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Bombardier Global Express

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Global Express/XRS/6000
Global 5000
Role Business jet
National origin Canada
Manufacturer Bombardier Aviation
First flight 13 October 1996
Introduction July 1999[1]
Status In service
Produced 1998–present[2]
Number built 816 (Oct 2018)[2]
Developed from Challenger 600 & CRJ-100/-200
Variants Saab GlobalEye
Raytheon Sentinel
Developed into Global 7500/8000

The Bombardier Global Express is a large cabin, long-range business jet designed and manufactured by Bombardier Aviation. Announced in October 1991, it first flew in October 1996, received its Canadian type certification in July 1998 and entered service in July 1999. Initially powered by two BMW/Rolls-Royce BR710s, it shares its fuselage cross section with the Canadair Regional Jet and Challenger 600 with a new wing and tail.

The shorter range Global 5000 is slightly smaller. The XRS is an improved version of the Global Express and the Global 6000 is an upgrade to the XRS that replaces the older avionics. The longer range Global 5500/6500 are powered by new Rolls-Royce Pearl engines with lower fuel burn and were unveiled in May 2018. The larger and stretched Global 7500/8000 have longer ranges.


Interior cabin, the Global Express kept the Challenger 600 cross section

Project definition


After acquiring Canadair along with its Challenger 600 business jet in 1986, Bombardier studied a longer range business aircraft[3] in which it aimed to carry eight passengers and four crew over 12,000 km (6,500 nmi) at Mach 0.85. To meet this goal, a joint-definition team was established at the company's Montreal facility in the early 1990s. By 1994, the team comprised 200 engineers, evenly divided between Canadair and various partners, including Japanese company Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and Anglo-German engine manufacturer BMW Rolls-Royce.[4]

These partners independently designed their own elements of the aircraft and shared a stake in the program. The choice of suppliers influenced the aircraft design, with its various systems being selected before the detailed design phase. The CATIA CAD software was used for the kinematics, to feed finite-element analysis software for structural design, and computational fluid dynamics software for aerodynamics, the latter being confirmed by wind tunnel testing.[4]

The new aircraft was designed to use the minimum number of components while still ensuring that no single failure would result in a diversion or the inability to dispatch a flight. Bombardier worked towards a 99.5% dispatch reliability goal. As operators sought a level of safety enjoyed by airline aircraft, Bombardier was influenced to use ETOPS design rules, such as the incorporation of a maintenance computer to detect, indicate, and isolate faults, although ETOPS rules were not a design requirement. A conventional mechanical flight control system was selected in the new aircraft design instead of fly-by-wire. This was mainly due to the high development expense and customer apprehension of fly-by-wire.[4][5]

Launch and flight testing

A Global BD-700 on a test flight.

In October 1991, the Global Express was unveiled at the NBAA convention.[6] In December 1993, the programme was launched.[7] In June 1994, its high-speed configuration was frozen while the low-speed configuration was established in August 1994. By then, most critical design decisions were taken and almost all suppliers had been selected.[4] In January 1995, the definition phase was winding down before detailed design.[8]

By June 1995, the backlog was over 40 aircraft, sold out until 2000, leading to Bombardier to expand its early production plans.[9][10] At launch, range was extended to 12,000 km (6,500 nmi) to outdo rival Gulfstream.[11] Bombardier guaranteed the empty weight and range to reply to Gulfstream criticism.[12][13] Around 100 sales were needed to cover the development costs.[14] In October 1995, the first prototype manufacture began. The first sections were expected in December at de Havilland's in Toronto, with final assembly to start in March 1996.[15][16] By June 1996, the prototype was complete and conducting flight-readiness reviews ahead of its roll-out and first flight.[17][18]

On 13 October 1996, the first prototype performed its maiden flight from Toronto, one month later than planned, lasting for 2 hours 46 minutes and attaining 11,000 ft (3,350 m) and 210 kn (390 km/h).[13][19] The flight test programme used four prototypes, accumulating 2,200 flight hours. The Bombardier Flight Test Center in Wichita, Kansas was extended by 9,100 m2 (100,000 ft2) for the test programme.[20] In February 1997, the second prototype made its first flight and the third in May 1997.[21][22]

In late 1995, type certification was forecast for March 1998.[13] In July 1998, Canadian type certification was granted. European and US approvals followed shortly thereafter.[23][24] The first 15 aircraft were to be delivered before January 1999.[25] The Global Express entered service in July 1999.[1]



Since 2023, the Global Express has been assembled at the Toronto Pearson International Airport in Mississauga, Ontario, and formerly at Downsview Airport in Toronto.[26]

The flight deck with Honeywell Primus 2000 XP EFIS suite

Since 2012, Japanese aerospace firm Mitsubishi Heavy Industries has built the wing and centre fuselage sections at its Toronto facility located east of the airport on Northwest Drive, and formerly at 2025 Meadowvale Boulevard from 2007 to 2012.[27][28] Bombardier subsidiaries involved are Canadair as the design leader and nose manufacturer; Short Brothers in Belfast for the engine nacelles design and manufacture, horizontal stabiliser and forward fuselage; and de Havilland Canada for the rear fuselage, vertical tail and final assembly. The landing gear is produced by Dowty, flight controls by Sextant Avionique, the fuel system by Parker Bertea Aerospace, the core avionics by Honeywell, the APU by AlliedSignal, the electrical system by Lucas Aerospace, and the air management system by ABG-Semca.[4][29][30]

In May 2015, production was reduced because of lower demand, caused by slowing economy and geopolitics in Latin America, Russia and China markets.[31] By October 2018, Bombardier had a backlog of 202 aircraft valued at C$14.1 billion ($11 billion), including 128 Global Express aircraft: 67 Global 5000/6000 and four Global 5500/6500.[32] The Global Express program cost $800 million.[33]


Planform view showing the 35° wing sweep

The Global Express is a high speed business/corporate aircraft with a range of 6,500 nmi (12,000 km) at Mach 0.80 (459 kn; 850 km/h),[34] a 51,000 ft (16,000 m) service ceiling and a 14 hours endurance. The semi monocoque airframe is made of lightweight aluminum alloys and composite materials. It has a low wing, tricycle landing gear and fuselage-mounted engines. [35]

The clean-sheet design draws upon the earlier Canadair CL-600 and Bombardier CRJ.[4] It shares its fuselage cross-section with these aircraft, paired with a new T-tail and wing. The latter is a supercritical airfoil with a 35° wing sweep and winglets.[33] This flexible wing naturally attenuates turbulence.[36] It was initially powered by two BMW-Rolls-Royce BR710 turbofans controlled by FADEC. The flightdeck features a six screen Honeywell Primus 2000XP EFIS suite.[33]

The Global Express was the business jet with the largest cabin,[4] until being surpassed by the later Gulfstream G650.[36] It can accommodate 12 to 16 passengers in three cabin sections: mostly a forward four-chair club section, a central four-seat conference grouping and an aft three-place divan facing two chairs. Most have a forward galley, crew rest chair and crew lavatory. The 10.3-psi cabin pressurization maintains a 4,500-ft. cabin altitude up to FL 450 and 5,680 ft. at the FL 510 ceiling.[36] The cabin has an unobstructed length of 14.6 m (48 ft) while the floor is dropped by 51 mm (2.0 in) from the Challenger to increase width at shoulder level, while the windows have been repositioned and enlarged by 25%.[4]



Global 5000

The G5000 is 0.8 m (31 in) shorter

The Global 5000 was announced in October 2001. It was launched in February 2002, with letters of intent for 15 aircraft with a 87,700 lb (39,800 kg) MTOW, and a 4,800 nmi (8,900 km) range at Mach 0.85.[37] The first aircraft flew on 7 March 2003.[38] It was introduced in April 2005. There were 224 in service in 2018.[39] In April 2008, Bombardier lifted its MTOW to 92,500 lb (42,000 kg) to increase its Mach 0.85 range to 5,200 nmi (9,600 km).[40]

Its cabin is 5.9 ft (1.8 m) shorter than the Global 6000 with a 5,800–7,000 lb (2,600–3,200 kg) lower MTOW depending on service bulletins. It has a 5,000–5,400 nmi (9,300–10,000 km) range at LRC. The spec basic operating weight is 50,350 lb (22,840 kg) but are actually closer to 51,600 lb (23,400 kg). Early models kept the Honeywell Primus 2000XP avionics, updated with the Bombardier Vision flight deck based on the Rockwell Collins Pro Line Fusion avionics since 2012.[39]

It can carry between 8 and 19 passengers. The new seat converts to a full berth. There is an optional private room aft and the galley has room to prepare 16 five-course meals.[41] It was priced at $40M in 2008. It has forward and aft lavatories. The crew rest area was removed, but could be restored.[42] The tail fuel tank was removed and fuel is limited in the wings. Some avionics are rearranged to gain usable cabin length. The interior completions allowance is 3,200 kg.

In 2018, its unit cost was US$50.44 million.[43] At high-speed cruise, it burns 5,000 lb (2,300 kg) of fuel in the first hour, then 4,000 lb (1,800 kg) the second hour and 3,000 lb (1,400 kg) for the third hour. In 2018, Early models with Honeywell avionics were sold for $10–20 million, while post-2012 aircraft with the modern Cockpit can fetch $22–36 million. A major inspection every 180 months cost $800,000-1.2 million. Two 8,000h engine overhauls can cost $4 million. The cheaper and more efficient Gulfstream G450 or Falcon 900LX are slower, have less range and smaller cabins.[39]

Global Express XRS


The improved Global Express XRS was announced on 6 October 2003 during the NBAA Convention at Orlando, Florida.[44] It replaced the original Global Express and provides greater range at high speed, cabin upgrades, improved takeoff performance, fast fueling capability and the Bombardier Enhanced Vision System (BEVS) as standard equipment. A new forward fuel tank in the wing/body fairing increases the usable fuel capacity by up to 1,486 lbs, allowing it to fly 6,500 nm at Mach 0.82, 6,150 nm at Mach 0.85 or 5,450 nm at Mach 0.87. It provides improved pressurization with a 4,500 ft cabin altitude at 45,000 ft and a 5,700 ft cabin altitude at 51,000 ft; a 25% improvement on the previous Global cabin.[34]

Global 6000

The updated flight deck of the Global 6000

Bombardier rebranded the Global Express XRS and upgraded the avionics from the Honeywell Primus 2000XP to the new Bombarder Vision flight deck, based on the Rockwell Collins Pro Line Fusion avionics suite, to create the Global 6000.[45] The Global 6000 was announced in 2011 and production started in 2012. Its flexible wing and 97.5 lb/sq ft (476 kg/m2) wing loading, the highest among its competitors, gives a comfortable ride in turbulence. It has improved acoustical insulation compared to its predecessor.[36] On long trips, its fuel burn during the first hour is 5,000 and 4,000 lb (2.3 and 1.8 t) for the second, then for the third 3,000 and 2,500 lb (1.4 and 1.1 t) afterwards. A Checks are scheduled every 750 hours, and for C Checks every 30 months. Engine reserves amount to $260 per hour. Over 315 were delivered by March 2019. Its competitors include the more fuel-efficient 6,200 nmi (11,500 km) Dassault Falcon 8X, the 6,500 nmi (12,000 km) Gulfstream G600 or even the 6,900 nmi (12,800 km) G650.[46]

In 2018, its unit cost was US$62.31 million.[43]

Global 5500/6500

A Bombardier Global 5500
A Bombardier Global 6500

In May 2018, Bombardier unveiled the Global 5500 and 6500. It was expected to enter service at the end of 2019. It has an optimized wing for a Mach 0.90 top speed, a revamped cabin inspired by the Global 7500 with its Nuage seat and updated Rolls-Royce BR710 Pearl engines with up to 13% lower fuel burn for better operating costs. It has better hot and high performance and 500 and 600 nmi (930 and 1,110 km) of additional range for 5,700 and 6,600 nmi (10,600 and 12,200 km), respectively.[47] The engines have 9% more thrust.[48]

By October 2018, 70% of the flight testing hours were completed.[49] The programme involved two flight-test Global 6500s, as the 5500 is a simple 0.8 m (2 ft 7 in) shrink. The redesigned wings are built by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.[32] By December, the flight-test program was nearly three-quarters complete.[50] By May 2019, 90% of the flight testing was completed by two modified 6000s and one modified 5000.[51]

In September 2019, Bombardier announced the Transport Canada Type Certification of both models, before entry-into-service later in 2019 and FAA/EASA approval.[52] Bombardier announced the Global 6500 entry-into-service on 1 October.[53] EASA Type Certification of both models was announced in October 2019.[54] Shortly after, the Global 5500 range was extended by 200 nmi (370 km) to 5,900 nmi (10,900 km) at Mach 0.85.[55]

FAA Type Certification of both variants was announced in December 2019.[56] Bombardier announced the entry-into-service of the Global 5500 in June 2020.[57] The first Global 5500 was delivered in July 2020, to " longtime Bombardier customer Unicorp National Developments, headquartered in Orlando, Florida."[58]

In 2023, the Global 5500 costs $47.4 million,[59] while the Global 6500 costs $58 million.[60]

Military variants

RAF Raytheon Sentinel inflight

The Global Express has been modified for military missions.[61]

A BD-700 has carried the High-Altitude Lidar Operational Experiment (HALOE) payload, deploying to Africa and Afghanistan to survey large areas rapidly.[68]

In January 2020, the German Federal Ministry of Defence chose the Global 6000 over the unmanned Northrop Grumman MQ-4C Triton for the “Persistent German Airborne Surveillance System” (PEGASUS) program, to better integrate in the air traffic control.[69]

In March 2019 Turkey's Presidency of Defense Industries, SSB, announced that two green Bombardier Global 6000s had been delivered to the facilities of Turkish Aerospace to undergo modification to the Hava SOJ (air stand-off jammer) configuration.[70]

L3Harris has unveiled a Conformal Airborne Early Warning version as a replacement for the E-3 Sentry used by European NATO countries.[71][72]

On 12 December 2023, the US Army awarded a firm-fixed-price contract for one Global 6500 with an option for two more, to be used as High Accuracy Detection and Exploitation System (HADES) intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance aircraft.[73] Delivery is to be 1 October 2024.[74]


A Global Express at Zurich Airport

Most operators fly 450 to 600 hours per year. Fleet operators frequently fly more than 100 hours per month.[36] By February 2015, over 600 aircraft accumulated more than 1.5 million flight hours and 570,000 cycles.[75] In May 2018, 20 years after the type's introduction, more than 750 Globals were in service.[76]

Half the 6000s are registered in North America, mostly in the US. NetJets operates at least six and large corporations like Aetna, Caterpillar, CitiGroup, Limited Brands, McDonald's and Texas Instruments fly the aircraft. Malta-based VistaJet operates twenty eight 6000s, one Global XRS and has confirmed a delivery schedule of multiple Global 7500 throughout 2021. Lisbon-based NetJets Europe flies four 6000s.[36]

A dozen 6000s are registered in the Isle of Man for anonymity, a few are registered in the Cayman Islands. Four are registered in Austria, three in Switzerland, two in France and Denmark, and one each in Finland, Germany, Ireland and Turkey. Three are registered in China, one in Malaysia and one in Hong Kong. Two are based in São Paulo, two are in South Africa and one is in India.[36]


A Qatar Airways (Qatar Amiri Flight) Global Express

The aircraft is operated by private individuals, companies, executive charter operators and government agencies, including:




  • 1 Global 5000 VIP, operated by the Angolan armed forces [78]
  • 3 Global 5000 for VIP transport operated by the Special Air Mission Wing MoD in Cologne[80]
  • 3 Global 6000 for VIP transport delivered in late 2019.[81]

Military mission

  • 3 Global 6000, known as Pegasus, for SIGINT missions ordered in 2021, to enter service by 2025 and replace the Eurohawk [82][83][84]
India India
Sweden Sweden
  • 2 Global 6000 to be transformed into Electronic warfare / jamming platforms for the Turkish Air Force, received in March 2019 [91]
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates
United States United States
US Air Force
US Army
  • Global 6500 SIGINT / ELINT, successor of the RC-12 Guardrail [95]
    • 1 Global 6500 demonstrator ARES flew in Europe for missions in order to try out the technologies prior to the development of the HADES final variant.[96]

Former operators

 United Kingdom


Model Global 5000 [99] Global 5500[100] Global 6000 [101] Global 6500[102]
Cockpit crew Two
Passengers 16 16 17 17
Length 96 ft 10 in (29.5 m) 99 ft 5 in (30.3 m)
Wing 94 ft (28.7 m) span, 1,021 sq ft (94.8 m2) area, 8.7 AR
Height 25 ft 6 in (7.8 m)
Cabin length 40 ft 9 in (12.41 m) 43 ft 3 in (13.18 m)
Cabin section 7 ft 11 in (2.41 m) max width, 6 ft 6 in (1.98 m) floor width, 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m) height
Max. takeoff weight 92,500 lb (41,957 kg) 99,500 lb (45,132 kg)
Operating empty weight 50,861 lb (23,070 kg) 52,230 lb (23,691 kg)
Max. fuel 39,250 lb (17,804 kg) 45,050 lb (20,434 kg)
Max. payload 7,139 lb (3,238 kg) 5,770 lb (2,617 kg)
Engines BR700-710A2-20 BR700-710D5-21 BR700-710A2-20 BR700-710D5-21
Thrust 14,750 lbf (65.6 kN) 15,125 lbf (67.3 kN) 14,750 lbf (65.6 kN) 15,125 lbf (67.3 kN)
Top speed Mach 0.89 Mach 0.90 Mach 0.89 Mach 0.90
Cruise Mach 0.88 (504 kn; 934 km/h; 580 mph) high-speed,
Mach 0.85 (487 kn; 902 km/h; 560 mph) typical
Range[a] 5,200 nmi (9,630 km; 5,984 mi) 5,700 nmi (10,556 km; 6,559 mi) 6,000 nmi (11,112 km; 6,905 mi) 6,600 nmi (12,223 km; 7,595 mi)
Takeoff distance[b] 5,540 ft (1,689 m) 5,490 ft (1,674 m) 6,476 ft (1,974 m) 6,370 ft (1,942 m)
Landing distance[c] 2,207 ft (673 m) 2,236 ft (682 m)
Ceiling 51,000 ft (15,545 m) max., 41,000 ft (12,490 m) initial cruise at MTOW
  1. ^ NBAA IFR Reserves, ISA, 8 pax, at Mach 0.85
  2. ^ SL, ISA, MTOW
  3. ^ SL, ISA, MLW

Accidents and incidents


As of 27 January 2020, six Global Express have been damaged beyond repair in hull-loss incidents.[103]

Date Model Operator Location Fatalities Incident
11 November 2007 Global 5000 Jetport Inc. Canada, Nova Scotia, Fox Harbour Airport 0/10 Landed short of the runway, collided with embankments, landing gear collapsed, skidded across the runway on its belly and coming to rest in a field.[104]
17 January 2015 Global 5000 Challenger Aero Corporation Metro Manila Philippines, Tacloban Airport 0/16 Severely damaged after exiting to the left of the runway at high speed.[105]
16 April 2019 Global 5000 German Air Force Germany, Berlin Schönefeld Airport 0 Severely damaged in a forced landing after flight control problems due to improper maintenance.[106]
27 January 2020 Northrop Grumman E-11A United States Air Force Afghanistan, Ghazni Province, Dih Yak District 2/2 2020 United States Air Force E-11A crash in a Taliban-controlled area. After experiencing a failure of the left engine, the crew shut down the operable right engine leading to a dual engine out emergency. The crew announced to Kabul ATC that they had lost both engines and that they intended to proceed to Kandahar, which was well outside the E-11A glide capabilities. This intent suggests that the crew was confident of airstarting one or both engines. There is no DFDR data to definitively confirm whether an attempt to airstart the right engine was made. With the crew unable to get either engine airstarted, the aircraft was unable to glide the remaining distance to Kandahar. With few options remaining, the crew maneuvered the aircraft towards Forward Operating Base (FOB) Sharana, but did not have the altitude and airspeed to glide the remaining distance. The crew unsuccessfully attempted landing in a field approximately 21 NM short of FOB Sharana. Performance data indicates, and simulation confirms, that for approximately three to five minutes after the initial event, the crew could have glided to and landed at Bagram or Kabul airports, respectively. [107]

See also

A Global Express XRS with a Gulfstream V behind

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

Related lists


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