cebu with Boljoon highlighted
Boljoon is located in Philippines
Boljoon
Boljoon
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 9°38′N 123°26′E / 9.63°N 123.43°E / 9.63; 123.43Coordinates: 9°38′N 123°26′E / 9.63°N 123.43°E / 9.63; 123.43
Country Philippines
RegionCentral Visayas (Region VII)
ProvinceCebu
District2nd district of Cebu
Founded1600
Barangays11 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorMerlou Derama
 • Vice MayorErvin Villanueva
 • CongressmanWilfredo Caminero
 • Electorate10,216 voters (2016)
Area
[2]
 • Total117.00 km2 (45.17 sq mi)
Elevation
368 m (1,207 ft)
Population
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total16,344
 • Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
6024
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)32
Climate typeTropical climate
Income class5th municipal income class
Revenue (₱)64.1 million  (2016)
Native languagesCebuano
Tagalog
Websitewww.boljoon.com

Boljoon, officially the Municipality of Boljoon, (Cebuano: Lungsod sa Boljoon; Tagalog: Bayan ng Boljoon), is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 16,344 people.[3]

Boljo-on, as locally called on, has a total land area of 117.00 km2 (45.17 sq mi).

Boljoon is bordered to the north by the town of Alcoy, to the west are the towns of Malabuyoc, to the east is the Cebu Strait, and to the south is the town of Oslob.

Barangays[edit]

Boljoon comprises 11 barangays, of which six (including Poblacion) are coastal, and the rest inland:

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[4]
072212008 Arbor 6.6% 1,076 1,035 0.74%
072212001 Baclayan 2.9% 468 438 1.27%
072212002 El Pardo 20.0% 3,264 2,953 1.92%
072212003 Granada 7.7% 1,253 1,046 3.50%
072212004 Lower Becerril 7.9% 1,297 1,153 2.27%
072212009 Lunop 5.6% 916 874 0.90%
072212010 Nangka 4.2% 679 590 2.71%
072212005 Poblacion 25.0% 4,082 3,709 1.84%
072212006 San Antonio 6.8% 1,114 1,125 −0.19%
072212011 South Granada 5.1% 839 813 0.60%
072212007 Upper Becerril 8.3% 1,356 1,291 0.94%
Total 16,344 15,027 1.61%

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Boljoon
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 7,299—    
1918 9,121+1.50%
1939 10,087+0.48%
1948 11,299+1.27%
1960 9,151−1.74%
1970 11,049+1.90%
1975 11,359+0.56%
1980 10,735−1.12%
1990 11,646+0.82%
1995 12,318+1.06%
2000 13,380+1.79%
2007 14,877+1.47%
2010 15,027+0.37%
2015 16,344+1.61%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][4][5][6]

Boljoon Church[edit]

Church of Patrocinio de Maria

Nuestra Señora de Patrocinio Parish Church of Boljoon shows old and intricate carvings and bas-reliefs. It is in a pseudo-baroque rococo style. It has a main nave, a transcript, and twenty-eight pillars which support the walls. The walls are as thick as the pillars which are two metres (6 ft 7 in) thick and made of mortar and lime.

Boljoon became a visita of Carcar founded according to some authors in 1599. It became an independent vicariate on 31 October 1690, and on 5 April 1692, Fr. Nicolas de la Cuadra was appointed as prior. Because of the lack of priests, the church was turned over to the Jesuits on 27 September 1737, following the recommendation of the intermediate chapter of 1732. In the year 1747, the General of the Augustinians Order proposed the recovery of the parishes left off in the Visayas.[7]

Boljoon's earlier building had been destroyed in a raid in 1782, and its pastor Fr. Ambrosio Otero started rebuilding the following year. The work was continued by Fr. Manuel Cordero in 1794 but when Fr. Julian arrived, the work was not yet completed. He decided to build a blockhouse 120 by 80 metres (390 ft × 260 ft) on which artillery was mounted, and he enclosed the church perimeter with a wall. He finally completed the church. The church and the adjoining convento were restored by Fr. Leandro Moran (1920–1948) the last Augustinian friar to be assigned to Boljoon.[8]

In 1999 the National Historical Institute declared it a National Historical Landmark. The following year, the National Museum declared it as a National Cultural Treasure. The Nuestra Señora de Patrocinio Parish Church was lucky enough to withstand the 7.2 magnitude earthquake in 2013 which affected Bohol and Cebu.

The Boljoon Church is currently in the tentative list for UNESCO World Heritage Sites under the Baroque Churches of the Philippines (Extension). A proposal has been suggested by scholars to make a separate UNESCO inclusion for the Old Centre of Boljoon which includes the Boljoon Church. The same would be made for other churches listed in UNESCO's tentative sites, where each town plaza and surrounding heritage buildings would be added. No government agency has yet to take action on the proposal.

Discovery of 16th-century artefacts[edit]

On February 2008, archaeologists discovered 26 human remains (with china plates on top of heads) and 16th-century artefacts beneath the parvis of Boljoon Church.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Cebu". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  5. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  6. ^ "Province of Cebu". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  7. ^ "Brief Historical Notes on Boljoon".
  8. ^ "Boljoon Church".
  9. ^ Philippine Sun Star 2008.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]