|Bombay Province (1947 - 1950)
Bombay State (1950 - 1960)
|State of India|
|Bombay Presidency, southern portion|
|•||Abolition of the Bombay Presidency, Deccan States Agency and Baroda, Western India and Gujarat States Agency||1947|
|•||Divided into Maharashtra and Gujarat states||1960|
|•||1956||494,358 km2 (190,873 sq mi)|
|Density||97.6 /km2 (252.9 /sq mi)|
|States of India since 1947|
Bombay State was a large state of India created at the Independence of India with the merger of the British territories of the Bombay Presidency with the princely states of the Baroda, Western India and Gujarat States and Deccan States political agencies.
On 1 November 1956, Bombay State was re-organized under the States Reorganisation Act, absorbing various territories including the Saurashtra and Kutch States, which ceased to exist. Bombay State was split along linguistic lines in 1960, and some princely states which had formerly belonged to this agency became part of Gujarat and others of Maharashtra.
After India gained independence in 1947, Bombay Presidency became part of India, and Sind province became part of Pakistan. The territory retained by India was restructured into Bombay State. It included princely states such as Kolhapur in Deccan, and Baroda and the Dangs in Gujarat, which had been under the political influence of the former Bombay Presidency.
Expansion of the state
As a result of the States Reorganisation Act on 1 November 1956, the Kannada-speaking districts of Belgaum (except Chandgad taluk), Bijapur, Dharwar, and North Canara were transferred from Bombay State to Mysore State. but the State of Bombay was significantly enlarged, expanding eastward to incorporate the Marathi-speaking Marathwada region of Hyderabad State, the Marathi-speaking Vidarbha region of southern Madhya Pradesh, and Gujarati-speaking Saurashtra and Kutch states. The Bombay state was being referred to by the local inhabitants as "Maha Dwibhashi Rajya", meaning, "the great bilingual state".
In 1956, the States Reorganisation Committee, against the will of Jawaharlal Nehru, recommended a bilingual state for Maharashtra-Gujarat with Bombay as its capital. Thus in Lok Sabha discussions in 1955, the Congress party demanded that the city be constituted as an autonomous city-state. In the 1957 elections, the Samyukta Maharashtra movement opposed these proposals, and insisted that Bombay be declared the capital of Maharashtra.
Dissolution of Bombay state
Following protests by the movement in which 105 people were killed by police, Bombay State was reorganised on linguistic lines. Gujarati-speaking areas of Bombay State were partitioned into the state of Gujarat. Maharashtra State with Bombay as its capital was formed with the merger of Marathi-speaking areas of Bombay State, eight districts from Central Provinces and Berar, five districts from Hyderabad State, and numerous princely states enclosed between them.
Bombay State had three chief ministers after the independence of India:
- Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher was the first Chief Minister of Bombay (1947–1952)
- Morarji Desai (1952–1957)
- Yashwantrao Chavan (1957–1960)
|#||Name||Assumed office||Left office||Years in Office|
|1||Raja Sir Maharaj Singh||6 January 1948||30 May 1952||4|
|2||Sir Girija Shankar Bajpai||30 May 1952||5 December 1954||2|
|3||Harekrushna Mahatab||2 March 1955||14 October 1956||1|
|4||Sri Prakasa[f]||10 December 1956||16 April 1962||6|
- Political integration of India
- Samyukta Maharashtra movement for a separate Marathi state
- Mahagujarat Movement for separate Gujarati state.
- Indulal Yagnik
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