|Coordinates: 42°11′58″N 121°24′17″W / 42.19944°N 121.40472°WCoordinates: 42°11′58″N 121°24′17″W / 42.19944°N 121.40472°W|
|• Mayor||Betty Tyree|
|• Total||0.82 sq mi (2.12 km2)|
|• Land||0.82 sq mi (2.12 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
|Elevation||4,127 ft (1,258 m)|
|• Density||492.68/sq mi (190.29/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (Pacific)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (Pacific)|
|GNIS feature ID||1117918|
Bonanza is a town in Klamath County, Oregon, United States, near Klamath Falls. The population was 415 at the 2010 census.
Bonanza is at an elevation of 4,127 feet (1,258 m) in southern Klamath County near the Oregon–California border. The town is at the east end of Oregon Route 70, a spur off Oregon Route 140. By highway, Bonanza is about 21 miles (34 km) from Klamath Falls and 300 miles (483 km) from Portland.
The Lost River flows through Bonanza. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.82 square miles (2.12 km2), all of it land.
This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F (22.0 °C). According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bonanza has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated Csb on climate maps.
The town, in a farming district, was named after the Spanish word for prosperity (literally smooth sea), apparently because of the good springs found nearby. The Bonanza post office was established in 1875.
J. P. Roberts founded the community in 1876 and opened a store there. Bonanza was formally platted in 1878. By around 1900, it was considered the third most important town in Klamath County, after Klamath Falls and Merrill. Daily mail arrived by stagecoach. The chief products of the region were cattle, horses, grain, hay, fruits, and vegetables.
Bonanza is an agricultural community with large areas of alfalfa, cattle, and dairy farm use. The Lost River runs near downtown where the Bonanza Big Springs are located. Low water levels have caused groundwater contamination through the springs and added to the regional controversies over water use, endangered suckers (fish) and struggling salmon species, and farming.
Education and economy
The community is home to Bonanza Schools, which include all grades from kindergarten through 12. As of 2003, the four largest employers in Bonanza were the Klamath County School District, Bonanza View Dairy, Tom DeJong Dairy, and Haskins Potato.
U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2010, there were 415 people, 152 households, and 108 families residing in the town. The population density was 506.1 inhabitants per square mile (195.4/km2). There were 169 housing units at an average density of 206.1 per square mile (79.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 86.3% White, 0.2% African American, 0.5% Native American, 9.6% from other races, and 3.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.7% of the population.
There were 152 households, of which 39.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.9% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.25.
The median age in the town was 34.5 years. 30.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.3% were from 25 to 44; 21.9% were from 45 to 64; and 14.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 51.6% male and 48.4% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 415 people, 139 households, and 102 families residing in the town. The population density was 497.8 people per square mile (193.1/km2). There were 152 housing units at an average density of 182.3 per square mile (70.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 85.54% White, 0.48% African American, 0.96% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.72% Pacific Islander, 5.54% from other races, and 6.51% from two or more races. About 13 percent of the population were Latino of any race.
There were 139 households, out of which 37.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.0% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.9% were non-families, 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.40.
The age distribution was 34.9% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $31,944, and the median income for a family was $36,786. Males had a median income of $21,979 versus $18,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $10,213. About 14.7% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.9% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.
- Dennis Linthicum, state senator
- Ryan Stevenson, American musician
- Hans-Georg Gottfried Dittmann, award-winning German-Austrian Journalist, exchange student in 1996/97
- ^ "Incorporated Cities: Bonanza". Oregon Blue Book. Oregon Secretary of State. 2013. Retrieved August 24, 2013.
- ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 12, 2022.
- ^ a b "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Oct 12, 2022.
- ^ a b c d e f g h "U.S. Census website". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
- ^ a b "Bonanza". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. November 28, 1980. Retrieved August 24, 2013.
- ^ a b The 2013 Road Atlas. Chicago, Illinois: Rand McNally. 2013. pp. 84, 85. ISBN 978-052-80062-2-7.
- ^ a b "Bonanza Community Profile". Infrastructure Finance Authority. 2009. Archived from the original on August 22, 2010. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
- ^ "U.S. Gazetteer: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
- ^ Climate Summary for Bonanza, Oregon
- ^ McArthur, Lewis A.; Lewis L. McArthur (2003) . Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 97. ISBN 0-87595-277-1.
- ^ Shaver, F. A.; et al. (1905). An Illustrated History of Central Oregon Embracing Wasco, Sherman, Gilliam, Wheeler, Crook, Lake and Klamath Counties. Spokane, Washington: Western Publishing Co. p. 981. OCLC 5436491.
- ^ NASA Earth Observatory (September 8, 2001). "Drought in the Klamath River Basin". National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Retrieved August 25, 2013.
- ^ St. Clair, Jeffrey (October 15, 2001). "Klamath Water Babies". In These Times. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
- ^ "Bonanza Schools". Klamath County School District. 2009. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
- ^ "Bonanza Schools: Home of the Antlers" (PDF). 2013-14. Klamath County School District. 2013. Retrieved August 26, 2013.[permanent dead link]
- ^ Moffatt, Riley Moore (1996). Population History of Western U.S. Cities and Towns, 1850–1990. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. p. 207. ISBN 978-0-8108-3033-2.
- ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved October 2, 2014.
- City of Bonanza government information at oregoncities.us
- Entry for Bonanza in the Oregon Blue Book