Bollingen

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Bollingen is a village (Kirchdorf) within the Swiss municipality of Rapperswil-Jona in the canton of St. Gallen.

Bollingen, Schmerikon and Uznach in the background
Obersee (upper Lake Zürich) at Bollingen, Benken in the background
St. Pankratius church in Unterbollingen
Mariazell Wurmsbach Abbey

Geography[edit]

The village is located along the northern shore of the upper Lake Zürich (Obersee) between Jona and Schmerikon. Bollingen was part of the former municipality of Jona: On 1 January 2007 the former municipalities of Rapperswil and Jona merged to form the new political entity Rapperswil-Jona.

History[edit]

Sandstone from Bollingen may have been used even in the Roman Empire era, but presumably Bollinger Sandstein is extracted and processed since 1000 AD. Among others it was used for the Grossmünster and Fraumünster churches in Zürich, as well as for the Einsiedeln and St. Gallen abbeys,[1] or the Zunfthaus zur Meisen that was built in 1757 at the Münsterhof plaza in Zürich.[2]

In the European Middle Ages, the two settlements named Unterbollingen and Oberbollingen are mentioned as part of the later Herrschaft Rapperswil of the Counts of Rapperswil. The earliest document sealed at the Rapperswil Castle was related to the donation of the church of Unterbollingen to the Rüti Abbey, and also mentions among others a civitas of the town of Rapperswil as witnesses of Count Rudolf von Rapperswil in 1229.[3] On the peninsula at Oberbollingen, a St. Nicholas Chapel is mentioned, where around 1229 a small Cistercian nunnery, later Premonstratensian convent associated with the Rüti Abbey was established by the Counts of Rapperswil; in 1267 it was united with the nearby Mariazell Wurmsbach Abbey. In 1519 a new church in honor of St. Pancras was inaugurated in Unterbollingen. After the Reformation in Zürich the church was acquired by the city of Rapperswil to be united with the Heiliggeistspital, but since 1871 it is a parish church for its own.

Points of interest[edit]

Bollingen is known for the "Tower" built there by Carl Gustav Jung, anonther remarkable site is the Wurmsbach Abbey.

Transport[edit]

There was a train station about halfway between the Wurmsbach Abbey and the village, closed in 2004 for economical reasons and replaced by a bus connection to Jona.[4]

Literature[edit]

  • Eugen Halter: Geschichte der Gemeinde Jona. Schweizer Verlagshaus, Zürich 1970.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bollinger Hartsandstein" (in German). Müller Natursteinwerk. Retrieved 2015-09-15. 
  2. ^ "C III 4, Nr. 144 Bericht der Steinfuhrleute Gattiker und Freymann, was für Bezahlung sie von Partikularen für Fuhrlohn einer Ledi Stein v... (1782)" (in German). Staatsarchiv des Kantons Zürich. Retrieved 2015-09-15. 
  3. ^ "Vogt Rudolf I. von Rapperswil vergabt die Kirche Bollingen an das Kloster Rüti" (in German). Rechtsquellenstiftung des Schweizerischen Juristenvereins: Rechtsquellen der Stadt und Herrschaft Rapperswil (mit den Höfen Busskirch/Jona, Kempraten und Wagen). Retrieved 2015-09-15. 
  4. ^ Bollingen Dorf – Wurmsbach – Jona Bahnhof on rapperswil.ch

External links[edit]