Bonito

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Bonito
Sarda sarda.jpg
Atlantic bonito, Sarda sarda
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Scombriformes
Family: Scombridae
Subfamily: Scombrinae
Tribe: Sardini
Jordan and Evermann, 1896
Genera

Bonitos are a tribe of medium-sized, ray-finned predatory fish in the family Scombridae – a family it shares with the mackerel, tuna, and Spanish mackerel tribes, and also the butterfly kingfish.[1] Also called the Sardini tribe, it consists of eight species across four genera; three of those four genera are monotypic, having a single species each.

Etymology[edit]

Bonito means "pretty" in Portuguese and Spanish, but it is unclear whether the name of the fish is related to this.[2][3] The Spanish Academy derives the name from Arabic bainīth, but that may be a borrowing from the Spanish.[2]

Species[edit]

Food[edit]

Pacific and Atlantic bonito meat has a firm texture and a darkish color. The bonito has a moderate fat content. The meat of young or small bonito can be of lighter color, close to that of skipjack tuna, and is sometimes used as a cheaper substitute for skipjack, especially for canning purposes, and occasionally in the production of katsuobushi.[citation needed] Bonito may not, however, be marketed as tuna in all countries.

The Atlantic bonito is also found in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, where it is a popular food fish, eaten grilled, pickled (lakerda), or baked.

See also[edit]

  • Other fish sometimes called "bonito" include skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "Sardini". Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
  2. ^ a b Oxford English Dictionary, 1887, s.v.
  3. ^ "Bonite", French National Center of Textual and Lexical Resources

Sources[edit]