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IUPAC name
765-17-3 YesY
3D model (Jmol) Interactive image
Interactive image
ChEBI CHEBI:41200 YesY
ChemSpider 392860 YesY
PubChem 445128
Molar mass 238.42 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Bombykol is a pheromone released by the female silkworm moth to attract mates. Discovered by Adolf Butenandt in 1959, it was the first pheromone to be characterized chemically.[1] Minute quantities of this pheromone can be used per acre of land to confuse male insects about the location of their female partners, it can thus serve as a lure in traps to effectively remove insects without spraying crops with large amounts of pesticides. Butenandt named the substance after the moth's Latin name Bombyx mori.[2]

In vivo it appears that bombykol is the natural ligand for a pheromone binding protein, BmorPBP, which escorts the pheromone to the pheromone receptor.[3]


  1. ^ Butenandt, A.; Beckamnn, R.; Hecker, E. (1961). "Über den Sexuallockstoff des Seidenspinners .1. Der biologische Test und die Isolierung des reinen Sexuallockstoffes Bombykol". Hoppe-Seylers Zeitschrift für Physiologische Chemie. 324: 71. doi:10.1515/bchm2.1961.324.1.71. 
  2. ^ "Molecule of the Week". American Chemical Society. 2004. Archived from the original on August 7, 2004. Retrieved March 2, 2013. 
  3. ^ Leal, Walter S. (2005). "Pheromone Reception". In Schulz, Stefan. The Chemistry of Pheromones and Other Semiochemicals II. Springer. ISBN 9783540213086. Retrieved March 2, 2013.