Bombardment of Madras
|Bombardment of Madras|
|Part of First World War|
Oil tanks on fire in the harbour following the bombardment of Madras by SMS Emden
|Commanders and leaders|
|unknown||Karl von Müller|
|unknown||1 light cruiser|
|Casualties and losses|
|1 steamer sunk
The Bombardment of Madras was an engagement of the First World War, at Madras (now Chennai), British India. The bombardment was initiated by the German light cruiser Emden at the outset of the war in 1914.
With Captain Karl von Müller in command, on the night of 22 September 1914, SMS Emden quietly approached the city of Madras on the southeastern coast of the Indian peninsula. After entering the Madras harbour area and observing for a moment, Müller gave the order to engage at 9:30 pm, and Emden opened fire at a range of 3,000 yards on several large oil tanks within the harbour belonging to the Burmah Oil Company.
After the first thirty rounds, the oil tanks were in flames. After bombing the fuel tanks, Emden moved on to a small merchant ship in the harbour, which was quickly sunk by Emden 's deck guns. The worst casualties experienced that night were among the crew of the merchant vessel, 26 of whom were injured. At least five sailors were killed on board the ship or died later of injuries.
The action lasted half an hour, until 10:00 pm, by which time the British shore batteries had begun to respond. However, Emden slipped away undamaged. In all, 125 shells were fired by the Germans. Although the raid did little damage to Madras, it was a severe blow to British morale, and thousands of people fled the city.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to SMS Emden (1906).|
- Cruisers EMDEN, Frigates EMDEN - 5 warships named EMDEN until today (German)
- World War I Naval Combat
- Karl Friedrich Max von Müller: Captain of the Emden During World War I