Bologna Centrale railway station

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Bologna Centrale
Bologna-Stazione Centrale-DSCF7236.JPG
View of the station building in 2006
Location Piazza delle Medaglie d'Oro
40121 Bologna
Italy
Coordinates 44°30′21″N 11°20′30″E / 44.50583°N 11.34167°E / 44.50583; 11.34167Coordinates: 44°30′21″N 11°20′30″E / 44.50583°N 11.34167°E / 44.50583; 11.34167
Owned by Rete Ferroviaria Italiana
Operated by Grandi Stazioni
Line(s)
Distance 96.908 kilometres (60.216 mi)
from Firenze Santa Maria Novella
Platforms 27
Construction
Architect Gaetano Ratti
History
Opened 1864; 151 years ago (1864)
Location
Bologna Centrale is located in Northern Italy
Bologna Centrale
Bologna Centrale
Location within Northern Italy

Bologna Centrale is a railway station in Bologna, Italy. It is located at the southern end of the Milan-Bologna high-speed line, which opened on 13 December 2008 and the northern end of three lines between Bologna and Florence: the original, oldest Bologna-Florence line through Porretta Terme and Pistoia; the Bologna–Florence Direttissima through Prato, which opened on 22 April 1934; the Bologna-Florence high-speed line, which opened to traffic on 13 December 2009.

Bologna Centrale is the fifth busiest station in Italy with an annual ridership of 58 million. In terms of train movements, this station takes the joint first place with Rome Termini station.[1]

History[edit]

The first Bologna Centrale station was constructed in 1859; however, there are sketchy and unclear testimonies regarding its history. A new station was built twelve years later on the same grounds.

The modern station was designed and built by architect Gaetano Ratti, who was trained in the local Clementine Academy. Inspired by the neoclassical style, the station's distinctive 15th century façade opens in nine entrance doors. The main passenger building is reminiscent of renaissance Florentine architecture. Until the 1940s, it was topped by a clock tower with marble pillars, but the tower was damaged by allied bombings in the Second World War and not rebuilt.

The original design called for a rectangular shaped, two-faced building, with a marble external façade and a steel internal one. Subsequent extension works, such as the 1926 building of the westbound platforms, shaped the station into the “L” form, typical of expanded transit stations. The introduction of new platforms at the eastern half in 1934 brought another change to the station's configuration.

Station[edit]

There are two levels of railway tracks within the station complex: Bologna Centrale and Bologna Centrale (AV)

The central part of Bologna Centrale contains through tracks for high-speed trains (except Frecciarossa trains which travel only on the Milan-Bologna high-speed line), intercity and regional trains.

In addition, there are two groups of side tracks: the western side has six tracks for regional trains from Milan or Verona (with Bologna Centrale as a terminus) and the eastern side has six tracks for regional trains from Prato, Ancona and Pescara (with Bologna Centrale as a terminus).

Bologna Central (AV) has 4 underground platforms (16 to 19) for Frecciarossa or Frecciargento trains travelling between Milan and Florence. The underground tracks then connect to the Bologna-Florence high-speed line in tunnels. Frecciarossa trains to and from Padova and Venice instead stop at the station's through tracks. This high-speed station is connected by a series of walkway and elevators to the central part. Walking time is approximately 10 minutes.

Train services[edit]

The following services call at the station (incomplete):

Domestic (High-speed) AV Station

  • High-speed train (Trenitalia Frecciarossa) Turin-Salerno: Turin - Milan - Bologna - Florence - Rome - Naples - Salerno
  • High-speed train (Italo) Turin-Salerno: Turin (Porta Susa) - Milan (Porto Garibaldi) - Bologna - Florence - Rome (Tiburtina) - Naples - Salerno
  • High-speed train (Italo) Venice-Salerno: Venice - Padua - Bologna - Florence - Rome (Tiburtina) - Naples - Salerno

Domestic (High-speed)

  • High-speed train (Trenitalia Frecciarossa) Venice-Naples: Venice - Padua - (Ferrara) - Verona - Bologna - Florence - Rome - Naples
  • High-speed train (Trenitalia Frecciarossa) Venice-Rome/Rome Airport: Venice - Padua - (Ferrara) - Verona - Bologna - Florence - Rome - Rome-Fiumicino 'Leonardo da Vinci' Airport
  • High-speed train (Italo) Turin-Ancona: Turin (Porta Susa) - Milan (Porto Garibaldi) - Bologna - Rimini - Ancona
  • High-speed train (Trenitalia Frecciargento) Bolzano/Bozen-Rome: Bolzano/Bozen - Trento/Trient - Verona - Bologna - Florence - Rome
  • High-speed train (Trenitalia Frecciargento) Brescia-Rome: Brescia - Verona - Bologna - Florence - Rome
  • High-speed train (Trenitalia Frecciabianca) Milan-Lecce: Milan - Parma - Modena - Bologna - Rimini - Ancona - Pescara - Foggia - Bari - Brindisi - Lecce
  • High-speed train (Trenitalia Frecciabianca) Milan-Bari/Taranto: Milan - Parma - Modena - Bologna - Rimini - Ancona - Pescara - Foggia - Bari - Taranto
  • High-speed train (Trenitalia Frecciabianca) Venice-Lecce: Venice - Padua - Verona - Bologna - Rimini - Ancona - Pescara - Foggia - Bari - Brindisi - Lecce

Domestic

  • Night train (Trenitalia Intercity Notte) Trieste/Triest-Rome: Trieste/Triest - Venice - Padua - Verona - Bologna - Florence - Rome
  • Night train (Trenitalia Intercity Notte) Milan-Lecce: Milan - Parma - Bologna - Rimini - Ancona - Pescara - Foggia - Bari - (Taranto) - Brindisi - Lecce
  • Night train (Trenitalia Intercity Notte) Turin-Lecce: Turin - Alessandria - Bolgona - Rimini - Ancona - Pescara - Foggia - Bari - Brindisi - Lecce
  • Night train (Trenitalia Intercity Notte) Turin-Reggio di Calabria: Turin - Milan - Bologna - Florence - Rome - Naples - Salerno - Lamezia Terme - Reggio di Calabria
  • Night train (Trenitalia Intercity Notte) Bolzano/Bozen-Rome: Bolzano/Bozen - Trento/Trient - Verona - Bologna - Florence - Rome
  • Intercity train (Trenitalia Intercity) Milan-Lecce: Milan - Parma - Modena - Bologna - Rimini - Ancona - Pescara - Foggia - Bari - Brindisi - Lecce
  • Intercity train (Trenitalia Intercity) Milan-Naples: Milan - Parma - Modena - Bologna - Prato - Florence - Arezzo - Rome - Latina - Naples
  • Intercity train (Trenitalia Intercity) Trieste/Triest-Rome: Trieste/Triest - Venice - Padua - Ferrara - Bologna - Prato - Florence - Arezzo - Rome
  • Intercity train (Trenitalia Intercity) Bologna-Lecce: Bologna - Rimini - Ancona - Pescara - Foggia - Bari - Brindisi - Lecce
  • Intercity train (Trenitalia Intercity) Bologna-Bari/Taranto: Bologna - Rimini - Ancona - Pescara - Foggia - Bari - Taranto
  • Regional train (Trenitalia Regional) Bologna-Venice: Bologna - Ferrara - Rovigo - Padua - Venice
  • Regional train (Trenitalia Regional) Bologna-Voghera: Voghera - Piacenza - Parma - Modena - Bologna
  • Regional train (Trenitalia Regional Express) Piacenza-Ancona: (Milan) - Piacenza - Parma - Reggio Emilia - Modena - Bologna - Forli - Rimini - Ancona
  • Regional train (Trenitalia Regional) Bologna-Brennero/Brenner: Bologna - Mirandola - Poggio Rusco - Ostiglia - Nogara - Isola della Scala - Verona - Ala/Ahl-am-Etsch - Rovereto/Rofreit - Trento/Trient - Mezzocorona/Kronmetz - Ora/Auer - Bolzano/Bozen - Ponte Gardena/Waidbruck - Chiusa/Klausen - Bressanone/Brixen - Fortezza/Franzensfeste - Vipiteno/Sterzing - Brennero/Brenner
  • Regional train (Trenitalia Regional) Bologna-Prato: Bologna - Prato
  • Regional train (Trenitalia Regional) Bologna-Porretta Terme: Bologna - Borgonuovo - Porretta Terme
  • Regional train (Trenitalia Regional) Bologna/Modena-Mantua: (Bologna) - Modena - Suzzara - Mantua

Cross-border

(A for Austria, D for Germany, F for France, GB for Great Britain)

  • Intercity train (ÖBB EuroCity) Munich-Verona/Bologna: Bologna - Verona - Rovereto/Rofreit - Trento/Trient - Bolzano/Bozen - Bressanone/Brixen - Fortezza/Franzensfeste - Brennero/Brenner - Innsbruck(A) - Jenbach(A) - Kufstein(A) - Munich(D)
  • Night train (DB CityNightLine) Rome/Milan-Munich: (Rome) - (Florence) - (Bologna) - Verona - Trento/Trient - Bolzano/Bozen - Innsbruck(A) - Jenbach(A) - Kufstein(A) - Munich(D)
  • Night train (ÖBB EuroNight) Rome/Milan-Vienna: (Rome) - (Livorno) - Florence - Bologna - Verona - Padua - Venice - Villach(A) - Klagenfurt(A) - Vienna(A)
Preceding station   Trenitalia   Following station
Eurostar Italia
toward Salerno
Eurostar Italia
Eurostar Italia
toward Ancona
Eurostar Italia
toward Roma Termini
toward Brescia
Eurostar Italia
toward Roma Termini
Eurostar Italia
toward Lecce
Eurostar Italia
toward Taranto
Eurostar Italia
toward Lecce
Eurostar Italia
toward Lecce
toward München Hbf
EuroCity Terminus
InterCity
InterCity
toward Roma Termini
Terminus InterCity
toward Lecce
Terminus InterCity
toward Taranto
EuroNight
toward Roma Termini
EuroNight
toward München Hbf
EuroNight
toward Roma Termini
InterCity Night
toward Rome
InterCity Night
toward Lecce
Terminus
InterCity Night
toward Lecce
InterCity Night
toward Lecce
InterCity Night
Terminus Treno regionale
Terminus Treno regionale
toward Rimini
toward Voghera
Treno regionale Terminus
Preceding station   Nuovo Trasporto Viaggiatori   Following station
Eurostar Italia
toward Salerno
Eurostar Italia
toward Salerno
Eurostar Italia
toward Ancona

Current station[edit]

Bologna Central High Speed 2013.

Today, Bologna Central Station is the fifth-busiest in Italy in terms of passenger movements (about 58 million passengers per year). It is, however, one of the busiest when measured by train traffic, being tied with Rome Termini Station for the number of trains per day (about 800) being one of the main railway junctions in Italy.[2]

A new three-level railway station for high-speed trains, 642 metres long and 56 metres wide, is being built under the current station to a design by Arata Isozaki and Andrea Maffei, with parking at 7 metres below the surface, a shopping arcade at 15 m below and four high-speed train platforms at 23 m below. In July 2008 Andrea Maffei Architects, Arata Isozaki & Associates, Ove Arup & Partners and M + T & Partners won a competition to design the station. The underground platforms were opened for revenue service on 9 June 2013. The passenger drop-off facilities will be provided in a later phase. Together with the reinstatement of four surface tracks removed to facilitate construction, the project is due to be completed by 2016.[3] The expected at design phase cost was €340 million.[4]

1980 terrorist bombing[edit]

Rescue teams making their way through the rubble

On 2 August 1980 at 10.25 am, an improvised explosive device (IED) made with 20 kilograms of a TNT mixture was detonated inside Bologna's main railway station. The IED was contained in a suitcase, which was placed near the wall inside a waiting lobby. The explosion killed 85 people and injured more than 200. The wing of the station in which the bomb was detonated has been reconstructed but, as a testimony to the victims of the attack, the original pavement was maintained as well as a deep crack in the main wall. Moreover, the station main clock is forever stopped at the exact time of the explosion. The attack is also known in Italy as the Strage di Bologna, the Bologna massacre.

The Italian government immediately accused the Italian leftist militant group Red Brigades for the attack; however this was denied by the group, and no one ever claimed responsibility. Over the years, official investigation has determined that the attack was carried out by a small neo-fascist group. Many conspiracy theories regarding this event have been entertained, including a link between this act of terrorism and the Aerolinee Itavia Flight 870 disaster.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bologna Centrale". Grandi Stazioni. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  2. ^ GrandiStazioni
  3. ^ Railway Gazette
  4. ^ "Arata Isozaki wins in Bologna". Today's Railways Europe. September 2008. p. 53. 

External links[edit]