Bombardier Global Express
|Global Express / Global 5000/6000|
|A Global Express of Tyrolean Jet Services landing at Frankfurt Airport|
|First flight||13 October 1996|
|Number built||600 (as of Feb 2015)|
5000: US$50.44 million
6000: US$62.31 million
|Developed into||Global 7000/8000|
The Bombardier Global Express is a large cabin, ultra long range business jet manufactured by Bombardier Aerospace in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. There are currently three variants in active service — the original Global Express, Global 5000 & Global 6000 — and two more under development — the Global 7000 & Global 8000. The Global Express has been modified for military missions, such as the Raytheon Sentinel and the United States Air Force E-11A. The Global Express can fly intercontinental ranges without refuelling (e.g. New York–Tokyo) or between most two points in the world with only one stop. In this class the Global Express competes with the Airbus Corporate Jet, Boeing Business Jet and Gulfstream G550/650.
Design and development
Bombardier Aerospace began studies in 1991 and the aircraft was officially launched in 1993. The first flight occurred on October 13, 1996. The Global Express shares the Canadair / Bombardier Regional Jet's fuselage cross section and is similar in length, but despite the size similarities the two aircraft are very different due to the nature of their roles. The Global Express features an advanced all new supercritical airfoil with a 35° sweep and winglets, plus a new T-tail. The aircraft is powered by two BMW RollsRoyce BR-710 turbofans with FADEC. The advanced flightdeck features a six screen Honeywell Primus 2000 XP EFIS suite and is offered with optional heads-up displays.
The Global Express was announced on 28 October 1991 at the NBAA convention. Full-scale cabin mockup was exhibited at the NBAA convention in September 1992. Conceptual design started early 1993 and the programme was officially launched on 20 December 1993. The aircraft high-speed configuration was frozen in June 1994 and the low-speed configuration was established in August 1994.
Bombardier subsidiaries have three specific roles in the project: Canadair is the design leader and manufactures the nose; Short Brothers, Belfast is responsible for the design and manufacture of the engine nacelles, horizontal stabiliser and forward fuselage; and de Havilland Canada builds the rear fuselage and vertical tail and carries out final assembly. The major external supplier is Japan's Mitsubishi Heavy Industries which builds the wing and centre fuselage sections. In 2015, Bombardier announced to reduce production because of lower demand caused by slowing economy and geopolitics in markets such as Latin America, Russia and China.
The Global 5000 (model designation BD-700-1A11) is a derivative based on Global Express, with 813 mm (32 in) reduction in forward fuselage length, and 1,200 nmi reduction in maximum range. Seating capacity is up to 19 passengers. The aircraft was announced on 25 October 2001 with the official launch on 5 February 2002, after a positive market assessment with letters of intent for 15 aircraft.
The Global 5000 is built on the same production line as the Global Express XRS, and the two types' serial numbers are intermingled.
The first Global 5000 aircraft (s/n 9127) flew on 7 March 2003. The flight was dedicated to testing basic system functionality and assessing the aircraft's handling and flying qualities. The aircraft completed its preliminary testing at Bombardier's Downsview facility, before it moved to Bombardier's Wichita facility to begin the flight test program. The Global 5000 made its first appearance at the Paris Air Show in June 2003.
The average trip lengths for most operators is 2.5 hours where the aircraft will cruise between Mach 0.85 and Mach 0.89, making it one of the fastest long range jets available today.
Typical configuration features 18 passenger seats including fully berthable seats and an aft lounge/bedroom. The aircraft has a full galley and two lavatories. The crew rest area was removed, but is being considered on newer versions.
Originally, the maximum takeoff weight was 88,700 lb (40,200 kg). With typical equipment and passenger accoutrements, the empty weight was 52,000–55,000 pounds (22,600–25,000 kg). In April 2008, Bombardier announced that the certified gross weight had been increased to 92,500 lb (41954 kg), which permitted an increased fuel load—projected maximum range increased to 5,200 nmi (9637 km).
The maximum certified altitude is 51,000 ft (16,000 m) The typical approach speed is 108 kn (200 km/h) requiring approximately 2,600 ft (790 m) of runway for landing.
Global 5000 changes compared to the Global Express are:
- Fuselage shortened by 813 mm (32 in).
- Removal of the fuel tank in the tail and limiting fuel in the wings.
- Reduction in MTOW by 5,500 lb (2,500 kg).
- Reduction in maximum range by 1,200 nmi.
- Rearrangement of some avionics to gain usable cabin length.
- Allowance for interior completions (3,200 kg).
The Global 6000 (formerly marketed as the Global Express XRS) is an improved version of the original aircraft, (announced on October 6, 2003 during the NBAA Convention at Orlando, Florida) offering higher cruise speed, increased range, improved cabin layout and lighting. Bombardier’s Vision flight deck, powered by Rockwell Collins Pro Line Fusion avionics, is perhaps the biggest upgrade from the XRS to the 6000 and compared to its predecessor, the Global XRS, it has improved acoustical insulation.
The range increase is achieved by addition of a 1,486 lb (674 kg) fuel tank at the wing root. Bombardier claims it takes 15 minutes less to fuel the Global 6000 than the original model thanks to improved computer systems and mechanical refinements. The Global Express 6000 entered service in early 2006. The unit price is estimated to be $US45.5 million.
- Global Express - (model designation BD-700-1A10) is the original model.
- Global 6000 (marketed as Global Express XRS until May 2011)
- GlobalEye AEW Global 6000 with SAAB Erieye ER AESA radar
- Global 5000 - (model designation BD-700-1A11)
- Global 7000
- Global 8000
- Raytheon Sentinel R1 - (Surveillance aircraft using Bombardier airframe supplied to Raytheon)
- E-11A - United States Air Force designation for four Global Express being used as a platform for the Battlefield Airborne Communications Node. A BD-700 has also carried the High-Altitude Lidar Operational Experiment (HALOE) payload, deploying to Africa and Afghanistan to survey large areas rapidly.
- German Air Force (Luftwaffe) - 4 Global 5000 for VIP transport operated by the Special Air Mission Wing MoD in Cologne
- Royal Malaysian Air Force
- 1st Division - 2 Squadron - 1 for VIP transport
- Royal Air Force
- Mexican Air Force - 1 ordered
- Indian Air Force - 1 Delivered
The aircraft is operated by private individuals, companies, executive charter operators and government agencies.
|Model||Global 5000 ||Global 6000 |
|Length||96 ft 10 in / 29.5 m||99 ft 5 in / 30.3 m|
|Wingspan||94 ft 0 in / 28.7 m|
|Wing area||1,021 ft² / 94.8 m²|
|Height||25 ft 6 in / 7.8 m|
|Cabin length||40 ft 9 in / 12.41 m||43 ft 3 in / 13.18 m|
|Cabin width||centerline 7 ft 11 in / 2.41 m, floorline 6 ft 6 in / 1.98 m|
|Cabin height||6 ft 2 in / 1.88 m|
|Maximum ramp weight||92,750 lb / 42,071 kg||99,750 lb / 45,246 kg|
|Maximum takeoff weight||92,500 lb / 41,957 kg||99,500 lb / 45,132 kg|
|Maximum landing weight||78,600 lb / 35,652 kg|
|Maximum zero fuel weight||58,000 lb / 26,308 kg|
|Typical basic operating weight||50,861 lb / 23,070 kg||52,230 lb / 23,691 kg|
|Maximum fuel weight||39,250 lb / 17,804 kg||45,050 lb / 20,434 kg|
|Maximum payload||7,139 lb / 3,238 kg||5,770 lb / 2,617 kg|
|Engines||Rolls-Royce BR710A2-20 turbofans|
|Thrust (Flat rated to ISA + 20°C)||14,750 lb (65.6kN)|
|High-speed||Mach 0.88 (504 kt / 934 km/h)|
|Typical cruise speed||Mach 0.85 (487 kt / 902 km/h)|
|M 0.85 Range (NBAA IFR Reserves, ISA, 8 pax)||5,200 nm / 9,630 km||6,000 nm / 11,112 km|
|Takeoff distance (SL, ISA, MTOW)||5,540 ft / 1,689 m||6,476 ft / 1,974 m|
|Landing distance (SL, ISA, MLW)||2,670 ft / 814 m|
|Maximum operating altitude||51,000 ft / 15,545 m|
|Initial cruise altitude (MTOW)||41,000 ft / 12,497 m|
- Related development
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Related lists
- "Bombardier Marks 10th Anniversary Of The First Global 5000 Delivery". 2015-04-22. Retrieved 2015-04-22.
- "Business Jets Specification and Performance Data" (PDF). Business & Commercial Aviation. Aviation Week. May 2015.
- Specialized aircraft | Global 6000 and 5000 | Bombardier
- Arie Church "Air Force Prepares to Welcome E-11A" June 17, 2011, airforcemag.com
- Rohit Jaggi (11 August 2010), "Flight test: Bombardier Global 5000", ft.com, (subscription required ())
- Trautvetter, Chad (14 May 2015). "Global 5000/6000 Output Cut To Affect 1,750 Workers". Aviation International News. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
- Bombardier Aerospace launches Global 5000 business jet wingsoverkansas.com
- Simpson 2005, p. 33.
- "The fastest long range private jets available". Private Jets For Sale In South Africa. Retrieved 2016-02-20.
- Bombardier Global 5000 - Sitting pretty, Flight International, 7–13 October 2008, p.49
- Global 5000 Adds Fuel and Range, Flying Magazine, Vol. 135., No. 5, May 2008, p.19.
- Bringing Home the BACN to Front-Line Forces
- Butler, Amy (21 April 2014). "Intel Community Backs High-Res Imagery Push". Aviation Week & Space Technology.
- OK1 at Lanseria International Airport (HLA / FALA), Johannesburg, South Africa
- "Global 5000 Factsheet" (PDF). Bombardier. 2015.
- "Global 6000 Factsheet" (PDF). Bombardier. 2015.
- Simpson, Rod. "Global 5000–Fills the Gap for Bombardier". Air International, October 2005, Vol 68 No 4. pp. 30–36. ISSN 0306-5634.
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