Bonerate people

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Bonerate people
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Pakaréna danseressen van het eiland Salayar bij Celebes TMnr 10003452.jpg
Pakarena dancers from Selayar Regency, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Total population
13,900[1]
Regions with significant populations
 Indonesia (South Sulawesi)
Languages
Tukangbesi-Bonerate languages (Bonerate language), Indonesian language
Religion
Islam (predominantly), Animism
Related ethnic groups
Butonese people

The Bonerate people are an ethnic group in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. They inhabit around the Selayar island group such as Bonerate, Madu, Kalaotoa, and Karompa islands.[2] The Bonerate people are generally Muslims.[3] Sexually provocative behaviour occurs in possession-trance ritual practiced by women only[4] and were carried out in a way by which they smother glowing embers with their bare feet at the climax of the ritual.[5] The Bonerate language is closely related to the language of the Tukang Besi islands off the southeast coast of Buton island.[6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bonerate in Indonesia". Joshua Project. Retrieved 2014-10-08.
  2. ^ "Bonerate". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2014-10-08.
  3. ^ Zulyani Hidayah (2015). Ensiklopedi: Suku bangsa di Indonesia. Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia. p. 87. ISBN 97-946-1929-9.
  4. ^ Jeannette Mageo & Alan Howard (2012). Spirits in Culture, History and Mind. Routledge. ISBN 1-1367-5852-6.
  5. ^ "Crazy Women are Performing in Sombali": A Possession-Trance Ritual on Bonerate, Indonesia Author(s): Harald Beyer BrochSource: Ethos, Vol. 13, No. 3 (Autumn, 1985), pp. 262-282
  6. ^ James N. Sneddon & René van den Berg (1989). Studies in Sulawesi linguistics, Part 1. Badan Penyelenggara Seri Nusa, Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya. p. 14. OCLC 470766997.
  7. ^ Charles E. Grimes, ed. (2000). Spices from the East: Papers in Languages of Eastern Indonesia. Pacific Linguistics. p. 55. ISBN 08-588-3460-X.