The view from the Serra de Monte Junto, overlooking Bombarral
|• President||José Manuel Vieira|
|• Total||91.29 km2 (35.25 sq mi)|
|Elevation||34 m (112 ft)|
|• Density||140/km2 (370/sq mi)|
|Time zone||WET/WEST (UTC+0/+1)|
Bombarral (Portuguese pronunciation: [bõbɐˈʁaɫ]) is a Portuguese municipality in the Oeste Subregion, region Centro. The population in 2011 was 13,193, in an area of 91.29 km². It includes four civil parishes (Portuguese: freguesia) that provide local services.
It is known that the area of Bombarral was occupied during the geological period, and there exist vestiges of human settlement throughout the municipality, including pre-historic remnants in Gruta Nova, Lapa do Suão and the Neolithic fortifications of Columbeira and the Castro de São Mamede.
Most documented references to Bombarral begin in the 14th century, when the area was under the dominion of the Monastery of Alcobaça.
With the creation of Portugal, King Afonso Henriques donated the lands to Cistercian monks, around 1153. Before, the Battle of Aljubarrota King John of Portugal stayed in Bombarral with his Knight, Luís Henriques, in the strong-house that would later be converted into the municipality's council hall.
In the 18th century it was recognized as "Queens lands", and part of the municipality of Cadaval until 1852. During the Peninsular War, 15000 Anglo-Portuguese troops confronted a much smaller army of French infantry and cavalry (5000 total) in Roliça in the first engagement by British forces. The Battle of Roliça, along the northern frontier with Óbidos, was a confrontation between English General Arthur Wellesley and French General Henri François, Comte Delaborde, who were sent by General Jean-Andoche Junot, to harass and hold British forces until a much larger force could confront the English. The valleys and gullies of Roliça allowed the small French contingent to confront the much larger British force, yet they were unable to defeat them. Although successful, Wellesley did not press the fleeing French troops (who withdrew to Montachique near Torres Vedras), and instead went to support the landing of 4000 troops arriving from England along the coast.
Until 1914, Bombarral was a region of its neighbour Óbidos.
Bombarral is situated in a privileged geographic region in the extreme southern part of the District of Leiria, in the centre of Western Tourist Region (Portuguese: Região de Turismo do Oeste), 75 kilometres from Lisbon and 20 kilometres from the Atlantic Ocean. The municipality is limited to the north by the municipalities of Óbidos, to the northeast by Caldas da Rainha, southeast by Cadaval and west by Lourinhã.
Bombarral is situated on an alluvial plain that is fertile, with a gentle topography of lowlands.
- Bombarral e Vale Covo
The A8 is the primary thoroughfare connecting Bombarral with its neighbours.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Bombarral is twinned with:
The base of economic activity is agriculture with vineyards predominating, although several crops are routinely rotated within the fields of the municipality.
- Instituto Nacional de Estatística
- Direção-Geral do Território[permanent dead link]
- Câmara Municipal, ed. (2011). "A Nossa Identidade" [Our Identity] (in Portuguese). Bombarral, Portugal: Câmara Municipal de Bombarral. Retrieved 7 April 2011.
- Diário da República. "Law nr. 11-A/2013, page 552 25" (pdf) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 18 July 2014.