Bombay Gazette

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Bombay Gazette (Established in 1789)[1] was among the first English newspapers published from Bombay, India.[1]

History[edit]

Initially founded in 1789 as the "Bombay Herald", the newspaper's name was changed to "Bombay Gazette" in 1791.[2] It remained the leading paper of the city for a long time and covered important events such as the first session of the Indian National Congress in 1885. The Bombay Gazette and Bombay Courier were the earliest English language Indian newspapers published in Bombay (now Mumbai).

The newspaper continued to be published up to the early 1900s.

Bombay Gazette started printing paper on silk from 26 April 1841.

Surviving copies of the Bombay Gazette can be found in the British Library (Colindale collection).[3]

Owners and Editors[edit]

The owners and editors of Bombay Gazette included the British journalist and politician, James Mackenzie Maclean,[4] Adolphus Pope (1821), Fair (1826), Francis Warden (1827), E.X.Murphy (1833), Grattan Geary (1890), Sir Frank Beamen [5] and Galium (1840). It was not unheard of for its proprietors to include British civil servants.[6]

In 1911, Sir Pherozeshah Mehta and Benjamin Horniman attempted to purchase Bombay Gazette, to counteract the influence of another newspaper The Times of India, and to give a voice to Indian nationalists, but his attempts were thwarted by one of the directors, Sir Frank Beaman, leading Mehta to establish a separate newspaper, The Bombay Chronicle in 1913.[5]

Content[edit]

Bombay Gazette commenced as a weekly newspaper, in 1825 and was published every Wednesday. After some forty years, it became a bi-weekly.[3] The newspaper contained articles of local interest, especially those concerning Bombay city itself, proclamations, obituaries (mostly of British residents and rich Indians) advertisements and news regarding the British colonial government in India. For instance, on 13 January 1880, Bombay Gazette published a news article -

"A large hyena is prowling about Malabar Hill on the western side between Mr. Nicol's residence and Vaucluse, as good sport as a Mazagon tiger."[3]

It was known to oscillate its stand between extremes of conservative pro-establishment to liberal pro-Indian, based on the opinions of who its current editor and owner was. The newspaper employed both Eurasian and Indian reporters, and a Parsi reporter for legal articles (Nanabhoy Masani and later, Darashaw Chichghar).[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Skelton-Foord, Christopher. "Introduction to collection - Early Indian Newspapers - Masthead of Bombay Gazette". www.bl.uk. British Library - Colindale collection. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  2. ^ "A history of India". cw.routledge.com. Routledge. Archived from the original on 12 July 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  3. ^ a b c "Early Indian Newspapers". www.bl.uk. British Library. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  4. ^ "Members of parliament for Cardiff". www.british-history.ac.uk. British History. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  5. ^ a b c Lovett, Pat (1929). Journalism in India. Calcutta: The Banna Publishing Company. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  6. ^ Douglas, James, P. (1900). Glimpses of Old Bombay and Western India. Internet Archive. London: Samson Low, Marston and Company. Retrieved 22 June 2014.