Bong Kee Chok

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Bong Kee Chok
Born1937 (age 81–82)
Known forLeader of the Clandestine Communist Organisation in North Kalimantan
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese黄紀作
Traditional Chinese黃紀作
Hanyu PinyinHuáng Jìzuò

Bong Kee Chok (黄紀作; born 1937)[1] is the main leader and member of the Clandestine Communist Organisation (CCO), also known as the North Kalimantan Communist Party (NKCP).[2][3]

As Bong was opposed to the formation of Malaysia, he was arrested on 22 June 1962.[1] After his release, Bong formed the NKCP on 19 September 1965 in Pontianak, West Kalimantan, Indonesia.[1] After a series of insurgencies, and the Indonesians' decision to stop aiding the Communists, Bong decided to surrender and signed an agreement to lay down arms to Sarawak Chief Minister Abdul Rahman Ya'kub on 20 October 1973 which signified the end of further major battles in the Sarawak Communist Insurgency.[4][5][6][7]


  1. ^ a b c Chee-Beng Tan (11 February 2013). Routledge Handbook of the Chinese Diaspora. Routledge. pp. 333–. ISBN 978-1-136-23095-0.
  2. ^ Francis Chan; Phyllis Wong (16 September 2011). "Saga of communist insurgency in Sarawak". The Borneo Post. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  3. ^ Fujio Hara (2005). "The North Kalimantan Communist Party and the People's Republic of China" (PDF). Institute of Developing Economies. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-12-19. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  4. ^ Wilfred Pilo (3 November 2013). "The day the insurgency ended". The Borneo Post. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  5. ^ "Treaty with Bong Kee Chok most profound feat by Tun, says Mawan". The Borneo Post. 11 January 2015. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  6. ^ "Komunis serah diri selepas rundingan" (in Malay). Kosmo!. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  7. ^ "Merdeka amat bermakna bagi Alli" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. 16 September 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2016.