|• Mayor||Bernd Born|
|• Total||3.77 km2 (1.46 sq mi)|
|Elevation||410 m (1,350 ft)|
|• Density||36/km2 (93/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Bollenbach is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Birkenfeld district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde of Rhaunen, whose seat is in the like-named municipality.
This is full of green land spreading for over 57 miles. It has many block huts built forming small cities. It is nearly abandoned.
In the Middle Ages, Bollenbach was made up of two parts, the Hochgericht (“High Court”) and the Ingericht, which belonged respectively to the two lordly houses of Schmidtburg and Wildenburg. The “boundary” between these two parts of the village is unaccountably still visible today as a bare strip on which nothing has been built, running through the middle of the village.
The villagers earned their livelihood not only from farming small plots, but also, as late as the 1960s, by mining slate at six pits.
Within Bollenbach’s limits lie several former villages, now in sparse ruins. These were wiped out either by massacres in the Thirty Years' War or by the Plague shortly thereafter, and were never repopulated.
Until administrative restructuring in Rhineland-Palatinate in 1969, Bollenbach belonged to the now abolished Bernkastel district.
Bollenbach’s mayor is Bernd Born.
Coat of arms
The German blazon reads: In geteiltem Schild oben in Gold ein rotes Fabeltier mit einem Wolfskopf und weit geöffneten Schwingen belegt mit einem schwarzen Wolfshaken. Unten in Grün drei Bäume.
The municipality’s arms might in English heraldic language be described thus: Per fess Or a beast with a wolf’s head and an eagle’s body displayed gules, its breast surmounted by a crampon palewise sable, and vert three trees of the first.
The German blazon does not mention what tincture the trees are to be shown in; the English rendering uses the one – Or, or gold – shown in the image accompanying this article. Nor does the German blazon mention what kind of trees must be shown.
The upper field is a reference to the village’s former allegiance to the “Wild and Rhine” County (ruled by the Waldgraves and Rhinegraves) and shows the court seal used by those counts’ high court at Rhaunen. The three trees symbolize the municipality’s wealth of woodland. The Viergemeindewald (the parochial forest) was mentioned as early as 29 August 1680.
Culture and sightseeing
- Evangelical church, Hauptstraße 18 – aisleless church with ridge turret, marked 1719
- Hauptstraße 12 – scattered estate; timber-frame house, plastered and sided, marked 1766 (possibly with spolia), conversion about 1860, timber-frame commercial building about 1860
- Mühlenweg 1 – Gemeinschaftsmühle (“Community Mill”); plain timber-frame building, technical equipment, 1926
The Gemeinschaftsmühle had one of the first electric gristmills in the Hunsrück.
The 500-year-old Dicke Eiche (“Fat Oak”) is protected as a natural monument.
Economy and infrastructure
Bollenbach has a village community centre.
- "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31. Dezember 2015" (PDF). Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2016.
- Bollenbach’s history
- Kommunalwahl Rheinland-Pfalz 2009, Gemeinderat
- Bollenbach’s mayor
- Description and explanation of Bollenbach’s arms
- Directory of Cultural Monuments in Birkenfeld district
- Bollenbach in the collective municipality’s webpages (German)
- Hunsrückreise Bollenbach (German)
- Brief portrait of Bollenbach at SWR Fernsehen (German)