Bonda language

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Region India
Native speakers
9,000 (2002)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 bfw
Glottolog bond1245[2]

The Bonda language, also known as Bondo or Remo, is the Austroasiatic language spoken by the Bonda people of India. It had 2,568 speakers, all in Orissa, according to the 1951 Census of India,[3] increasing to approximately 9,000 speakers in 2002 according to SIL.


The Bonda language belongs to the Southern subgroup of the Munda branch of the Austroasiatic language family. It is most closely related to the Gutob language.[1]


The Remo language can be divided into two varieties, Plains and Hill (Anderson 2008:557).

  • Plains or Lower Remo (Bonda): 35 villages in Khairpat block of Malkangiri district, Odisha. Total population 4,764 as of 1971. 3,500 speakers as of 2002 according to Ethnologue, though with few being monolingual.
  • Hill or Upper Remo (Bonda): in and around Mundlipada (Muɳɖlipaɖa) in the Jeypore Hills, southern Odisha. 5,570 speakers as of 2002 according to Ethnologue.

External links[edit]


  1. ^ a b Bonda at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Bondo". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ N. Gopalakrishnan, Linguistic Survey of India, p. 271
  • Anderson, Gregory D.S (ed). 2008. The Munda languages. Routledge Language Family Series 3.New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-32890-X.