Bolshaya Bronnaya Synagogue
|Bolshaya Bronnaya Synagogue Московская Синагога на Большой Бронной улице|
The synagogue was built as a private synagogue by pre-revolutionary millionaire Lazar Solomonovich Polyakov. Privately constructed and owned synagogues that served congregations were a familiar tradition in many parts of Europe; in the Russian Empire, great magnates could sometimes get permission to erect private synagogues outside of the Pale of settlement when congregations could not.
The pre-war rabbi was executed by the Soviet government in 1937 and the building was converted into a trade union meeting hall. In 1991, the building was transferred to Chabad Lubavich. In 2004, a renovation was completed. The building includes classrooms, a bookstore, a lecture hall, mikvah and kosher restaurant. Since 1991, the rabbi has been Yitzchok Kogan.
In 1999 there was a failed bomb attack on the synagogue. On January 11, 2006, the synagogue was attacked by a neo-Nazi skinhead who stabbed nine people. According to The Forward, 20-year-old Alexander Koptsev shouted "I will kill Jews" and "Heil Hitler" before stabbing at least eight men. The rabbi jumped Kotsev, and the rabbi's 18-year-old-son, Yosef Kogan, wrestled him to the ground. Kogan held the assailant until police detained him. A documentary film was made about the two incidents.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-06-17. Retrieved 2010-02-16.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- RUSSIA: 8 WOUNDED IN ATTACK ON MOSCOW SYNAGOGUE; New York Times, Jan 12, 2006 
- JWeekley.com, Rabbi’s son foils bombing attempt at Moscow shul by LEV KRICHEVSKY, Jewish Telegraphic Agency 
- A history of hate; Russia's Jews are under attack. Synagogues have been bombed, cemeteries defiled, the far right is growing fast and politicians openly spout racist views.https://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/1999/aug/16/features11.g2
- Shul Stabbings, January 13, 2006, The Forward, http://www.forward.com/articles/1884/
- Perelman, Marc. "Calls for Protection Rise After Attack in Moscow International". January 20, 2006