Bolt Thrower

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This article is about the death metal band. For the weapon sometimes called a bolt thrower, see Ballista.
Bolt Thrower
Boltthrower foto.jpg
Bolt Thrower live at the Inferno Metal Festival 2006
Background information
Origin Coventry, England, UK
Genres Death metal
Years active 1986–2016
Labels
Associated acts Benediction, Memoriam
Website boltthrower.com
Past members See below

Bolt Thrower were a British death metal band from Coventry, England. They formed in 1986 and released their first album with Vinyl Solution in 1988. The band then shifted to a new record label, Earache Records, soon becoming one of the best selling bands on that label. Their last label was Metal Blade Records. The band had a succession of members and have toured Europe, the United States, and Australia. Over the course of their 30-year career, Bolt Thrower had released eight studio albums, three EPs, one live album, two compilation albums and two demos. On September 14, 2016, the band announced that they were breaking up, following the death of drummer Martin Kearns exactly a year earlier.

History[edit]

Early history (1986–1988)[edit]

Bolt Thrower were formed in September 1986 as a thrash/punk band, influenced largely by bands such as Slayer, Crass and Discharge.[1] The band was founded by bassist Gavin Ward and guitarist Barry Thomson in a Coventry pub toilet during a hardcore punk gig. Shortly thereafter Andrew Whale and Alan West joined on drums and vocals respectively. In April 1987 the In Battle There Is No Law demo was recorded with this line-up.

Their second recording was the Concession of Pain demo, which they made in September 1987. Gavin had switched to guitars and they recruited Alex Tweedy to play the bass. However, Alex did not show up for the recording, and so Gavin played both guitar and bass for the demo. Two weeks after the recording session, Gavin's girlfriend Jo Bench replaced Tweedy.

With this line-up they recorded their first Peel session on 3 January 1988, with John Peel, the alternative disk jockey of BBC Radio One.[2] He had received their second demo and became enthusiastic about the band. They recorded four tracks for it, resulting in a deal with Vinyl Solution to release one album. Just before the recording of their first full-length album, they replaced their singer with their driver Karl Willetts. Their debut LP, In Battle There Is No Law is only a half hour in length and has a primitive and raw sound often categorized as grindcore.[3]

Rise to popularity, and departures of Karl Willetts and Andy Whale (1989–1994)[edit]

The cover of the 1989 album Realm of Chaos, which uses John Sibbick's cover artwork from Warhammer 40,000: Rogue Trader, the first edition of Warhammer 40,000.

They were not satisfied with the deal with Vinyl Solution as it was a pure hardcore label at that time. The label did little promotion for Bolt Thrower and their blend of death metal and hardcore punk, so after one album Bolt Thrower decided to leave Vinyl Solution and were signed by Earache Records. Earache Records had also signed many other death metal bands including Carcass and Napalm Death. The production of this album was poor, though it was an improvement on previous attempts. The artwork was done by Games Workshop as a gaming supplement they produced had a similar name to the album Bolt Thrower was about to release. After Games Workshop heard the recording of the songs for Bolt Thrower's second Peel session, which was recorded on 6 November 1988,[2] they offered to do the expensive artwork for Bolt Thrower's album, an offer the band quickly accepted. The record was released in 1989 with the title of Realm of Chaos and with the subtitle Slaves to Darkness. Most of the lyrics to the songs were also influenced by the game, but not merely because of the deal with Games Workshop. Karl, Andy and Gavin were very much into the games Games Workshop produced and they wrote a couple of songs about these games. Some obvious examples are "Plague Bearer" and "World Eater". Most lyrics can however be projected on war, the general theme Bolt Thrower uses. After the recording of Realm of Chaos they went on the Grindcrusher Tour with label mates Napalm Death, Carcass and Morbid Angel. On the Cenotaph EP one song ("Realm of Chaos") appears that is recorded during this tour. This EP also features the two CD-bonus tracks from War Master and Realm of Chaos plus the song "Cenotaph".

Continuing, they recorded their third and final Peel session on 22 July 1990.[2] On these three songs from the upcoming album were performed in raw versions as well as "Lost Souls Domain" off Realm Of Chaos. The next step in the history of Bolt Thrower was the album titled War Master. It was recorded, as the previous album, in the Slaughterhouse studios, which burnt down two weeks after the recordings were completed. Again, Games Workshop offered to do their artwork; however, as it was considered too expensive, Bolt Thrower declined the offer. The former head-designer of Games Workshop would do the artwork, resulting in quite similar artwork as that of Realm of Chaos. During the U.S. tour they went on to promote the War Master album, they used an old U.S. school bus as tour bus, loaded with many computer games. All three Peel sessions were then released on one CD named The Peel Sessions 1988–90 in 1991.

Their next step was the album The IVth Crusade. The title has a double meaning, as it was their fourth studio album (not counting the Peel sessions), but the album title also refers to the Fourth Crusade and the capturing of Constantinople. The cover artwork is a painting from Eugène Delacroix, showing "The Entry of the Crusaders in Constantinople".

They downtuned their guitars even more and wrote slower songs which were heavier and more bombastic. It leans more towards doom metal influenced by bands like Candlemass, in combination with their own massive death metal sound. The album was followed by the tour World Crusade with the Polish death metal act Vader and the Swedish death metal band Grave in Europe. The band toured the U.S. again as well as Australia. During this time, a single was released called Spearhead containing a very heavy, extended remix of the CD track "Spearhead" plus two new tracks and "Dying Creed" off of the new album.

Their next album is called ...For Victory and was released in 1994. It was the final album with Karl Willetts and Andrew Whale. Both left the band because of changing life directions.[4] The latest American tour did not go well, they returned home prematurely and by this time the band was quite fed-up with touring. A limited edition of the album exists containing a bonus live CD, called War (sometimes called Live War). After the album released, Karl Willetts was replaced by former Pestilence singer Martin van Drunen, and Martin Kearns, who took over the drum kit.

More lineup changes, Mercenary and Honour – Valour – Pride (1995–2003)[edit]

In 1995 and 1996 they went on two European tours.[5] In 1997, Martin van Drunen decided to leave the band as he felt that he never really became a part of Bolt Thrower, and because he had a disease that made his hair fall out and gave him insecurity on stage.[6] For at least one show in Germany, long time friend Dave Ingram stood in. Martin Kearns also decided to leave the band. The position at the drum kit is now taken by Alex Thomas. Karl Willetts temporarily rejoined the band to do vocal duties on their next album. The band switched record labels from Earache to Metal Blade Records, because since the U.S. ...For Victory tour they had seen a lack of success with Earache. Earache had also wanted to get rid of them and Bolt Thrower wanted to leave Earache as soon as possible, so they parted company.

The album titled Mercenary was released on 8 September 1998 in Europe and on 10 November 1998 in the USA, and features 9 tracks. It is an overall slower album than its predecessors. However, it is definitely very heavy and sounds very much like classic Bolt Thrower. Karl also returned to performing his previous style of singing; the hardcore punk influences have disappeared again. After the album recording, Karl left the band again and the band recruited Dave Ingram permanently after he left Benediction.

In November 1998, Earache Records released Who Dares Wins, a compilation featuring various older recordings, including the Spearhead and Cenotaph EPs. The band members themselves do not approve of the compilation's release and warn not to buy it, considering it a cheap cash-in from Earache. Originally, it was titled No Guts - No Glory but the title was changed because one song on Mercenary has the same title and Metal Blade objected. Following the release of Mercenary, the band embarked on a tour of Europe, called Into the Killing Zone, with Dave Ingram on vocals.[5] Alex Thomas departed since he lacked interest in the musical direction of Bolt Thrower.

After a short European tour in 2001 (which only consisted of 5 dates),[5] they started to work on a new album. Honour - Valour - Pride was released in late 2001 on Metal Blade, and shows a progression from the direction taken on Mercenary. It contains nine tracks; the digipak includes one bonus track. Martin Kearns is now back with the band after he settled his things in his life.

Reunion with Karl Willetts and Those Once Loyal (2004–2014)[edit]

In 2004, the band began working on new material for their latest album. They intended to record it in May 2004, with the release set to the end of the year by Metal Blade. Meanwhile, a European tour and a U.S. tour were being prepared. Unfortunately, right before the recording could begin, Dave Ingram decided to leave due to health and personal issues.[7] This postponed the new record and tours, and priority was set to finding a new singer. On 18 November 2004 the band announced the return of Karl Willetts. Recording of the album, titled Those Once Loyal, started in May 2005; it was released on 11 November in Germany, 14 November in the rest of Europe and 15 November in the United States, 2005. It has been met with widespread critical acclaim from magazines such as Rock Sound, Rock Hard and Metal Hammer. A European tour followed in January and February 2006.[5] A second leg followed in April, with dates in Scandinavia, UK, Spain and more.[5]

Bolt Thrower announced that, as they were satisfied with the Those Once Loyal album, they would be indefinitely postponing the recording of another LP. The band stated that their goal was always to stop after releasing "the perfect Bolt Thrower album".[8] However, Karl Willetts had mentioned work on a ninth album.[9]

Since releasing Those Once Loyal, Earache has released a remastered edition of the 1989 album Realm of Chaos featuring alternate artwork of John Sibbick, the artist responsible for the original artwork of both the Warhammer 40,000 Rogue Trader cover and Realm of Chaos - Slaves to Darkness. The band encourage people not to buy it as, like Who Dares Wins, it was released without their consultation let alone consent. Furthermore, it has been alleged that the band has not received royalties from Earache for a number of years.[10]

Death of Martin Kearns and the end of Bolt Thrower (2015–2016)[edit]

Martin "Kiddie" Kearns, who had been Bolt Thower's drummer from 1994 to 1997 and again since 2000, died unexpectedly at the age of 38 on 14 September 2015. As a result of his death, Bolt Thrower cancelled an Australian tour, which would have been their first since 1993.[11]

On September 14, 2016, the first anniversary of Kearns' death, Bolt Thrower announced on their website that they are no more, explaining, "We spent over 20 years together, touring the world, with 3 different vocalists, but he was so much more than just a drummer to us. So when we carried his coffin to his final resting place, the Bolt Thrower drummer position was buried with him. He was, and will now forever remain THE Bolt Thrower drummer, our Powerhouse and friend Martin 'Kiddie' Kearns."[12] Rumours of the band's break-up were confirmed two days later by frontman Karl Willetts, stating, "I can confirm that Bolt Thrower are definitely over for good. There will be no reunion tours etc... no compromise."[13]

Members[edit]

Final lineup[edit]

Former members[edit]

  • Alex Thomas – drums (1997–1999)
  • Andy Whale – drums (1986–1994)
  • Alan West – vocals (1986–1988)
  • Alex Tweedy – bass guitar (1987)
  • Martin van Drunen – vocals (1994–1997)
  • Dave Ingram – vocals (1997, 1998–2004)

Timeline[edit]

Discography[edit]

Tours[edit]

Year Region Name Supported/supporting bands
2014 Europe Overtures of War Tour Morgoth, Soulburn, Incantation, Vallenfyre
2013 United States Return to Chaos Tour Benediction, Autopsy
2010 Europe The Next Offensive Tour Rotting Christ, Benediction
2006 Europe Those Still Loyal Tour (2nd leg) God Dethroned, Kataklysm
2006 Europe Those Still Loyal Tour (1st leg) Malevolent Creation, Nightrage, Necrophagist
2002 Europe Ground Assault Tour Benediction, Fleshcrawl, Disbelief
2001 Europe Mini-tour Fleshcrawl
1999 Europe Into the Killing Zone Tour Crowbar, Totenmond
1996 Europe Fuck Price Politics Tour Sentenced, Power of Expression, The Varukers
1995 Europe No Guts, No Glory Tour Cemetary, Brutality
1994 United States World Crusade Tour Benediction
1993 Australia Australian Spearhead Assault Tour Armoured Angel
1993 Europe World Crusade Tour Vader, Grave
1992 Europe This Time It's War Tour Benediction, Asphyx
1991 United States War Mass Tour Believer, Sacrifice
1991 Europe War Mass Tour Nocturnus, Unleashed
1990 Europe Bloodbrothers Tour Autopsy, Pestilence
1989 United Kingdom GrindCrusher Tour Morbid Angel, Napalm Death, Carcass
1988 United Kingdom In Battle... Tour Cerebral Fix

Audio files (mp3)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bolt Thrower Official Biography". Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  2. ^ a b c "BBC - Radio 1 - Keeping it PeelArtist A-Z". Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  3. ^ Terrorizer Magazine No. 75 (2000), 'The Decade in Death Metal', p.6-7
  4. ^ "Bolt Thrower Working On New Material - February 12, 2007". Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "Bolt Thrower: Past Tours". Retrieved 2007-03-04. p
  6. ^ "Interview with Martin van Drunen in Voices from the Darkside". Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  7. ^ "Bolt Thrower Part Ways With Singer, Seek Replacement - September 1, 2004". Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  8. ^ "Official Bolt Thrower website News Section". Boltthrower.com. Retrieved 2011-10-31. 
  9. ^ "War stories: bolt thrower and benediction recall their shared history". Retrieved 2009-07-08. [dead link]
  10. ^ "Bolt Thrower Condemn Earache 'Realm of Chaos' Reissue - November 19, 2005". Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  11. ^ "Bolt Thrower Tour Cancelled Due To Tragedy". metalobsession.net. 17 September 2015. Retrieved 17 September 2015. 
  12. ^ "Bolt Thrower : Latest News". www.boltthrower.com. Retrieved 2016-09-14. 
  13. ^ "Bolt Thrower Officially Splits Up: 'There Will Be No Reunion Tours'". Blabbermouth.net. 16 September 2015. Retrieved 16 September 2015. 

External links[edit]