Bone Gap, Illinois

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Bone Gap, Illinois
Village
Country United States
State Illinois
County Edwards
Coordinates 38°26′49″N 87°59′47″W / 38.44694°N 87.99639°W / 38.44694; -87.99639Coordinates: 38°26′49″N 87°59′47″W / 38.44694°N 87.99639°W / 38.44694; -87.99639
Area 0.60 sq mi (1.55 km2)
 - land 0.60 sq mi (2 km2)
 - water 0.00 sq mi (0 km2), 0%
Population 246 (2010)
Density 410.0/sq mi (158.3/km2)
Timezone CST (UTC−6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
ZIP code 62815
Area code 618
Location of Bone Gap within Illinois
Map of USA IL.svg
Location of Illinois in the United States

Bone Gap is a village in Edwards County, Illinois, United States. The population was 246 at the 2010 census, down from 272 at the 2000 census.[1]

Geography[edit]

Bone Gap is located in northeastern Edwards County at 38°26′49″N 87°59′47″W / 38.44694°N 87.99639°W / 38.44694; -87.99639 (38.447053, -87.996288).[2] It is 7 miles (11 km) northeast of Albion, the county seat.

According to the 2010 census, Bone Gap has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.55 km2), all land.[3]

History[edit]

French trappers knew this area before it was permanently settled. The French referred to this place as "Bon Pas", which translates literally to "good step". Kentuckians modified the name to "Bone Pass", as though it were a "pass" through a mountain range. This was then changed to "Bone Gap", as in the Cumberland Gap. Bonpas Creek, a tributary of the Wabash River, flows southwards about 2 miles (3 km) east of the village, retaining the area's original name.

An alternative story about the origin of Bone Gap's name involves a small band of Piankeshaw Indians who established a village in a gap in the trees a short distance east of present-day Bone Gap. Several years later early American settlers found a pile of bones discarded by the Indians near their encampment-hence the name Bone Gap as given to the white man's village established about the 1830s.[citation needed]

Early settlers in the area included the five Rude brothers who came from West Virginia in 1830. Other families included the Morgans, Knowltons, Philips, Leachs, Gibsons, and Rices. In 1835-36 Ebenezer Gould and Elizabeth Gould went west with their twin sons, Philander and Ansel, and with Daniel Bassett Leach, who later became the Bone Gap Methodist minister. Due to several members of the farming community coming from Northeastern states, they were referred to as "Yankees", and the community was referred to as "Yankeetown".

Old Bone Gap, as it was usually called, was situated a little more than one-fourth mile east of the present village limits. It was never incorporated as a village and consisted of a store and post office, the office of Dr. Fildes, a blacksmith shop, a Baptist church, a Methodist parsonage, and a few log dwellings.

On March 9, 1892, a petition was circulated for an election to incorporate as a village. On March 29 of that year 38 votes were cast for incorporation and seven against.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 496
1910 517 4.2%
1920 455 −12.0%
1930 364 −20.0%
1940 385 5.8%
1950 327 −15.1%
1960 245 −25.1%
1970 308 25.7%
1980 350 13.6%
1990 271 −22.6%
2000 272 0.4%
2010 246 −9.6%
Est. 2015 242 [4] −1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 272 people, 99 households, and 80 families residing in the village. The population density was 450.5 people per square mile (175.0/km²). There were 110 housing units at an average density of 182.2 per square mile (70.8/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 99.26% White, 0.37% Native American and 0.37% Asian.

There were 99 households out of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.7% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.2% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the village, the age distribution of the population shows 27.9% under the age of 18, 12.9% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.9 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $27,813, and the median income for a family was $33,214. Males had a median income of $21,354 versus $17,500 for females. The per capita income for the village was $10,804. About 15.8% of families and 25.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.9% of those under the age of eighteen and 15.4% of those sixty five or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Bone Gap village, Illinois". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 27, 2016. 
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-08-02. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  • Edwards County Sesquicentennial Book 1814–1964