Bomarea

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Bomarea
Bomarea Southern Ecuador.jpg
Bomarea sp., southern Ecuador
Note leaf bases twisted 180°
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Alstroemeriaceae
Genus: Bomarea
Mirb., 1804
Type species
Bomarea ovata[1]
(Cav.) Mirb.
Synonyms[2][3]
  • Leontochir Phil.
  • Vandesia Salisb.
  • Collania Herb. 1837, illegitimate homonym, not Schult. & Schult. f. 1830 nor Broth. ex Sakurai 1941
  • Sphaerine Herb.
  • Dodecasperma Raf.
  • Wichuraea M.Roem.
  • Danbya Salisb.

Bomarea is one of the two major genera in the plant family Alstroemeriaceae. Most occur in the Andes,[4] but some occur well into Central America, Mexico and the West Indies.[2] Some species are grown as ornamental plants.[5][6][7]

These plants are similar to their relatives in Alstroemeria, but many take a twining form. Others stand freely upright. A distinctive morphological trait of most, if not all, Alstroemeriaceae is resupinate leaves. The blades twist from the base, taking an upside-down position on the stems.

Bomarea is divided into four subgenera, Baccata, Bomarea, Sphaerine, and Wichuraea. The largest is Bomarea with about 70 species.[8]

There are about 110[9] to 122 species[8] in the genus.

Selected species[edit]

Species accepted as of July 2014:[2]

  1. Bomarea acutifolia - Mexico, Central America
  2. Bomarea albimontana - Peru
  3. Bomarea alstroemerioides - Peru
  4. Bomarea amazonica - Peru
  5. Bomarea amilcariana - Venezuela
  6. Bomarea ampayesana - Peru
  7. Bomarea anceps - Peru
  8. Bomarea andimarcana - Peru, Bolivia
  9. Bomarea andreana - Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela
  10. Bomarea angulata - Ecuador, Peru
  11. Bomarea angustissima - Peru
  12. Bomarea aurantiaca - Peru, Bolivia
  13. Bomarea boliviensis - Bolivia, Argentina
  14. Bomarea brachysepala - Ecuador, Peru
  15. Bomarea bracteata - Peru
  16. Bomarea bracteolata - Panama
  17. Bomarea bredemeyeriana - Colombia, Venezuela
  18. Bomarea brevis - Peru, Bolivia
  19. Bomarea callejasiana - Colombia
  20. Bomarea campanularia - Ecuador, Peru
  21. Bomarea campylophylla - Peru
  22. Bomarea carderi - Panama, Colombia, Ecuador
  23. Bomarea caucana - Colombia
  24. Bomarea caudata - Peru
  25. Bomarea caudatisepala - Panama
  26. Bomarea ceratophora - Ecuador
  27. Bomarea chaparensis - Bolivia
  28. Bomarea chimborazensis - Ecuador
  29. Bomarea chiriquina - Panama, Costa Rica
  30. Bomarea coccinea - Peru
  31. Bomarea colombiana - Colombia
  32. Bomarea cordifolia - Peru
  33. Bomarea cornigera - Peru
  34. Bomarea cornuta - Peru, Ecuador
  35. Bomarea costaricensis - Panama, Costa Rica
  36. Bomarea crassifolia - Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Peru
  37. Bomarea crinita - Peru
  38. Bomarea crocea - Peru
  39. Bomarea densiflora - Peru, Ecuador
  40. Bomarea denticulata - Peru
  41. Bomarea diffracta - Colombia
  42. Bomarea dispar - Peru
  43. Bomarea dissitifolia - Peru, Ecuador
  44. Bomarea dolichocarpa - Peru, Ecuador
  45. Bomarea dulcis - Peru, Bolivia, Chile
  46. Bomarea edulis - widespread across much of Latin America from central Mexico to Argentina, plus West Indies
  47. Bomarea endotrachys - Peru
  48. Bomarea engleriana - Peru
  49. Bomarea euryantha - Colombia
  50. Bomarea euryphylla - Colombia, Ecuador
  51. Bomarea evecta - Ecuador
  52. Bomarea ferreyrae - Peru
  53. Bomarea foertheriana - Peru
  54. Bomarea formosissima - Peru, Bolivia
  55. Bomarea glaucescens - Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia
  56. Bomarea goniocaulon - Peru, Ecuador
  57. Bomarea graminifolia - Ecuador
  58. Bomarea hartwegii - Peru, Ecuador
  59. Bomarea herbertiana - Colombia
  60. Bomarea herrerae - Peru
  61. Bomarea hieronymi - Colombia, Ecuador
  62. Bomarea hirsuta - Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador
  63. Bomarea huanuco - Peru
  64. Bomarea inaequalis - Colombia
  65. Bomarea involucrosa - Peru, Bolivia
  66. Bomarea kraenzlinii - Colombia
  67. Bomarea lancifolia - Ecuador
  68. Bomarea latifolia - Peru
  69. Bomarea libertadensis - Peru
  70. Bomarea linifolia - Colombia, Ecuador
  71. Bomarea longipes - Peru, Ecuador
  72. Bomarea longistyla - Peru
  73. Bomarea lopezii - Venezuela
  74. Bomarea lutea - Ecuador
  75. Bomarea macrocephala - Argentina, Bolivia
  76. Bomarea macusanii - Peru
  77. Bomarea moritziana - Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela
  78. Bomarea multiflora - Colombia, Ecuador
  79. Bomarea multipes - Ecuador
  80. Bomarea nematocaulon - Peru
  81. Bomarea nervosa - Peru, Ecuador
  82. Bomarea nubigena - Ecuador
  83. Bomarea obovata - Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
  84. Bomarea ovallei - Atacama
  85. Bomarea ovata - Argentina, Bolivia, Peru
  86. Bomarea oxytepala - Ecuador
  87. Bomarea pardina - Colombia, Peru
  88. Bomarea parvifolia - Peru
  89. Bomarea patacoensis - Ecuador
  90. Bomarea patinii - Colombia, Ecuador
  91. Bomarea pauciflora - Colombia, Venezuela
  92. Bomarea perglabra - Ecuador
  93. Bomarea peruviana - Peru
  94. Bomarea porrecta - Peru
  95. Bomarea pseudopurpurea - Peru
  96. Bomarea pudibunda - Colombia
  97. Bomarea pumila - Bolivia, Peru
  98. Bomarea puracensis - Colombia
  99. Bomarea purpurea - Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru
  100. Bomarea rosea - Peru
  101. Bomarea salicifolia - Venezuela
  102. Bomarea salsilla - Chile
  103. Bomarea secundifolia - Peru
  104. Bomarea setacea - Peru
  105. Bomarea shuttleworthii - Colombia
  106. Bomarea speciosa - Peru
  107. Bomarea spissiflora - Ecuador, Peru
  108. Bomarea stans - Argentina, Bolivia
  109. Bomarea suberecta - Panama, Costa Rica
  110. Bomarea superba - Peru
  111. Bomarea tarmensis - Peru
  112. Bomarea torta - Ecuador, Peru
  113. Bomarea tribrachiata - Ecuador, Peru
  114. Bomarea trichophylla - Colombia
  115. Bomarea trimorphophylla - Ecuador
  116. Bomarea truxillensis - Venezuela
  117. Bomarea uncifolia- Ecuador
  118. Bomarea vargasii - Peru
  119. Bomarea velascoana - Peru
  120. Bomarea vitellina - Colombia
  121. Bomarea weigendii - Peru

References[edit]

  1. ^ lectotype designated by Sanso & Xifreda, Darwiniana 33: 323 (1995)
  2. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Hofreiter, A. (2006). Leontochir: A synonym of Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae)? Harvard Papers in Botany 11(1) 53-60.
  4. ^ Guarin, F. A. (2005). Three new species of Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae) from the Andean region of Colombia. Novon 15(2) 253-58.
  5. ^ Sanso, A. M. and C. C. Xifreda. (2001). Generic delimitation between Alstroemeria and Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae). Annals of Botany 88(6) 1057-69.
  6. ^ Hofreiter, A. (2008). A revision of Bomarea subgenus Bomarea s.str. section Multiflorae (Alstroemeriaceae). Systematic Botany 33: 661-684.
  7. ^ Chacón, J., M. Camargo de Assis, A. W. Meerow, and S. S. Renner. 2012. From east Gondwana to Central America: Historical biogeography of the Alstroemeriaceae. Journal of Biogeography 39(10): 1806-1818. [1]
  8. ^ a b Cáceres González, D. A. (2013). Bomarea rinconii (Alstroemeriaceae), a new species from the Talamanca Mountains in Chiriqui Province, Panama. Phytotaxa 105(1) 21–4.
  9. ^ Alzate, F., et al. (2008). Panbiogeographical analysis of the genus Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae). Journal of Biogeography 35 1250-57.