Bonn Minster

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Minster of St. Martin's
Bonner Münster 2010-07-07.jpg
Bonn Minster
Religion
AffiliationRoman Catholic
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusPapal basilica minor
Location
LocationBonn, Germany
Geographic coordinates50.7333°N 7.1°E
Architecture
Typeminster
StyleRomanesque architecture
Specifications
Direction of façadeEast, Slightly Southeast
Height (max)81.4 meters
Dome(s)None
Spire(s)Five
Website
Website

Bonn Minster (German: Bonner Münster) is a Roman Catholic church in Bonn. It is one of Germany's oldest churches, having been built between the 11th and 13th centuries. At one point the church served as the de-facto cathedral for the Archbishopric of Cologne, because it is the major church of what was then the Archbishop-Elector's residence (Cologne itself having secured independence from his secular government). It is now a minor basilica. It served as the inspiration for the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church in Berlin, as Kaiser Wilhelm II had studied in Bonn.

History[edit]

Originally the Minster was the collegiate church of Saints Cassius and Florentius, who were Roman legionaries of the legendary all-Christian Theban Legion.[1] The legion's garrison, according to legend, was in the Egyptian town of Thebes. Roman Emperor Maximianus Herculius ordered the legion to march to Gaul and assist in subduing rebels from Burgundy. At some point during their march, the legion refused to follow the emperor's orders either to kill fellow Christians or to worship Maximianus Herculius as a god. As a result, a large number of legionaries were martyred in Agaunum, now named Saint Maurice-en-Valais after Saint Maurice. According to legend, Saints Cassius and Florentius, who were under the command of Saint Gereon, were beheaded for their religious beliefs at the present location of the Minster.[2]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Christoph Keller (May 2006). "Legende auf dem Prüfstand". Archäologie in Deutschland. 5.
  2. ^ Ulrike Muessemeier (2004). "Die merowingerzeitlichen Funde aus der Stadt Bonn und ihrem Umland" (Dissertation). Bonn. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°44′00″N 7°05′59″E / 50.73333°N 7.09972°E / 50.73333; 7.09972