Bonne-Espérance, Quebec

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Bonne-Espérance
Municipality
Location within Le Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent RCM.
Location within Le Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent RCM.
Bonne-Espérance is located in Côte-Nord Region Quebec
Bonne-Espérance
Bonne-Espérance
Location in Côte-Nord Region of Quebec.
Coordinates: 51°23′N 57°40′W / 51.383°N 57.667°W / 51.383; -57.667Coordinates: 51°23′N 57°40′W / 51.383°N 57.667°W / 51.383; -57.667[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Côte-Nord
RCM Le Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent
Constituted January 1, 1990
Government[2]
 • Mayor Lionel Roberts
 • Federal riding Manicouagan
 • Prov. riding Duplessis
Area[2][3]
 • Total 1,198.70 km2 (462.82 sq mi)
 • Land 646.73 km2 (249.70 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 732
 • Density 1.1/km2 (3/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Decrease 12.2%
 • Dwellings 319
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
Postal code(s) G0G 2P0
Area code(s) 418 and 581
Highways Route 138
Climate Dfc

Bonne-Espérance is a municipality in the Côte-Nord region of the province of Quebec in Canada.

The municipality is made up of the fishing villages of St. Paul's River (Rivière-Saint-Paul), Middle Bay, and Old Fort (Old Fort Bay),[4] and was incorporated as a municipality on January 1, 1990.[2] All three communities are accessible via Quebec Route 138 from Blanc-Sablon to the east only; this road currently ends at Vieux-Fort before commencing again at Natashquan some 300 kilometres (190 mi) west-south-west.

Early History of Bonne Esperance[edit]

Bonne Esperance was first known to be inhibited by the Maritime Archaic people. The Maritime Archaic people are probably the ancestors of today’s Innu people. The Maritime Archaic people were on the coast for about 9,000 years ago, when the French people saw these people they called them Montagnais, because of the hilly land they lived on. In 1534, Jacques Cartier claimed this new found land for the King of France. They believed that Old Fort Bay was the first capital of North America. They called this new found land “New France”. It is rumoured that Cartier erected the first cross claiming the land in Baie des Rochers, about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) away from what is now known as Old Fort Bay, researchers still do not know the exact placement of the cross. In 1702 Augustin Le Gardeur de Courtemanche was granted a large concession by the King of France. It is believed that Courtemanche built a fort in Old Fort Bay, but this fort supposedly burnt down. When France lost the Seven Years' War in 1763 “New France” was taken over by Britain.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Canada census – Bonne-Espérance, Quebec community profile
2011 2006
Population: 732 (-12.2% from 2006) 834 (-2.1% from 2001)
Land area: 646.73 km2 (249.70 sq mi) 646.73 km2 (249.70 sq mi)
Population density: 1.1/km2 (2.8/sq mi) 1.3/km2 (3.4/sq mi)
Median age: 46.6 (M: 46.4, F: 47.0) 41.3 (M: 41.7, F: 40.7)
Total private dwellings: 319 315
Median household income: $.N/A $45,811
References: 2011[5] 2006[6] earlier[7]
Historical Census Data - Bonne-Espérance, Quebec[8]
Year Pop. ±%
1991 896 —    
Year Pop. ±%
1996 906 +1.1%
Year Pop. ±%
2001 852 −6.0%
Year Pop. ±%
2006 834 −2.1%
Year Pop. ±%
2011 732 −12.2%

Language[edit]

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Bonne-Espérance, Quebec[8]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
730
10 Decrease 33.3% 1.37% 715 Decrease 10.1% 97.95% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00% 5 Decrease 83.3% 0.68%
2006
840
15 Steady 0.0% 1.79% 795 Decrease 1.9% 94.64% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00% 30 Steady 0.0% 3.57%
2001
855
15 Increase 33.3% 1.75% 810 Decrease 9.0% 94.74% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00% 30 Increase n/a% 3.51%
1996
900
10 n/a 1.11% 890 n/a 98.89% 0 n/a 0.00% 0 n/a 0.00%

Economy[edit]

One of the main jobs for people in Bonne Esperance area is the fishery. There are three fish plants, one located in each of the villages: Middle Bay, St. Paul’s River and Old Fort. The fish plants are open during the summer months. This facility employs around 100 people. There is also a school board which employs about 25 people, including teachers, janitors, secretaries and technicians. There is the municipality which employs about 10 people. There is the Coasters Association which employs about 11 people and there are local grocery stores/ businesses that employ a number of people. There is also USL; this is a construction company which operates in Ontario and Alberta. Every year, many of the men leave their community and go to work in both places usually leaving in the spring and returning in the fall. During the winter months, most people who fish, work in the fish plants, and go to work in Alberta and Ontario collect employment insurance benefits.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 236020 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
  2. ^ a b c "Bonne-Espérance". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Gouvernement du Québec, Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Retrieved 2010-09-28. 
  3. ^ a b "Bonne-Espérance census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. 2007-03-13. Retrieved 2010-09-28. 
  4. ^ Lavallée, Claudia (2004-10-12). "A Summer in Bonne Esperance". CITIZENShift. National Film Board of Canada. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  5. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-02-09. 
  6. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-02-09. 
  7. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census

External links[edit]