(Bombardier or Bombardier MITRAC)
Bombardier Movia is a family of metro train cars built by Bombardier Transportation. The structure and body shell are fully customisable for the needs of each system that orders it. Unlike most traditional metro trains, they usually have full-width gangways between carriages, allowing passengers to walk the entire length of the train. The design was developed by Adtranz which was acquired by Bombardier in 2001.
Guangzhou Metro (Lines 1 and 8), Shanghai Metro (Line 9), and Shenzhen Metro (Line 1) all use Movia 456 trains, while Bucharest Metro (excluding Line M4) use the Movia 346. Movia tube and sub-surface stock are in service on the London Underground (designated S Stock on the Circle, District, Hammersmith & City and Metropolitan lines and 2009 Stock on the Victoria line) and the Toronto subway (designated Toronto Rocket on Line 1 Yonge–University and Line 4 Sheppard), New York City Subway (designated R179), Bay Area Rapid Transit (designated D and E series) and Delhi Metro (Phase II only). Singapore MRT Downtown line has accepted an order of 92 C951 trains, one of the largest orders in Singapore.
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The Movia is designed around a modular approach, which allows it to be adapted for use across a broad range of applications. While developed as a standardised platform, both the structure and carriage bodies of the train are able to be extensively modified to conform with the varied requirements of a given operator. Reportedly, the Movia can be modified to better suit local operational conditions, while the train's steering and management system is easily accessible for periodic maintenance. Reduced operating costs have been achieved via the careful designing of the train carriages to readily facilitate access for maintenance and repairs, as well as for low lifecycle costs and with concern for environmental conditions.
The Movia incorporates both a stainless steel body and an innovative propulsion system. Each carriage is outfitted with relatively modern passenger information systems and closed-circuit television (CCTV) systems. They feature modern interiors and exterior design; for favourable accessibility, they are normally furnished with both wide doors and spacious gangways. The carriages are also outfitted to provide relatively low interior noise levels, resulting in an improved environment for passengers.
The Movia train is powered by an advanced propulsion system, which is credited with achieving relatively low energy consumption, known as the MITRAC (Modular Integrated TRACtion system). This propulsion and control system is capable of vehicles using 750/1,500/3,000 V DC, 15/25 kV AC and diesel electric propulsion. In a typical configuration, the train is capable of achieving a maximum operational speed of 85km/h. Each carriage is outfitted with FLEXX Metro 3000 lightweight bogies, which reportedly enable optimum usage of vehicle capacity with less energy consumption. Other features of note include strong steering performance.
- Toronto Transit Commission (Toronto subway and RT)
People's Republic of China
- Guangzhou Metro Movia 456 – 34 six-car units (204 cars).
- Shanghai Metro – 134 six-car units (804 cars).
- Shenzhen Metro – 22 six-car units (132 cars).
- SBS Transit (MRT)
- SMRT (MRT)
- London Underground
- Stockholm Metro
- Bucharest Metro
- 44 Movia 346 trainsets (264 cars), built between 2002 and 2008
- Bay Area Rapid Transit
- New York City Subway
- LEW Hennigsdorf, Hennigsdorf，Germany – former Lokomotivbau-Elektrotechnische Werke (later Adtranz/AEG Schienenfahrzeuge GmbH) – European orders outside of UK and initial cars for Delhi Metro
- Changchun Bombardier Railway Vehicles Co Ltd, Changchun, China – joint venture plant with Changchun Railway Vehicles Company Limited – Chinese orders and Singapore
- Savli Railcar and Electrical Component Manufacturing Plant, Vadodara, Gujarat, India – most cars for Delhi Metro
- Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada – former Canadian Car and Foundry plant (Hawker Siddeley Canada/Urban Transportation Development Corporation) – Toronto order
- Derby Litchurch Lane Works, England – London order
- Plattsburgh, New York – BART and New York City Subway orders
- Pittsburg, California – BART order
- "Bombardier Movia Metro Cars." railway-technology.com, Retrieved: 12 June 2018.
- Toronto Transit Commission (March 6, 2015). "TTC Service Summary – March 29,2015 to May 9, 2015" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-03-22.
- "Procurement Authorization Amendment to Purchase 10 Additional Toronto Rocket Train Sets – Purchase Order No. C31PD05761" (PDF). Toronto Transit Commission. 2015-03-26. Retrieved 2015-03-22.
- News – Media Centre. Bombardier. Retrieved on 2013-07-26.
- First video clip of set operating
- Delhi orders more Movia metro cars. Railway Gazette. Retrieved on 2013-07-26.
- "MOVIA metros – flexible solutions for growing cities". Bombardier. Retrieved 2020-05-16.
- "MOVIA metros – flexible solutions for growing cities". Bombardier. Retrieved 2021-05-11.
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