Bongabon, Nueva Ecija

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Municipality of Bongabon
Municipal Hall
Municipal Hall
Official seal of Bongabon
Map of Nueva Ecija with Bongabon highlighted
Map of Nueva Ecija with Bongabon highlighted
Bongabon is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°37′52″N 121°08′38″E / 15.6311°N 121.1439°E / 15.6311; 121.1439Coordinates: 15°37′52″N 121°08′38″E / 15.6311°N 121.1439°E / 15.6311; 121.1439
Country  Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Nueva Ecija
District 3rd District
Founded 1760
Barangays 28
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Ricardo Padilla
 • Electorate 38,179 voters (2016)
 • Total 286.95 km2 (110.79 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 64,173
 • Density 220/km2 (580/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3128
PSGC 034902000
IDD:area code +63 (0)44
Climate type tropical monsoon climate
Income class 2nd municipal income class

Bongabon, officially the Municipality of Bongabon, is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 64,173 people.[3]

It has an area of 28,352.90 hectares (70,061.5 acres), and is the leading producer of onion in the Philippines and in Southeast Asia.

Each barangay in Bongabon has its own fiesta. The town fiesta, celebrated annually on the 1st to 2nd week of April, is known as the Sibuyasan Onion Festival.


Bongabon is politically subdivided into 28 barangays, listed here with their 2010 populations:


The Augustinian missionaries who preached Catholicism in Pampanga extended their outposts into what is now the province of Nueva Ecija by following the Rio Grande dela Pampanga. Thus, Santol (present day Barangay Santor) was part of Pantabangan and established in 1659. In 1760, Bongabon was named as a town and parish under the patronage of St. Francis of Assisi.

Bongabon was the first capital of Nueva Ecija.

Philippine Revolution under the Spanish Colonial Period[edit]

When the Philippine Revolution began on 1896 to 1898 against Spain. The Philippine Revolutionary and Republican troops with the aid of Katipunero rebels invaded the municipal town of Bongabon and fought the Spanish Colonial forces and started the Siege of Bongabon. The Filipino revolutionary troops and Katipunero rebel fighters captured the municipal town after the siege forcing the Spanish troops to retreat.

Philippine-American War and the American Colonial Period[edit]

With the outbreak of the Philippine–American War on 1899 to 1902, the town saw the arrival of American troops which fought the Filipino revolutionary troops and Katipuneros in the Battle of Bongabon on 1899. In the ensuing battle, the town was captured by the American troops.


Population census of Bongabon
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 3,923 —    
1918 4,532 +0.97%
1939 11,885 +4.70%
1948 14,958 +2.59%
1960 20,854 +2.81%
1970 25,434 +2.00%
1975 29,932 +3.32%
1980 32,451 +1.63%
1990 39,616 +2.02%
1995 44,856 +2.35%
2000 49,255 +2.03%
2007 63,639 +3.60%
2010 59,343 −2.51%
2015 64,173 +1.50%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][4][5][6]

Art and Culture[edit]

Sibuyas Festival is celebrated as a form of thanksgiving to Saint Francis de Assisi every 9th of April, and a way to promote and show their town as one of the largest producers of onion in Asia.


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: Nueva Ecija". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  5. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  6. ^ "Province of Nueva Ecija". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 

External links[edit]