Bombini

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bombini
Bumblebee 05.JPG
Bumblebees are corbiculate (with pollen baskets)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Apidae
Clade: Corbiculata
Tribe: Bombini
Latreille 1802
Genera

Bombus
Calyptapis
Oligobombus

The Bombini are a tribe of large bristly apid bees which feed on pollen or nectar. Many species are social, forming nests of up to a few hundred individuals; other species, formerly classified as Psithyrus cuckoo bees, are brood parasites of nest-making species. The tribe contains a single living genus, Bombus, the bumblebees,[1] and some extinct genera such as Calyptapis and Oligobombus.[2]

Fossils[edit]

Bombus cerdanyensis was described from Late Miocene lacustrine beds of La Cerdanya, Spain in 2014.[3]

Calyptapis florissantensis was described by Cockerell in 1906 from the Chadronian (Eocene) lacustrine – large shale of Florissant in the USA.[4][5]

Oligobombus cuspidatus was described by Antropov in 2014 from the Insect Bed of the Bembridge Marls in the Eocene of the Isle of Wight, England. The fossil was described by re-examining a specimen in the Smith Collection.[6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tribe Bombini - Bumble Bees". BugGuide. Retrieved 18 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "Tribe Bombini Latreille 1802 (bee)". FossilWorks. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  3. ^ Dehon, Manuel; Michez, Denis; Nel, Andre; Engel, Michael S.; De Meulemeester, Thibaut (2014). "Wing Shape of Four New Bee Fossils (Hymenoptera: Anthophila) Provides Insights to Bee Evolution". PLOS ONE. 9 (10): e108865. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0108865. PMC 4212905Freely accessible. PMID 25354170. 
  4. ^ "Bombus florissantensis Cockerell 1906 (bumble bee)". FossilWorks. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  5. ^ Cockerell, T. D. A (1906). "Fossil Hymenoptera from Florissant, Colorado". Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. 50 (2): 33–58. 
  6. ^ "†Oligobombus Antropov 2014 (bee)". FossilWorks. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  7. ^ Antropov, A. V.; et al. (May 2014). "The wasps, bees and ants (Insecta: Vespida=Hymenoptera) from the Insect Limestone (Late Eocene) of the Isle of Wight". Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. 104: 1–112. doi:10.1017/S1755691014000103. 

Sources[edit]

  • C. D. Michener (2000) The Bees of the World, Johns Hopkins University Press.