Bolshoy Shantar Island
The Shantar Islands in the Sea of Okhotsk
Bolshoy Shantar Island (Russia)
|Location||Sea of Okhotsk|
|Area||1,766 km2 (682 sq mi)|
|Length||72 km (44.7 mi)|
|Width||49 km (30.4 mi)|
|Federal Subject||Khabarovsk Krai|
Bolshoy Shantar is an island in the Sea of Okhotsk, Russia. It is the main island of the Shantar Islands. Its area is 1766 km². It is about 72 km (44.7 mi) in length and 49 km (30.4 mi) in width. It has a large brackish lake (Lake Bol'shoe) in its northern end which is connected to the sea through a narrow passage. Smelts (Hypomesus japonicus) and (H. olidus) are found on this lake.
The Shantar Islands were explored by Russian surveyors between 1711 and 1725.
Bolshoy Shantar was frequented by American whaleships between 1852 and 1874. They hunted bowhead whales, particularly in the passages that separate Bolshoy Shantar from Feklistova and Prokofyeva. They also went ashore to obtain wood and water and hunt bears and foxes. On 17 October 1858, the bark Rajah (250 tons), of New Bedford, was wrecked on the north side of the island during a strong gale. Captain Ansel N. Stewart, the first officer, and 11 other men perished; the second mate and the twelve other crew members were saved and went aboard the ship Condor (349 tons), of New Bedford, Captain Samuel H. Whiteside.
- Lake Bol'shoe
- Taiga in the Shantarskiye Islands
- From the History of the Great Russian Geographical Discoveries in the Arctic and Pacific Oceans in the Seventeenth and First Half of the Eighteenth Centuries. by A. V. Efimov
- Arctic, of Fairhaven, Aug. 1852. In Gelett, C. W. (1917). A life on the ocean: Autobiography of Captain Charles Wetherby Gelett. Honolulu, Hawaii: Hawaiian Gazette Co., Ltd.
- Harrison, of New Bedford, July 5–6, 1853, Nicholson Whaling Collection (NWC); Isabella, of New Bedford, July 8, 1854, NWC; Mary Frazier, of New Bedford, Aug. 28, 1855, NWC; Navy, of New Bedford, July 28, 1861, Kendall Whaling Museum (KWM); Cicero, of New Bedford, Aug. 30, 1863, KWM; Josephine, of New Bedford, Sep. 14, 1864, Sep. 27, 1865, KWM; Java, of New Bedford, Sep. 17–19, 1866, KWM; Sea Breeze, of New Bedford, Sep. 17, 23, 1874, G. W. Blunt White Library.
- The Friend, Honolulu, December 8, 1858, p. 95.