Bombing of Frankfurt am Main in World War II

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Bomb damage near Frankfurt Cathedral included 2 bridges (May 1945).
The old City of Frankfurt in 1942 before its destruction

Bombing of Frankfurt am Main by the Allies of World War II killed about 5,500 residents and destroyed the largest half-timbered historical city centre in Germany (the Eighth Air Force dropped 12,197 tons of explosives on the city).

In the 1939–45 period the Royal Air Force (RAF) dropped 15,696 long tons of bombs on Frankfurt.[1]

Post-war reconstruction generally used modern architecture, and a few landmark buildings were rebuilt in a simple historical style. The 1st building rebuilt was the 1789 Paulskirche (St. Paul's Church).

Date Event
1942-12-22 RAF roundel.svg Frankfurt was unsuccessfully bombed when bad weather prevented crews from hearing Sqn Ldr S. P. Daniels' on the standard-frequency radio equipment in the 1st Master Bomber mission (proposed by Air-Vice Marshal Don Bennett on 22 December 1942—preceding the Operation Chastise MB by 6 months.)[citation needed]
1943-10-04/05 Eighth Air Force - Emblem (World War II).png 155 Boeing B-17 from the 1st Bombardment Wing targeted the Vereinigte Deutsche Metallwerke (United German Metalworks) in Heddernheim

RAF roundel.svg Frankfurt is bombed by 402 British bombers – 162 Avro Lancaster, 170 Handley Page Halifax as well as 70 Short Stirling – and 3 USAAF B-17 participated.[2]

1944-01-29 Eighth Air Force - Emblem (World War II).png Mission 24 daylight bombing of Frankfurt[3] killed Princess Marie Alexandra of Baden.
1944-02-04 Eighth Air Force - Emblem (World War II).png The 303 BG bombed the Frankfurt city area using PFF.[4]
1944-02-11 Eighth Air Force - Emblem (World War II).png The 303 BG attacked Frankfurt[5]
1944-03-02 Eighth Air Force - Emblem (World War II).png The 303 BG targeted Frankfurt's V.K.F. (Vereinigte Kugellagerfabriken) ball bearing plant, followed by the Berlin Erkner ball bearing works on 03-03 and 03-08.[4]
1944-03-22 RAF roundel.svg A night raid destroyed the old part of Frankfurt and killed over 1000 inhabitants, and the east port suffered major damage.
RAF roundel.svg De Havilland Mosquitos raided Frankfurt during the Battle of Berlin (air).
[when?] The Municipal Library was hit during an air raid, destroying its Cairo Genizah document collection and lists of the collection.[6]

See also[edit]

Post-war reconstruction of Frankfurt.


  1. ^ "Is the Bomber Obsolescent?". Flight Global. 9 August 1945. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Royal Air Force Bomber Command, Campaign Diary October 1943". Official RAF Website. 2005-04-06. Archived from the original on 2005-05-10. Retrieved 2013-12-18.
  3. ^ Mission 24: Frankfurt, Germany, January 29, 1944, "Forts Blast Frankfurt; Kassel Hit" – retrieved 9-5-2008
  4. ^ a b Miller, Edgar "Ed" C. "...My Combat Missions..." Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
  5. ^ "Devil's Ball: B-17G-10-BO 42-31238: 351st Bomb Group, 511th Bomb Squadron". USAAF. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  6. ^ Goitein, S.D. (2000). Economic Foundations. A Mediterranean Society: The Jewish Communities of the Arab World as Portrayed in the Documents of the Cairo Geniza. Vol. I. University of California Press. p. 5.